Pence Biographises

Taken Principally From County Histories


John H. Bentz

John H Bentz was born in Maryland, November 11, 1827 and died December 16, 1903. His early years were spent in Fairfield County, OH where he was reared in a family of three sons and four daughters. On brother and three sisters, all of whom live in the far west survive. He was married August 31, 1854 to Jemima Plummer, of near Winchester, and with his bride established a new home in Mercer County, Ill. He had belonged to the Lutheran Church and upon his moving, transferred to the Presbyterian Church at Centre, Ill., where he was ordained and served as Ruling Elder. He enlisted in Company E, 102d Regiment, Illinois Inf. Volunteers in August, 1862. He returned to this county 14 years ago and was living in Winchester at the time of his death.

Source: Historical Collections of Adams County, Ohio (Thompson, 1982), Vol. I, 250.

Joshua Webb Pence

Joshua W. Pence, an old settler and prominent citizen of White County, and postmaster of Egbert, is of Tennessee nativity, and a son of George J. and Rebecca (Webb) Pence, natives of South and North Carolina, respectively. George J. Pence was born in 1802, and was married in Alabama in 1825, and remained there until 1829, when he removed to Warren County, Tenn., and six years later to Williamson County of that State. In 1839 he immigrated to Wilson County, where he died in 1852. He was a member of the Christian Church and a man of decision and strong will power, and was an old-time Jacksonian Democrat. Mrs. Pence was born in 1806, and in 1855, after her husband's death, came to Arkansas, locating in White County, on the farm on which our subject now lives, and where she died on July 16, 1888. She was a member of the Baptist Church, and was the mother of thirteen children, three of whom are still living: Louisa (widow of William Allen), Joshua W. (the principal of this sketch) and Marion T. (a farmer of Prairie County). Joshua W. was born in Warren County, Tenn., May 18, 1830, and when twenty-two years of age, commenced farming for himself, which occupation he has since followed, and in 1855 commenced farming the place on which he still lives, his mother living with him during the last twenty years of her life. He now has a fine farm of 252 acres, with about seventy-five under cultivation. In June, 1862, he enlisted in the Eighth Arkansas Infantry, but remained only a short time, being discharged on account of disability. Upon his discharge he returned home and found his farm in a state of dilapidation. In 1866 he was elected justice of the peace, which office he held for sixteen consecutive years, and was appointed postmaster of Egbert in February, 1887, which position he is still holding. He was married in February, 1854, to Miss Damaris L. Grissom, a native of Tennessee, who died in 1874, leaving nine children, six of whom are still living: Matilda (now Mrs. Hood), George L. (farmer and justice of the peace, of Dogwood Township), Oren D., Oscar D., Ira R. and Lillie A. Those deceased are Wiley H., Joshua M. and Barbara E. In 1874 he was again married to Mrs. Freeman (nee Belton, a widow, and who died in 1883, leaving no children), and on December 19, 1888, he married his third and present wife, Mrs. Ellen M. Rimer (nee Strodder, also a widow). Mr, Pence and wife are members of the Christian Church. He is a prominent Democrat and a member of the Knights of Labor, and of the County Wheel. He joined the Freemasons in July, 1867, of which he is still a member in full fellowship,in West Point Lodge No. 24. December 23, 1878, he joined the Grange No. 137, and has since filled several prominent offices in that society, such as Master, Overseer, Chaplain, Steward, etc. He and wife also belong to the Famous Life Association of Little Rock, Ark., their policy of membership being limited to the amount of $3,000.

From: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Eastern Arkansas: Comprising a Condensed History of the State, a Number of Biographies of Distinguished Citizens of the Same, a Brief Descriptive History of Each of the Counties Named Herein, and Numerous Biographical Sketches of the Prominent Citizens of Such Counties (Chicago: Goodspeed Pub., 1890), 221-222.

James F. McFarland

JAMES F. MCFARLAND. In the vicinity of Ladonia in Fannin County,Texas. James F. McFarland is recognized as one of the kings of cotton and general farming enterprise. He belongs to a family which has been represented in this section of Texas for three generations, and started his life with a considerable stock of land, although it was unimproved and he has put his own resources and industries into the creation of his generous work and splendid business. Few men in Texas produced more real value than Mr. McFarland.

James F. McFarland was born just north of Ladonia, where his forefathers settled as pioneers of the Texas Republic, a son of Jackson and a grandson of James MeFarland. The McFarlands are a branch of the sturdy Scotch-Irish people who, during the eighteenth century, became settled on the Atlantic slope, and gave character to practically all the mountain region in the Atlantic states. The original McFarlands composed a colony of about eighty rejatives who crossed the Cumberland mountains about the close of the eighteenth century, and thence spread over the new states of Kentucky and Tennessee and further west, so that the descendants may now be found in most of the states of the Union. An incident of this family migration is, that while the colony were on the summit of the Cumberland ridge, a boy was born and was given the name of Newman McFarland. Among the family traditions and records of all the descendants of those original McFarlands may be found mention of this incident, which is positive proof of the family relationship. James McFarland, the grandfather, was born in Tennessee, January 20, 1795, as a boy attended the old field schools, was married in his native state, and then immigrated to St. Francis county, Missouri, before the admission of that state into the Union. A few years of his early manhood he had spent in North Carolina as a trader and stock drover, his regular occupation throughout life being that of farmer. Of the sturdy Scotch stock, a man of large frame and active movements, he was one of the forces which moved things in his community, and in Texas became one of the early justices of the peace. James McFarland married Jane Jackson, and was the father of the following children:

Jackson; Albert; Jasper; James; William; Newton; Arthur; John; Sarah, who married Scott Sebastian; Ann, who became Mrs. Howard Etheridge, the latter a Texas veteran and Confederate soldier; Cynthia, whose first husband was a Blankenship, and her second George Wilkinson; Jane, who was three times married, her first husband being Will Jerry, her second Frank Sebastian, and her third L. P. Cunningham.

Grandfather James McFarland emigrated to Texas in 1836, the year in which Texas' Independence was established and the Republic instituted. He was one of the pioneers in North Texas, locating four miles north of the townsite of Ladonia,Texas where he acquired title to twelve hundred and eighty acres of land. He put that into the common usage as a grazing and "patch-farming" tract.

His interest was always alive in all popular questions, and when the war between the states began he opposed the secession, although six of his sons went into the Confederate army. He was one of the early Baptists in his county and taught that doctrine to his household. His death occurred October 18, 1871, and his wife, born February 6, 1801, passed away November 14, 1872.

Jackson McFarland, the father of James F. McFarland, was born during the residence of the family in St. Francis county, Missouri, September 3, 1817, and died near Ladonia, Texas, August 14, 1883. His education was such as could be supplied by the primitive schools in the different sections of the country, where his youth was passed, and when he established his own home it was three miles northeast of Ladonia. He subsequently moved to the community located five miles north of the village, and there he spent the remaining years of his life, his home being on the Bonham and Jefferson Texas roads. During the war he served in the coast in defense of the Militia, and his younger brothers were in the thick of the fight in the various armies of the south.

Jackson McFarland saw and was a participant in many of the events of pioneer life in Fannin county TEXAS. He was present at the home of Daniel Davis when the latter was killed by the Indians, and helped to bury that victim of savage fury. Mr. Davis was the first man killed by the Indian hostilities among the early settlers of Fannin county. He was also present in Den- ton county when Capt. John Denton was killed, about 1841, and where Captain Stout was wounded.

During the first five years of the family residence in Texas, the McFarlands practically slept on their firearms, always vigilant and ready for an attack. The family built a barn back of the house, the only entrance or exit to the barn being through the house, so that the Indians could not reach the animals so necessary to the life and prosperity of the settlers without disturbing or passing through the home. As a farmer, the late Jackson McFarland set a pace for his neighbors, became owner of a few slaves and accumulated a large acreage of Texas soil. He shared his prosperity in supporting religious and educational movements, and was an active member of the Christian church and a Republican. He married Artemissa PENCE, a daughter of John and Nancy (Waggoner) PENCE. She was born March 2, 1826, and died July 6, 1907. Their children were: James F.; John E., a farmer at Silver City; Nancy J., wife of William W. Cunningham, a farmer in Fannin county; Newton J., who owns the old homestead; and Cyrus S., who is everywhere known throughout the Ladonia vicinity as "Bose, " a popular merchant in Ladonia. Mr. James F. McFarland was born August 9, 1847, in his grandfather 's home north of Ladonia,Texas and spent his early years on the old home north of that town. His early education came to him from the country schools, which were then of primitive character. When still a youth he enlisted in Captain "Zeke" Williams' company of Confederates, and he did guard duty in the Federal prison at Bonham TEXAS during the remaining few months of the war. It is of special interest to follow his career in the development of his splendid farming estate. When twenty-five years old he started out as a farmer in earnest with one hundred and seventy-six acres of land, which was a donation from his father, a few horses and twenty dolla rs in cash. He broke out the land and carried n its improvement as time passed. He set a pace for industry that few men could imitate, and every hour of daylight was utilized during six days of the week, while the foundation of his liberal fortune was being laid. He was a grain and stock man until the "white fiber ' ' supplanted both, and since then much of his broad acreage has been devoted to the production of cotton. Of the five thousand acres under Ins ownership, in different tracts located over Hunt, Fannin, Grayson and Leon counties, twenty-five hundred acres is in cultivation, and eighteen hundred acres of this produced one thousand bales of cotton in 1912. On his large estate he has tenants to the number of two hundred and twenty-five, comprising a considerable colony and a community of itself, and he has supplied them with telephone and rural delivery and other facilities. The business created by his large enterprise is as much a matter of pride to the community as to himself, and it is really a part of the vital resources and furnishes the means of livelihood to a large number of people. Mr. McFarland has entered other fields of financial endeavor, is a director of the First State Bank and a member of the mercantile firm of Jackson-McFarland Company of Ladonia TEXAS. He is a stockholder of the News Company, publishing the weekly paper of the town. In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of the Christian church and lent much effective support during the construction of the new house of worship. On February 4, 1872, Mr. McFarland married Miss Mary J. Harper, a daughter of Washington and Elizabeth Harper, who came to Texas from Tennessee, coming in 1861. The children of their marriage are mentioned as follows: Samuel, who is active vice president of the Guaranty State Bank & Trust Company of Dallas, and who married Miss Jewell Easley; Elizabeth, wife of H. E. Fuller, a banker of Ladonia; Florence, wife of W. N. Williams, of Fort Worth; Mary, who married W. P. Jennings and resides at Amarillo; Miss Tennie, of Ladonia; James R., assistant cashier of the First State Bank of Ladonia; John Allen, educated in state university, who is operating a cotton gin plant at Ladonia and vicinity; Gorden B. and Lola, the latter both being students in the Texas Christian University at Fort Worth. The McFarland residence is one of the splendid homes in Ladonia Texas. It is modern, contains ten rooms, has ample porches and verandas, and all its furnishings and conveniences are what one would expect from a man of such prosperity as Mr. McFarland, and it is a thoroughly hospitable and cheerful habitation to the family and for the entertainment of their large circle of friends.



Nancy Hart Pence


Written at Detroit, Michigan,

In the Year, 1904.


Published in Honor of

October 27th, 1905


The following was composed, now, some years ago. It is to be lamented that it has not sooner fallen into the reader’s hands. I know of no autobiography which quite equals this for transparency of style. It has the etching’s excellence in indicating the largest view by the fewest needful lines.

Let it be known that the undersigned was taxed to his utmost ingenuity to meet the obstacles of diffidence in the autobiographer. She relented, composed page by page, ---rather, sentence by sentence, with great pains, and was content only after many conferences and innumerable revisions.

The product is a master-piece. As a contribution to our family history, it is priceless; its failure to be should have been an irreparable loss. It is singularly happy as a Christmas remembrance, --going as it does to members of a family to whom Christmas has ever been a time of family and domestic felicities.

Accompanying is a plot of the old Sand Hill Farm of the great and good man, Gideon Blackburn Hart. Thereon and in its growth he did a full man’s work; but from all I have heard of him, I cannot but comment upon how vastly more was he than a farmer, and how deep were his furrows in soil other than that in his two hundred and some odd acres.

I know one thing, --somewhere back yonder the fountains broke forth at high levels, for they have fed wide elevations of personal force and moral character in these scores of descendants who sprang from the loins of Gideon Blackburn Hart, Man, Citizen, Christian, Presbyterian Elder, Neighbor, and of his gracious and heaven-mated companion and other self, the nineteen year old bride of November, 1824, Hetty Taylor.

For him and for all of his we are grateful to God, beseeching His merciful forgiveness that we have made such meagre profit of such moral and mental heritages as have been ours.

Fraternally yours,

Christmas, 1908.
Detroit, Michigan.
[Note: Even though there is no signature on the original document, it is clear that the writer is Rev. Edward Hart Pence, son of Nancy Hart Pence. In 1908 he was pastor of Fort Street Presbyterian Church in Detroit. – Bill Anderson, November 4, 2006]


The Autobiography of Nancy Hart Pence.


The memories of my childhood days are very sweet and pleasant. The Home where Father and Mother lived and raised their children seems to me the dearest place on earth.

I was the first-born and I think one year old when Father bought and moved to their Home.

I remember Mother telling me how happy they were to know that this Home was their own.

The dwelling house with garden and walks and flowers of many kinds, and currants, raspberries and strawberries in abundance; then the orchard on the hillside reaching near the house, with the well at the bottom of the hill; the branch running through he woods pasture where we children spent so many happy ours; makes a bright, sweet picture after all these years.

Happy days spent with our beloved parents, brothers and sisters!

My first impressions of my father and Mother were that they were Christians and were trying to bring us up right, and that we must obey them. They were very firm in their family training (especially Father), yet most loving and kind. We as a family of children, have abundant reason to thank God for our loving Christian parents.

Father always had family worship, no matter how busy he was. We all, children, and the hired man, were called in just after breakfast. Sometimes, Grandfather Hart, who lived with us, led our devotions, but oftener Father. Our dear Mother had a very sweet voice and led in the singing. Dear parents, they have long since gone to their reward to join in singing the songs of the Redeemed.

I remember that often Presbyterian ministers stopped with us, and preached in the school house near Father’s. I remember once during family worship, Father Dickey, grandfather of Rev. Sol Dickey, stepped in and quietly knelt down, and Father did not know he was there. A warm welcome he received, as he was beloved by us all.

I started to school when about six years old. Miss Clarissa Morris was my first teacher. I loved her very much. As Mother had taught me my letters and to spell some at home, I soon learned to read. I have heard Mother say that when I was six years old I could read a chapter in the Bible. I remember of reading a chapter for my Grandfather Taylor, I think the 23rd Psalm, sitting his lap. When through, he presented me with a Bible, which I still have. I was his first grandchild, and I suppose he thought me a bright little girl. I was named for my Grandmother Taylor, which may have made him somewhat partial.

My next school teacher was Mr. William Morris, brother of my first teacher. My remembrance of him is not very vivid, but my next teacher, Mr. Hestin Buchanan, was dearly loved by us all. He taught several terms, as we only had a fall and winter school those times, lasting perhaps four or five months.

When I was about nine years old, at a meeting held at Father’s Home, Father and Mother had their children baptized. Father was just recovering from a long spell of fever, and during his sickness had resolved to have their children baptized if his life was spared. I remember we stood by his bedside while the rite was administered by Dr. David Montfort. In the light of that scene by my Father’s bedside, I have always thought I better understood the passage, Acts 16:15, where Lydia, too, gave her household in baptism. At this same meeting our dear teacher, Mr. Hestin Buchanan, with his wife, united with the Presbyterian church by profession of faith. The same fall, during Father’s severe illness, our eldest brother, Silas, aged 5 years and 20 days, died. His death was my first grief, and I remember the night he died and the incidents of the burial as if it were a year ago. I remember him as a pretty little boy.

When I was two years old, my Grandmother Hart, Father’s step-mother, died. Grandfather Hart, Uncle Harvey and Uncle Charlie came to our home and lived with Father and Mother. Uncle Charlie was about four years old and made his home with us until he was fourteen. He then went to live with a Presbyterian minister, Dr. Wood, near Franklin, Ind. He staid [sic] with him several years. Uncle Harvey was with us, I think, about four years. He then learned the tailor trade with Mr. Abbott of Columbus.

Grandfather Hart lived with Father and Mother from the fall of 1827 until his death, which occurred in June, 1841. I think he made one visit in that time to his old Tennessee Home, going on horseback, and one or two visits to Washington Co., Ind., to visit his only daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Trotter and family. Grandfather was a devoted Christian. He had been an Elder in the Presbyterian Church many years. I can remember well how patiently he bore his severe suffering. His death was very peaceful.

The school house where I attended school was built of logs hewn on the inside. I think it was about 20 feet long and 10 wide, more or less. It was lighted on each side by a long narrow window, I think the whole length of the building, just the depth of one pane of glass. Our desk or table reached the whole length of the window, as I remember, about one yard wide, one half level next the window to hold our writing material, the other half slanting a little for convenience in writing. The girls’ desk was on the east, the boys’ desk on the west side of the school house. My place on the writing desk was about fourth from the north end of the school room.

We had no steel pens in those days. Our teacher made our pens from goose quills. Father often made Sister Lizzie’s and my pens at Home, which pleased us very much, as he made an excellent pen. Lead pencils had not come into use as we have them now. The boys in our school made their pencils by taking common elder, cutting it the length they wanted, pushing the pith or inside, out, then filling the empty space with melted lead. This made a useful and durable pencil. Though not handsome, they were prized more by us than the pencils are by the young of the present day.

When I was about thirteen years old, Dr. Dudley was, through Father’s influence, employed as teacher of our school for one year. He was a fine teacher, a more learned scholar than any of our former teachers. He was very eccentric. Sister Lizzie and I attended his school the most of the year. My school books were Geography, Kirkham’s Grammar, and Pike’s Arithmetic. Dear old Webster’s Spelling Book was my first book. I have a book, given me by my first teacher, which I prize very much, “Life of Franklin.” On first page is written, “Nancy Hart, 1837.” Our reading books in school were First and Second English Reader.

Several boys were sent from Columbus to Dr. Dudley’s school. Amongst them were Will Terrill, son of Rev. Williamson Terill, Methodist, and John and Buck Terrill, sons of Rev. Harrison Terrill, Christian. I remember them as bright young fellows full of fun, often whipped by the teacher, for that was his favorite pastime. Buck Terrill was prominent during the Civil War. He was Adjutant General and was on Gov. Horton’s staff.

I was, I think, in my fifteenth year when I felt that Jesus was my Savior; and united with the Presbyterian Church in Columbus. Rev. Benjamin Nyce was pastor of the Presbyterian Church. My Father, Mr. Hubbert, and Mr. Samuel McGeehan were the elders. The Presbyterians held services in the old frame Methodist Church as they were building their frame church on Third and Franklin Sts. at that time. The pastor and elders have all, long ago, passed to their Heavenly Home.

In November, 1837, I do not remember the date, Grandfather Hart, who had been sick and could not sleep, awakened all our family to see a wonderful sight: the falling stars. The heavens were all lighted up in a blaze of brilliancy and grandeur. The stars were shooting in every direction. It was a glorious sight never to be forgotten. The neighbors gathered in to our Home and all with wonder and awe watched the grand and impressive sight until morning.

The last school I attended was taught by Harvey Sloan. He was a good teacher and loved by us all. His father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Elijah Sloan, were our parents’ warm friends and neighbors, members of the Methodist Church.

Our Mother taught her daughters to do all kinds of housework. We were taught to knit our own stockings and help knit our younger brothers’ and sisters’ as well. Sister Elizabeth was two years younger than I. We shared together our work and pleasures. Father kept a flock of sheep and from the wool Mother spun and wove winter clothing for her family. We were taught to spin wool. In that way we could help our Mother. Truly it could be said of her, “she looketh well to the ways of her household and eateth not the bread of idleness.” (Prov. 31:27).

Besides their own family, two boys, Uncle Charlie Hart and Nathan Scott, were provided for as their own children for several years by Father and Mother.

During the summer months, there was a Sabbath School held in the school house where we attended school, which too was used for preaching. Father was Superintendent. It was attended by children and young people from different churches in the neighborhood. The parents came, too, and the house was generally crowded. I remember my teacher one summer was Mrs. Parker, a sweet-faced woman who died the following winter. I believe that many are in Heaven that came under the influence of that Sabbath School held in that dear old school house.

When I was about 13 years old, our Mother’s Grandfather, my Great Grandfather Taylor, came to visit us. He was a Revolutionary Soldier. He lived with his daughter, Mrs. Woodford, near Madison, Ind., near where Hanover College now stands. Our Grandfather Hart who lived with Father (his son) too, was a Revolutionary Soldier. Great Grandfather Taylor staid [sic] all night at our Home. We children (brother Will well remembers it) were given the privilege of sitting up until after midnight to listen to our noble soldier grandparents telling of the incidents that they were engaged in during their service in the war. Would that I could write it as they told it that night. Grandfather Hart was wounded and carried to a barn which was used as a hospital. Great Grandfather Taylor, I think, served through most of the war. He was a devoted Christian, a member of the Baptist Church. Was past ninety years old at the time of his visit. Oh, that was a wonderful night, never to be forgotten. When the time came to retire, all knelt and there was a prayer of thanksgiving from each of the beloved Grandparents.

In the fall of 1841, I think is the date, a union meeting was held in the school house near Father’s. Rev. Williamson Terrill, Methodist, and Rev. Benjamin Nyce, Presbyterian pastor, were the preachers. The first Sunday evening, I remember, Mr. Nyce preached from the text, Matt. 26:26, “For what is a man profited if he gain the whole world and lose his own soul.” At the close of the sermon, he asked if any were seeking to be saved to come forward. I think not less than twenty went forward. The meeting continued for some time, and was a glorious meeting. It seems to me I have never witnessed anything like it since. There were many conversions, Sister Lizzie, and a young man, John Hawkins, who worked for Father, were amongst the first who went forward. I rejoiced with all, for I had a few months before, chosen Christ as my Savior. Nearly every young person, as well as many married people, became Christians and united with some Church – a glorious work.

My Mother’s Father’s home, Grandfather Taylor’s, from my earliest recollection, was on a farm in the hawpatch, about five miles from Father’s Home. Our visits to Grandfather’s are a very pleasant memory. They had nine children:

Uncle James, who married Priscilla Edwards.

Uncle William, who married Maria Hager.
Mother, Hetty A., who married Gideon B. Hart.
Aunt Jane, who married William Hamilton.
Aunt Sarah Ann, who married: 1st, John Harvey; 2nd John Crabb.
Aunt Mary A., who married Cadwalader Jones.
Aunt Elizabeth, who married: 1st Jonas Crane; 2nd Joshua Parker.
Uncle David, a bachelor.

Grandfather Taylor sold his farm about 1840, and moved to Jonesville, Bartholomew Co., Ind. He died in 1849, and Grandmother died in 1853. They are buried in the Jonesville cemetery. They were devoted Christians, members of the Baptist Church, both so kind and gentle and loving. I have the sweetest memory of them yet with me after these many years.

Uncle James and William, also Aunts Sarah and Elizabeth, were members of the Baptist Church. Aunts Jane and Mary were members of the Christian Church (Disciples).

Mother was a member of the Baptist Church when she was married. During a protracted meeting held in Columbus, Father was converted and united with the Presbyterian Church some time after their marriage; and mother, at the same time with him, united with the Presbyterians by letter from the Baptist Church.

All Mother’s family, Father, Mother, brothers and sisters have passed away, except Uncle David Taylor. He is living at Little York, Scott Co., Ind. He is seventy years old and is unmarried.

Uncle James Taylor removed to Iowa, and he and Aunt Priscilla died there at their home near Washington, Iowa, and are buried there. Uncle William Taylor and Aunt Maria died in Columbus and are buried at Liberty Cemetery, Hawpatch. Aunt Jane and husband died near New Philadelphia, Washington Co., Ind., and are buried there. Aunt Sarah Crabb and husband, Uncle John Crabb, died in Louisville, Ky., and are buried in Cave Hill Cemetery. Aunt Mary and husband, Uncle Cad Jones, are buried at Crown Hill, Indianapolis. Aunt Elizabeth and husband, Joshua Parker, died at their home in Azalia, Bartholomew Co., Ind., and are buried there.

Uncle David Taylor is the only one living (in 1904) of our Mother’s family.

In the summer of 1837 or 1838, Aunt Jane Taylor taught a summer school in the school house near Father’s Home. I remember some Mormon preachers coming and having meetings. They preached evenings and Sundays, and, strange to say, they drew a crowd and a number from the best families in the neighborhood joined them. Mr. Sloan’s son Albert and wife (Sarah Keith), and Almira Sloan and husband (Nelson Kent), and a number of others.

On one occasion Aunt Jane dismissed her school, and teacher and scholars went down to Clifty Creek to see the converts immersed.

I remember the converts went that same fall in a company, to Nauvoo, the headquarters of the Mormons at that time. Mother Sloan was almost in a dying condition when her children left for Nauvoo. Other parents were mourning what they felt was worse than losing them by death. Our Father and Mother comforted them all they could in their sorrow.

Feb. 20th, 1845, I was married to David Pence. The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev. John C. Abbott, a Methodist minister, there being no Presbyterian pastor in the Columbus church at that time.

I can truly say our marriage was a happy one. We had a pleasant home a mile and a half from Columbus. We lived a few months in a rented home while David built us a two-story frame house. We had a nice garden with currants, raspberries and strawberries in abundance. David set out an apple orchard. We had a lovely little farm. We lived a quarter of a mile from Father Pence. Mr. Francis Crump, Sr., lived half a mile away. His son, James, played the clarionette, Brother George played the flute, and David played the violin. The two young men often came to our Home and spent the evening making, it seems to me, the sweetest music I ever heard. All three have long since passed to their Home beyond.

Brother George enlisted in the Mexican War, I think in 1846. It was a hard trial for all, especially for his Mother, when he went away. He died at Monterey, Mexico, March 19th, 1847, and was buried there.

March 24th, 1847, our first-born, our dear little Emma, was born. She was a sweet, lovely child. She was a month old when we heard of Brother George’s death. There was no telegraphing done then. The first message of the sad news was in a letter to David from a friend of theirs whom David and George had known in Columbus, and who had gone to Ohio and enlisted there. Mr. VanSkike. His regiment, while on their way to the battlefield, stopped over night at Monterey. Mr. VanSkike went into the hospital thinking to find, maybe, some one he knew. He found George very weak, but able to talk and so glad to see him. He hoped to leave there for home very soon. He left him at a later hour. The next morning he called to see him. Brother George had passed away in the night. A day or two after this letter came, Father Pence received a letter from the steward of the hospital where he died. He wrote so highly of George, of his kindness and patience in suffering. He said he had endeared himself to every one by his gentle ways. This letter was a great comfort to the family. I have wished that I had a copy of it. The company, Capt. Boardman’s, arrived home from Mexico July 4, 1847.

Sept. 26th, 1849, our dear little Mary was born. A sweet little baby she was. We were a very happy Father and Mother and very proud of our beautiful little daughters. The memory of those days is very sweet after all these years.

In the fall of 1849 David decided to quit farming and move to Columbus where he had built us a pleasant home. He wished to work at the carpenter trade. In December, 1849, we moved to Columbus. I remember there were only three houses north of the Madison R.R. on Washington St., Mr. James Leason’s, our Home, and the brick house afterwards the home of Mr. Aleck Kraining. I must now give a loving tribute to my dear friend and neighbor, Mrs. Kraining. She was a kind, gentle, loving woman, ever ready to give a helping hand in sickness or health. My love for her will never grow cold as long as my life lasts. Mr. Kraining was an excellent neighbor.

Columbus, when we moved to our Home, seemed only a village. I remember there was a cornfield across the street east and reaching beyond where the Presbyterian Church now stands. The frame Catholic Church was built, I think, in 1851. The King home was built by Mr. Lakin, merchant; also the Cooper house and the house of late years used for an office by the Cerealine Co.

Jan. 1st, 1852, our Emma was taken very ill. We called in Dr. Hinman, our family physician. He pronounced her disease scarlet fever of the worst type. Emma continued growing worse, and on Jan. 7th, our Baby Mary was stricken with the same disease. Dr. McClure was called in consultation, and everything that skillful doctors and loving nursing could do, was done, to save our darlings. But it was God’s will to take them to be with Him. At one o’clock, A. M., Jan. 13th, Emma passed away, and at 11 P. M., evening of the same day, our little Mary joined her in the “Better Land.” Our happy home was left desolate.

(From the “Spirit of the West” Columbus paper). “The oldest daughter of David and Nancy Pence, the sprightly, beautiful little Emma, aged five years, was buried on the 13th. inst., and on the 14th their only remaining child was added to the treasury of the grave. We would not wish to recall the pretty little prattlers from their new Home, but for their parents’ sake, for as certain as Heaven is the abode of sinless innocence, so certain is it that they are participants of its joys.” – Columbus, Ind. Jan. 15th 1852.

These sweet sympathizing words were written by a dear friend of ours, Mr. Alden. Their Father had engraved on their tombstone, “they were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in death were not divided. Samuel 2nd, 23rd.

March 10th, 1852, our Home was blessed by the coming of a little son. It rejoiced our hearts to again have a little one in our Home. Mother Pence asked if we would name him George for his uncle who had died in the far away land. We gladly consented. George was a lovely, bright little one and a great comfort to us. He came to us just two months and two days after the death of his little sisters.

When George was nearly two and a half years old, his little brother, Blackburn, was born. He was so sweet and bright, learned to talk very young, and our two little boys were happy playmates. But he too was only spared to us for a little more than two years. He was taken with the flux and died Sept. 2nd, 1856, aged two years and two weeks.

Feb. 16th, 1857, our little Ella was born. She was a beautiful baby, and was very delicate. A neighbor, Mrs. Leason, came in when Baby was a few hours old with her little girl who was just taking the whooping cough. Our baby took the disease and lived only fifteen days. Again George was our only living child.

Dec. 23rd 1857, Lafayette was born. I need not say how welcome he was. He was a healthy little boy and looked as though he had come to stay. He slept the first month, which made us uneasy. But the doctor told us he was all right, as his arrival had been somewhat premature. We were at quite a loss for a name for him. His Father who was working in his shop one day, wrote on a little block and sent it in to me by George, “Let us name our baby Lafayette.” I was pleased with his choice and wrote on the block, “All right,” and sent George back with the message to his Father. So he was named.

July 31st. 1860, our Ada was born, and we were happy to again have a daughter in our Home. Her father chose her name, and I was pleased with it. She was a sweet, loving child. Her Father thought from her baby-hood that she showed musical talent, and was anxious that she should have every advantage. She commenced taking music lessons when she was eight years old, but her Father did not live to hear her sweet songs and listen to the skillful, beautiful performance on the piano which would have delighted him so much.

June 12th, 1863, Charles J. was born, a very sweet black-eyed baby. He came in war times, I think the week that Vicksburg was taken by the Union Army. There was talk of the Confederates marching to take Louisville. Brother John Snyder lived there. Sister Sarah, with children and Father Pence who was visiting with them, came to Columbus to stay until the trouble should be over. Father Pence came up to see our baby boy who was only a few days old. I told him that we were going to name Baby for him, that Jacob should be a part of his name. Father seemed very much pleased. Said he thought him a very fine handsome baby. He was always very partial to Charlie.

Nov. 26th, 1865, our William D. was added to our home circle and its joys. His dear sister Ada was very much disappointed because her little brother was not a little sister. It was my wish that our little boy should have his Father’s name, and he consented, although he did not admire his name. I insisted that it was a very pretty name, and think so yet. So his Father wrote “William David” in the family record in our family Bible.

April 10th, 1868, our little boy, Ed. H. was born. [Note: This is the Rev. Edward Hart Pence of Detroit, mentioned at the beginning of this document. He also has his own section of this web site.] He was a frail, delicate little one, and until he was a month old, we feared he would not long be spared to us. He then seemed to take new hold on life, and we were made happy by our dear baby regaining his health, and he was indeed a joy and comfort to us through the dark cloud of sorrow that came to us. When he was four months old, his Father was stricken down with typhoid fever. From his first attack, his physicians, Drs. Grove and Wright, thought him seriously ill. Dr. Barrett, too, often called to see him. He seemed gradually to grow weaker. When her Father had been sick four weeks, our Ada was taken with the same disease. At his request and my wish, I was his constant nurse until Ada was taken sick. After that, his Masonic brethern [sic] and other friends came and took care of him through the night. Everything that skillful physicians and loving nursing could do, was done to save our beloved ones. But it was God’s will to take the dear Husband and Father to his Home in Heaven. A little while before his death, he bade each one of his weeping family “Farewell.” Saturday morning at 11 o’clock, Oct. 3rd, 1868, he passed away from earth, trusting Jesus Christ as his Saviour and Redeemer.

Ada was very low at the time of her Father’s death, but the means were blessed for her recovery, and she was spared to us fifteen years longer, to be a comfort and blessing to her Mother, brothers, husband and friends, by her sweet music and loving Christian life. Then she “was not,” for God took her, and later her sweet babe, Ada Hart, to be with her Saviour and loved ones.

During David’s last illness, brother Edward Hart and Sister Edith visited us for a week. Brother Ed sat by his bedside and was with him almost day and night. David became very much attached to him, and I remember when Brother Ed went away, he shed tears.

We had not named our baby, and I felt anxious that his Father should name him. I took him to the bed and told him I wished him to give the baby a name. He put his hand on Baby’s head and said, “Let us call him Ed Hart, or Edward if you wish, for your Brother Ed. I think it is a pretty name, and I never knew and loved Brother Ed as I do since his last visit.” I was well pleased with his choice. After their Father’s death, I told the children what he had said, so George brought the family Bible and wrote, “Edward Hart.”

In the summer of 1871, Ed., 3 years and 4 months old, was taken very suddenly on Sunday evening with severe sickness. Dr. Collier was sent for in haste. Before his arrival, Ed had a convulsion. Dr. Collier worked with him until midnight, when he was a little better. Serious symptoms were noticed the following morning, and the doctor wished another physician called in consultation, and we sent for Dr. Grove. He seemed to grow steadily worse, and the doctors seemed puzzled, and we had little hopes of his recovery. On the tenth day of his sickness, the doctors tried their skills in an extreme measure and felt sure there was little hope. They called me in after their consultation and told me there was one remedy, a powerful medicine, that might bring him relief, but there was danger of his passing away by sinking, but it was the only hope, and a little delay might be too late. I told the doctors to do what they thought best. They gave him the medicine and it had the desired effect. He sank away for several hours, I think 24 hours. We kept him alive by giving him stimulants. I will never forget the kindness of my neighbors during Ed’s illness. There was great joy in our Home when the word came from our good doctor, “there is hope now.” I had prayed all during Ed’s sickness if he could be spared to be a useful man, that God would spare his life, and I do thank Him that he heard my prayers and led him into the ministry. It was several weeks before Ed could walk.

I wish to mention the kindness of the Masonic brothers after my husband’s death. Three or four years after I gave my bond as guardian for my children, the men who were on my bond failed in business. I was notified that I would have to give a new bond, or have new signers. I sent for a leading Mason and told him my trouble, and stated my financial condition. He took the bond at once and went away. In an hour or two he came back with the names of several Masons on my bond. Their kindness was highly appreciated in the relief it brought me. Another time I needed names for security to sell heirs’ property. Cousin Albert Trotter, Dr. Hogue and Mr. Fred Donner willingly gave their names. I have been wonderfully blessed in having such friends, and I thank God for his goodness; for I know that every good and perfect gift cometh from his loving Hand.

The first pastor that I distinctly remember was Rev. Stintson, who was pastor in 1841 when Grandfather Hart died, as he preached Grandfather’s funeral. Rev. Benjamin Nyce was next pastor, serving for two or three years. Father Romley was supply for a year. In the fall of 1845, there was a protracted meeting in Columbus Presbyterian Church. Rev. Henry Ward Beecher came from Indianapolis and preached several days. Also Rev. Clement Babb and Rev. Galiher, all noted ministers. There was a goodly number united with the church. Rev. Merwin was the next pastor. He was from the east, and as I remember, his family did not like the west and he did not remain long. Mr. Brownlee was his successor. I can not remember how long he remained. Our dear Brother Dickey came in 1853, and remained our pastor for seventeen years. He as much beloved by all, and his faithful preaching did much for the Master in building up the Presbyterian Church in Columbus. In 1870 Mr. Parker came to be our pastor. The faithful work of Brother Dickey laid the foundation for the faithful ministry of Mr. Parker. In the fall of 1870 there was a glorious meeting in the Presbyterian Church. About 30 professed Christ and united with the Church, amongst them being our Lafayette and Ada, and Ella and Rose Billings, afterwards my beloved daughters.

In October, 1874, George and Miss Ella Billings were married by Rev. A. Parker. We were very happy in welcoming dear Ella into our family circle, and for nineteen years, as long as she was spared to us, she was greatly beloved by us all. A year after they were married, during a meeting held in the new Presbyterian Church, George and Charlie became Christians and united with the Church. When Will D. was eleven years old, he professed Christ and united with the church, and Ed. H., when in his twelfth year chose Christ his Saviour and united with the Church. My dear Ada and her five brothers were baptized and received into the Church by our beloved pastor, Mr. Parker. He was our pastor for twelve years and it was with much regret that we saw him leave for his new home in Orange, Calif.


“Mother.” [Map of Gideon Blackburn Hart's Farm, Bartholomew County, Indiana, not included.]

Elijah Pence

ELIJAH PENCE. This well known and honored citizen of Champaign county has -passed practically his entire life in Mad River township, and is a representative of one of the sterling pioneer families of the county. That -the name became identified with the annals of Champaign county at an 'early period in its history is evident from the.very fact that our subject was born here nearly eighty years, ears ago, and he is particularly entitled to representation in this work, which has to dO with those' who have been -the founders and builders of the' county.

Mr. Pence was born in Mad' River' township on the gth of May, 1823, being the son of Henry Pence, who was' born in Shenandoah county, Virginia, her he was reared to maturity and where occurred his marriage to Elizabeth Mouser, who was likeWise born in the Old Dominion state. Henry Pence was the son of Lewis Pence, who was one of the first settlers in Champaign county, as was also John Pence, who was his cousin. Both settled in Mad River township, taking up government land and reclaiming farms in the heavily timbered region. Both the father and the grandfather of .our subject died on the farm which is now his home, the same being located in' section 8. The mother lived to attain the age of sixty-one years. She was a daughter of John *Mouser, who likewise was one of the pioneer settlers of this connty-. Henry arid Elizabeth Pence became' the parents of two sons' and three daughters, the subject of this sketch having been the thii-d child- and the elder of the two sons. All the children were born on the old homestead farm where he now lives and all attained years of maturity and were married.

Elijah Pence grew up under the discipline of the pioneer ,farm, stead, early beginning to contribute his quota to the strenuous toil demanded in the reclamation and cultivation of the land, and receiving such educational discipline as was afforded in the primitive schools of the early days. He remained at the parental home until his marriage, in 1849, and he then located on a tract of land which he had purchased. in this township, there retaining his residence for about two years, at the expiration of which he disposed of his property and removed to Fayette county, Iowa, where he purchased a tract of land and there. engaged in agricultural pursuits for a period of about fifteen years. He then removed to Audrain county, Missouri, where he purchased a farm, but he disposed of the same about eighteen months later and returned to Iowa, locating in Washington county, where he purchased a farm and there continued to reside for fifteen years, at the expiration of which lie came to Champaign county once more, here effecting the purchase of his present fine homestead, which was the place of his birth, the land. having been taken up by John Pence. Our subject has made the best, of improvements on the old homestead, including a residence which is one of the best farm dwellings in the county. Mr. Pence now rents his farm and has practically retired from active labor, enjoying, in .his venerable age, that quiet and dignified repose which is the just reward. of years of earnest toil and endeavor. In -politics he gives a stanch support to the principles and policies of the Republican party, and both he and his wife have long been devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal church.

On the 8th of June, 1849, Mr. Pence was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth J. Markley, who was born in Maryland, whence her parents emigrated to Champaign county when she was about three years of age. Her father, Andrew Markley, was born in Maryland in the year 1800, and he died when about thirty years of age. His wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Garloch, was likewise born in Maryland, . and she survived him many years, passing away at the age of sixty-eight. Mrs. Pence was the youngest in a family of four sons and two daughters and is the only survivor of the family. Our subject and his wife are the oldest couple in Mad River township, and they have been companions on the pathway of life for more than half a century. They are held in the highest esteem in the community, where their friends are in number as their acquaintances. They have no children.

[From: A Centennial Biographical History of Champaign County (New York and Chicago, Lewis and Company. 1902), 72-74.

Simon W. Whitmore

SIMON W. WHITMORE. Of the pioneer families which have materially contributed to the• prosperity of Champaign county, and particularly to that of Mad River township is the one represented by S. W. 'Whitmore. They have ever been peaceful, law-abiding citizens, industrious, just and conscientious in all their transactions, and their name and record is still untarnished. John Whitmore, the grandfather of our subject, was born in Rockingham county, Virginia, -March 4, 1776. In 1802, howevcv, he left his southern home. for the Buckeye state, locating on the farm on which our subject now resides, and here his death occurred on the 17th of September, 1850. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. His wife, Elizabeth (PENCE) Whitmore was also a native of the Old Dominion, her birth occurring on the 8th of February, 1777, and she reached the age of more than three score years and ten.

Jacob Whitmore, their son and the father of our subject, was born in the old family home in Virginia, but when only two years of age, in 1802, was brought by his parents to Champaign county, Ohio. He was here married to Catherine Zimmerman, who was born in this county December 20, 1807, and their wedding was celebrated on the 24th of March, 1826. Her father, George Zimmerman, came from Virginia, the state of his birth, to Champaign county, Ohio, when but a boy. He. was one of the first to follow the blacksmith's trade in the county, and he also 'erected and operated a sawmill, known as the Zimmerman mill. His death occurred about 1845. The Whitmore family is of German descent, the paternal great-grandfather of our subject having emigrated to Amer- •ca from that country, and on his arrival here he took up his abode in Shenandoah county, Virginia. The maternal great-grandfather was also a native of the fatherland. The marriage of Jacob and Catherine (Zimmerman) Whitthore resulted in the birth of seven children, five daughters and two sons, as follows ; Eliza Jane, deceased; Barbara A., the wife of Charles Dagger, a prominent farmer of Concord township, Champaign county; Sarah j., the wife of Mathew Barger, a prominent ,business 'man of Concord township; Elizabeth, the wife of Leonard. Barger, who is living retired in Johnson township, this county ; Simon W., of this review ; Joseph M., who died at the age of four years ; and one, the twin of Barbara, who died in infancy. The father of this family passed away in death on his old home farm in Mad River township on the 17th of September, 1850, and his wife was called to her final rest when she had reached the age of eighty-four years.

Simon W. Whitmore, whose name introduces this review, was born on the old homestead farm in this county on the 16th of May, 1835, and during his youth enjoyed the educational advantages afforded by the primitive log school house of the neighborhood, which he was permitted to attend about five months during the year, while for a time he was also a student in the subscription schools. Remaining with his parents until his marriage, he then located on a tract of sixty acres in Concord township, but two years later returned to this locality, and with the exception of the time there spent he has continually made his home in Mad River township. After his return here he located on his father's old homestead, and after the latter's death purchased the interests of the remaining heirs, thus becoming the owner of one hundred and sixty acres of land. About 1872 he disposed of this property and purchased the old homestead which his grandfather had located on first coming to the county, about 1802, and here he now owns one hundred and ninety-seven acres of rich and productive land. His life has been well spent, and in business affairs he has been rewarded by a well merited competence.

December 25, 186o, Mr. Whitmore was united in marriage to Elizabeth Wiant, who was born in Mad River township,. Champaign county, November 7, 1840, a daughter of Brightbury and Jerusha' (Ward) Wiant, prominent early settlers of the locality. Mrs. Whitmore's grandfather, John Wiant, was one of the first tanners in Champaign county. He was born in Virginia and died in Mad RiYer township, this county, at about seventy-five years of age. Five children have been born unto the union of Simon and Elizabeth (Wiant) Whitmore, three daughters and two sons, as follows: Sylvia Ida, the wife of Ross • Wiant, a prominent farmer of Champaign .county, and they have three. living children,—Warren, Brightbury and Simon Marley. Minnie' Ulva is the wife of Daniel S. Sibert, of Newton county, Missouri, and they are the parents of three children,—Grace, Jenefer and Frank W. Sainuel B. W. married Ora E. Neff and resides on the old homestead. They have one son, Simon Joe. Dottie M. is the wife of William Gumpert, of• Concord township, and has two children,--Lillian E. and Harold Whitmore. Harry D. A. is still at home with his parents, Since attaining to mature years Mr. Whitmore has given his political support to the Democracy, and although he is at all times a public- spirited and progressive citizen he has never sought or desired the emoluments of public office, preferring to give his undivided time to his business interests. 'He is one of the valued members of the Myrtle Tree Baptist church. His sterling worth commands the respect and confidence of all, and he is one of the valued members of his native county.

[From: A Centennial Biographical History of Champaign County (New York and Chicago, Lewis Publishing Company 1902), 314-317.

Peter Pence

It will inevitably be found, if an examination be made into the records of self-made men, that untiring industry forms the basis of their success. It is true that many other elements enter in, such as fortitude, perseverance, keen discernment and honesty of purpose which enable one to recognize business opportunities: but the foundation of all worthy achievement is earnest, persistent labor. The gentleman whose name forms the caption of this article recognized these facts early in life and did not seek to gain any short or magical method to the goal of prosperity. On the contrary he began to work earnestly and diligently in order to advance himself along laudable lines and from an humble beginning he became one of the leading agriculturists and stock raisers in Parke county. Mr. Pence is one of the venerable and highly esteemed citizens of this locality, now living in quiet retirement at his cozy home in Rockville, enjoying the respite due a long and strenuous career. He is one of the veterans of what is universally conceded to be the greatest war of all history, having served his country most faithfully during her darkest hours.

Peter Pence was born in Florida township, Parke county, Indiana, September 3, 1844, the son of Andrew and Sarah (Bloomhuff) Pence.

Peter Pence grew to manhood on the home farm and there he assisted with the general work about the place when of proper age, and he received a good practical country school education. About this period the great Civil war commenced, and although but eighteen years of age, he enlisted in 1863, in the Eleventh Indiana Cavalry, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Regiment, and served two years or until the close of the war, seeing considerable hard service in a number of important campaigns and battles, including the sanguinary engagements at Franklin and Nashville, Tennessee, also many skirmishes, in all of which he conducted himself as becomes a gallant American soldier.

After receiving an honorable discharge, Mr. Pence returned to his home in Parke county and took up farming on his own account in Wabash and Florida townships, and later in Adams township.

Mr. Pence was married on October 22, 1871, to Catherine Hixon, who was born in Parke county, Indiana, April 23, 1850, a native of Wabash township, where her people were well known and influential, her parents being James and Eliza (Wannamaugher) Hixon, the father a native of Parke county, Indiana, born August 31, 1824, and her mother was born in Ohio April 20, 1825. James Hixon was accidentally killed at Mecca bridge, September 30, 1892. Mrs. Eliza Hixon died in Terre Haute, Indiana, December 29, 1909, at the advanced age of eighty-four years, eight months and nine days. . .Mrs. Pence is one of five children living, five others having died in childhood.

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Pence went to housekeeping in Florida township, this county, and they soon ranked among the leading farmers of the same, laying by a comfortable competency as the years advanced. They lived in Wabash township from 1878 to 1903, when they retired from active life and removed to their commodious home in Rockville, where they have since lived, enjoying the fruits of their former years of toil and endeavor, but retaining their fine farm in Wabash township.

One child has blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Pence, Ellis Pence, who lives on the home farm in Wabash township, where he is making a pronounced success as a farmer and stock raiser. He married Mollie Hardin, who was born in Montgomery county, Indiana. They have had eight children, seven of whom are now living, namely: Helen, Madge Marie, Murl Eliza, Catherine, Margaret (deceased), Maynard Hardin, Alice Lavear, and Marie Louise.

Mr. and Mrs. Pence belong to the Methodist Episcopal church, of which they are liberal supporters. Politically, he is a stanch Republican, but has never sought public honors, though he was trustee of Wabash township for two terms, giving eminent satisfaction to all concerned in this capacity. Fraternally, he belongs to the Knights of Pythias. He is a man of scrupulous honesty, public spirit, hospitable and a pleasant m

From: History of Parke and Vermillion Counties, Indiana: With Historical Sketches of Representative Citizens and Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families (Indianapolis, Indiana: B. F. Bowen & Company, 1913), 485-7.

William Spinning Morris

William Spinning Morris was born near Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, February 17, 1811, a son of Benjamin and Mary (Spinning) Morris. The Morris family came originally from England. Isaac Morris, the grandfather of our subject, lived in Morristown, New Jersey, prior to and during the Revolutionary war, and during that contest he served as a private with the minute men of the Morris county, New Jersey. militia. He married Rebecca Hathaway and they became the parents of five sons and two daughters, of whom Benjamin, born February 20, 1774, was the second child. At the close of the Revolutionary war the family removed to the Northwest Territory, as Ohio was then called. The route chosen was by way of Pennsylvania, and several weeks were required in making the overland journey through the wilderness and over the mountains to Redstone, near Pittsburg.

After tarrying there for a few months they embarked on a, flatboat with all their possessions and floated down the Ohio river,. landing at Columbia, near Cincimiati, in the year 1790. This site was afterward abandoned because of the frequent overflow of the river, and they went north ten or twelve miles to a place called Round Bottom, on the Little Miami river. In order to protect themselves against the Indians they at once began the erection of a fort. Benjamin Morris, then sixteen years of age, assisted in its construction. A small patch of ground was cleared and such grain as they had brought with them. was planted. While at work, whether sowing or reaping, two men were kept on duty as sentinels, yet the settlement suffered from occasional attacks by the Indians until after General Wayne's successful campaign in 1795. To add to their hardships smallpox broke out among them and carried off several of their number, including the young wife and infant child of Benjamin Morris. He had married a Miss Tichener.

Jacob, the eldest son of Isaac Morris, joined St. Clair's forces against the Indians: and was among the victims of that awful defeat. When General Wayne was organizing his army Benjamin Morris removed. from the fort and enlisted as a pack-horse man, thus taking part in the campaign. After peace' had been established Isaac and Benjamin Morris removed from the fort. The former purchased a tract of land about four miles west of Lebanon, Warren county. He died in his eighty-eighth year. He was. a man of small stature and somewhat original in his religious views.

Benjamin Morris bought a farm a short distance north of that purchased by his father and occupied it throughOut his remaining days. He wedded, for his second wife, Mary Spinning, a daughter of Matthias and Hannah (Haines) Spinning, who lived about two miles west of Lebanon. The Spinnings trace their ancestry to Humphrey Spinning, who came to America. in 1639 with the Puritans. He was one of the founders of Elizabeth, New Jersey, in the year 1665. He was married October 14, 1657, to Abigail, daughter of George and Mary Hubbard, and his death occurred in 1689. He was the father of nine children, six sons and three daughters, including Edward, the father of Matthias Spinning. The last-named was born in the year 1750 and died in 1830. He had three brothers and two sisters, including Judge Isaac Spinning, of Montgomery county, Ohio. Matthias Spinning was a quiet and peaceable man of sterling worth. He served in the Revolutionary war as a private minute man of the Essex county, New Jersey, militia, and suffered much for the cause of American liberty. He and his brother Isaac were captured and carried to New York, where they were confined for several months within the loathsome walls of what was called the Sugar House, famous as a place of confinement for the American prisoners of war.

The children of Benjamin and Mary (Spinning) Morris were ten in number-- five sons and five daughters, of whom the subject of this review was the eighth in order of birth. The father died in 1861 at the home of this son, near Bellbrook, Greene county, whither he had come on a visit. After the death of his wife, Mary Spinning, he had married again, the third union being with Sarah Weaver, of White county, Tennessee.

The subject of this sketch was born on his father's farm, where his boyhood days were also spent. His educational privileges were those afforded by the common schools. The first schoolhouse in which he was a student was a log structure with slab seats. Sections of the logs were. cut out and the apertures covered with greased paper, which, served as windows. Writing desks were made of slabs laid on pins driven into the M.O. Only quill pens were used. His early education was afterward supplemented by study in the schools of Lebanon, Ohio. Mr.. Morris was a good student in all branches,. but showed particular aptness in mathematics and geography. He began teaching school at the age of twenty years and followed that profession for eleven years, Mostly in Warren and Butler counties, Ohio, with a short period in Richmond, Indiana. During that time he also studied civil engineering and land surveying, and in the former capacity was employed on the Warren county canal for about three years. About 1838,. in connection with others, he surveyed the road from Lebanon to Dayton, also from Dayton to Springfield.

On the 1st of December, 1844, Mr. Morris \vas united in marriage with Mary Pence,. a (laughter of William and Martha (Hunt) Pence. 'He then gave all of his attention to farming and land surveying. In 1858 he purchased a farm of one hundred and seventy acres near Bellbrook, Greene county, to which. place he and his family removed the same year and on which he spent his remaining days. Politically he was first a Whig and then a Republican. In early life he became a member of the Church of Christ, or Disciples' church, as did his' wife,. and throughout the years of his Christian life he was deeply interested in church Work and much devoted to the denomination of his choice. In his home life and personal deportment he was gentle and good, and also showed firmness and resolution. He was the father of twelve children, of whom two sons. William Hayden and Benjamin Franklin. died in infancy, while one daughter. Lucy Elvira. died in early childhood and two others, Clara and Abbie, died in young womanhood. Two sons and five daughters grew to maturity. For these he made every necessary sacrifice to educate and make useful men and women of them. In all this he was ably seconded by his wife. who was ever ready to surrender her own personal comfort that her children might equip themselves as thoroughly as possible for the hattle of life.

Through his declining years Mr. Morris spent much of his time in reading. • At eighty-seven his mental faculties remained unimpaired and he was interested not only in things pertaining to the welfare of his own neighborhood but shared with intelligent appreciation in the larger interests of the country and humanity. Hie died April 3. 1898, and his wife died October 11, 188u. Their surviving children were: Olive and Wickliffe Campbell, who reside na the old home place. and the latter has two daughters. Bertha Lucile and Frances: Martha. who became the wife of Samuel E. Raper of Dayton, Ohio, and died June 7, 1899, leaving one son, William Morris Raper; Mary Alice. who became the wife of J. Wilbur Fulkerson of Spring Valley. Ohio. and died October 13, 1901. leaYing an infant son. Morris A. Fulkerson; Lucy, the wife of W. Calvin Williamson, who resides near Bellbrook, and by whom! she has a son. Calvin Morris: Clara Jerusha, the wife of Frank C. Thomas, who resides near Spring Valley and by whom she had four children—Olive. now deceased, Homer Morris, George Huber and Margaret; William Spencer, of Dayton, who -married Luella A. Scarf and has two sons, William Stanley and Howard Laverne.

From: George F. Robinson, History of Green County, Ohio (Chcago: S. J. Clark Publishing Company, 1902), 846-848

John Pence

In 1838 John Pence located in the woods southeast of Rochester on the site of his present fine farm. Red men were then roaming all over this county and where our beautiful city now stands, the deep sigh of the forest oaks was heard instead of the hum of industry in all its branches. Mr. Pence cleared a farm, sold wood for 25 cents per load, eggs at 3 cents per doz and is today well enough supplied with this world's goods to give him peace and plenty for the rest of his life. Last Monday was his 70th birthday and his children and friends planned a surprise party on him . . . . One hundred and forty-seven guests sat down to the well filled tables. . . . .

From: The Rochester Sentinel, Rochester, Fulton County, Indian, Wednesday, October 27, 1886.

Jacob B. Pence

J. B. PENCE, the efficient and well known Sheriff of Marshall County, Iowa, who makes his home in the city of Marshalltown, claims Pennsylvania as the state of his nativity. He was born near the town of Fulton, in Fulton County, February 25, 1844, and is a son of Jacob and Margaret (Smith) Pence, who were also born in the Keystone State. The father was a farmer by occupation, and in the spring of 1845 he removed to Rock Island County, Ill., where he purchased land and carried on agricultural pursuits until his death, which occurred in April 1863. His wife passed away in September, 1862. The subject of this sketch acquired his education in the district and high schools, and in 1863 he entered the service of his country as one of the boys in blue of Company H, Forty-fifth Illinois Infantryy. The regiment was assigned to the Seventeenth Army Corps, under General Logan. He bore a part in the siege of Atlanta and the operations before Goldsboro. Mr. Pence remained in the service until the close of the war, when, in July, 1865, he was honorably discharged. He then returned to his home in Rock Island County, where he spent the two succeeding years of his life. At the expiration of that period he came to this county, and located in Greencastle Township, where he embarked in general farming and stock-raising. He also embarked in the hardware business in Gilman, in connection with H. Sutherland, under the firm name of Sutherland & Pence. He was instrumental in organizing the canning company in Gilman, was elected its first President, and held that office for some time. Under able management the business has prospered to a remarkable degree, and facilities have been increased until it is now one of the largest canning factories in the state. On the 7th of January, 1869, Mr. Pence was joined in wedlock with Miss Anna Marts, of Rock Island County, Ill., a daughter of George Marts. Unto them have been born three children: Margaret, Edith and Etta. All the children have had good educational advantages. Mr. Pence has led a busy and useful life, yet has found time to serve his fellow-townsmen in positions of public trust. He is a stanch Republican and a recognized leader of the party, and 1n 1891 was elected on that ticket as Sheriff of Marshall County. He entered upon the duties of the office January 1, 1892, and in November, 1893, was re-elected, and is still filling the position. He has served as a member of the School Board, and was its Treasurer for a number of years. He has also served as a Township Trustee for a number of years, and has taken quite an active part in local politics, doing all in his power to promote the interests of his party. Ever prompt and faithful in the discharge of his public duties, he has won the commendation of all concerned. Socially he is a Knight Templar, and is a member of Farragut Post No. 95, G.A.R., of Gilman. Prominent in the political and business interests of this community, Mr. Pence is recognized as a valued citizen, and well deserves representation in this volume. He is a genial, popular gentleman, and throughout the community in which he makes his friends are many.

From: Portrait and Biographical Record of Jasper, Marshall and Grundy Counties, Iowa, Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens of the Counties (Chicago: Biographical Publishing, 1894), 216-217.

Alexader Pence

ALEXANDER PENCE. Bringing to his independent calling excellent judgment and good business methods, Alexander Pence, of Paw Paw township, is numbered among the extensive landholders of Wabash county, his home farm being situated about a mile from Roann, on the south bank of Eel creek, on the county line, and containing one hundred and thirty-seven acres, while on the north' side of the river, in Perry township, Miami county, he owns a tract of land containing three hundred and ten acres. He was born, February 16, 1863, in Preble county, Ohio, a son of Thomas B. Pence, and grandson of William H. Pence, pioneers of Indiana.

William H. Pence was born and bred in Rockingham county, Virginia, of colonial ancestry. Soon after his first marriage he settled in Ohio, where he lived a number of years. His eldest son, being infected with the Western fever, persuaded him to come to Indiana to look for land that might prove a wise investment. Coming direct to Wabash county, he bought the Dukes farm, now included in the farm of his grandson, Alexander Pence, but not liking this section of the country as a place of residence he went back to Ohio. He was subsequently taken ill, and his son, Thomas B. Pence, then residing in Wabash county, went back to Ohio to nurse him. He then made arrangements for Thomas to buy for him the farm belonging to William Duke, and he afterward came with his daughter Sarah to Paw Paw township, and here lived until his death, at a good old age, his death having been accidental, caused by injuries received when a log rolled over him. He was five times married, and reared six children.

A native of Ohio, Thomas B. Pence was brought up and married in Ohio. In 1865, accompanied by his wife and children, he came to Indiana, and settled just across the river from Wabash county, in Miami county, with his father-in-law, Abraham Yost, buying from George Butterbaugh the tract of land in Perry township now owned by his son Alexander, his only child. About one-half of the land had been cleared when he bought it, and in addition to the house that stood upon it there was a large barn, 40 feet by 80 feet, that was almost new. The buildings have since been remodeled, the house, with its thirteen rooms, being one of the largest farm houses in Miami county. The original barn burned, and has been replaced by the present owner with a two-story structure, 40 feet by 80 feet, with a shed 41 feet by 60 feet, the whole costing about $2,700. It is a very fine building, and the second largest barn in the county. Thomas B. Pence occupied that farm until their son married, when they turned it over to him, and moved to the farm now occupied by the son, where both spent their remaining days, Mr. Thomas Pence dying October 6, 1901, aged sixty-eight years, while his wife passed away January 17, 1913, aged seventy years, and one day. But two years old when his parents settled in Indiana, Alexander Pence obtained his elementary education in the district school at Stockdale, after which he attended the public schools of Indianapolis two years. After his marriage he assumed possession of the parental home-stead in Miami county, and was there engaged in agricultural pursuits until after the death of his father, when he moved to his present residence, in order to look after his mother and her property. A diligent worker, enterprising and progressive, Mr. Pence is continually adding to the value of his estate by improvements, and in addition to carrying on general farming most successfully ships two car loads of hogs each year, and also ships cattle, horses and sheep. He makes a specialty of breeding a fine grade of stock, including Durham cattle.

Mr. Pence is a man of rare business ability and judgment, and is connected with various beneficial enterprises. He is a charter member of the Wabash Trust Company, of which he has been a director since its organization, and of which he is now vice-president, having succeeded Charles D. Baer. He is also a stockholder, a director, and the treasurer, of the Roann Telephone Company, a director of the Wabash Service Motor Truck Company, and has various other interests of a similar nature.

Mr. Pence married, March 24, 1895, Emma Shillinger, a daughter of George and Lydia (Seitner) Shillinger, early settlers of Roann, where both spent their last years. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have one child, Thomas B. Pence, who was named for his grandfather.

Although Mr. Pence obtained his education mainly by reading, observation, and contact with the business world, he is well informed on the leading topics of the day. He takes a keen interest in politics, but has never been an office seeker. He has several times been solicited by his friends to become a candidate for office, but has invariably declined. At the democratic convention of 1912, when all indications pointed to-wards a victory for his party; his name was proposed on the floor of the convention hall for county treasurer. He declined, but had the honor of naming for a candidate in his own place a young man from his own township, and had the pleasure of seeing him elected to the office. During the many years he has lived in this vicinity, Mr. Pence has seen the country develop from a wilderness to a rich, rolling prairie, one of the finest farming communities in this part of the state. Few if any are better known in Wabash and Miami counties than Alexander Pence, and none are held in higher respect and esteem. He has ever been a busy man, but he has found time for the finer things of life, and along with other qualities and virtues has inherited a polish and culture that bespeaks his southern ancestry.

From: The History of Wabash County, Indiana : A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People, and Its Principal Interests (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1914), 689-691.

Ellis Pence

ELLIS PENCE, merchant, Sardinia. Ellis Pence, the leading merchant of Sardinia, was born near Hillsboro, Highland Co., Ohio, September 25, 1851. His father, George Pence, was born in Highland County February 28, 1816, and was a son of Henry and Catharine Pence, who were natives of Pennsylvania and early pioneers of Highland' County, where the former died at a very advanced age. His mother, Catharine Wilkin, was born July 15, 1819. Her parents, Philip and Polly Wilkin, were born in Pennsylvania, and removed to Highland County, Ohio; prior to the late war with Great Britain. Mr. Wilkin was a soldier in that war, as also was Mr. Pence. He died, and Mrs. Wilkin still occupies the old homestead, near Hillsboro. Mr. Pence, the subject of this sketch, is the third son of a family of eight children, four of whom are living. He was reared to manhood on his father's farm, and acquired his education in the Hillsboro High Schools and in Tiffin College, of Tiffin, Ohio. In June, 1873, he retired from college, and engaged in the profession of teaching, which he followed successfully for seven years - from 1870 to 1877. He also taught vocal music for the same length of time in connection with his other business. In August, 1878, he removed to Sardinia, and formed partnership with J. C. West, with the style of the firm as West & Pence, and embarked in the mercantile business. They did business together till January 26, 1881, when the firm dissolved, and Mr. Pence resumed merchandising alone, which he has pursued with fine success. He carries a fine stock of general merchandise to the amount of about $5,000, and does an annual trade of $10,000. Mr. Pence celebrated his marriage November 17, 1876, with Miss Margaret L. Langley, a native of Highland County, where she was horn March 17, 1854. She is a daughter of La Fayette and Susan E. Langley. The former was born in Pennsylvania .June 4, 1825, and the latter in Kentucky February 18, 1832. They were married in Highland County November 7, 1850. Three children were the fruits of this union - John T. (born March 16, 1852), Margaret L. (now Mrs. Pence) and Isaac N. (born January 25, 1858). Mr. Pence and his lady are members of the Reformed Church, but in Sardinia they associate with the M. E. Church. Mr. Pence is a gentleman of high moral character, sterling integrity and upright business principles, and he and his estimable wife have won many friends in Sardinia.

Source: Portrait and biographical Sketches, Brown County, Ohio, 291.

Daniel Pence

DANIEL PENCE, farmer, P. O. Aberdeen, was born in Sprig Township, Adams County, Ohio, in the year 1830, and is a son of Aaron and Elizabeth (Moore) Peirce, who were probably born in Adams County, Ohio. Peter Pence was a native of Pennsylvania and settled in Adams County in a very early day, and among the first settlers of the County, where the family lived a number of years. Aaron Pence made it his home, where he died in 1862. His wife is still living. They were parents of ten children, of whom only our subject lives in Brown County. He was reared on the firm, and only received a limited education. At the age of eighteen years, he came to this county and became engaged in farming. He was married to Naomi, the daughter of Jacob Flaugher, whose sketch appears in this work. After his marriage, he settled in Adams County, where he remained for two years, and afterwards lived in Brown Genus and Kentucky, and in 1859 he came to where he now resides. He owns 135 acres of well improved and highly cultivated land. He has been Trustee of his township for two terms, is a member of Aberdeen Lodge, No. 137, I. O. O. F., a charter member of the Encampment, and a member of Gretna Green Lodge, No. 99, K. P. To Mr. and Mrs. Pence have been born six children, namely, Elizabeth A., Medaline, Mary C., David G., Susan, and Parthenia, deceased. Mrs. Pence was born where she now lives, in the year 1824. Mr. Pence has affiliated with the Democratic party upon all questions at issue.

Source: Portrait and biographical Sketches, Brown County, Ohio, 174.

John Quincy Adams Pence

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS PENCE farmer and stock dealer, residing in Salem township, where he owns the old Pence homestead of eighty acres, was born at Springfield, O., September 14, 1850, and is a son of Jesse G. and Elizabeth (Bare) Pence.

Jesse G. Pence was born in Virginia and came to Ohio in early manhood. In 1861 he moved on tile farm above mentioned, coming from Tremont, Clark county, a pioneer settler in this section. He was married in Ohio to Elizabeth Bare, who was born in Pennsylvania.

For many years they lived in Salem township, Shelby county, quiet farming people, good neighbors and consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal church. When they passed away in the course of nature, they were laid to rest in the cemetery at Port Jefferson. They had the following children: Samuel B., John Q. A., Hosea, Louisa, Lucinda and Emanuel. Louisa became the wife of Jay Smith, and Lucinda married J. McCormick.

John Quincy Adams Pence had district school advantages and afterward remained assisting his father on the home farm until the latter's death. For eleven years following he worked on farms by the month and then bought the old homestead, and all told has since spent thirty years here engaging in general farming and also dealing in stock. Mr. Pence was married in 1880 to Miss Sarah E. Kizer, a daughter of Philip and Phoebe Kizer, who were farmers in Champaign county. Mrs. Pence is the sixth of their children, the others being: John Joseph; James; Elizabeth, wife of John Hesselgesser; Catherine, wife of Edwin Russell; Matilda, deceased; Etta, wife of Tobias Foltz; Lillie, wife of John Philips; and George. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have one son, Forrest K., of Zanesville, O., who married Bertha Price, and they have a daughter, Dorothy Louise. Mr. Pence and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. In voting with the republican party, Mr. Pence follows the. example set him by his honored father.

A. B. C. Hitchcock, History of Shelby County, Ohio (Chicago, Illinois: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company, 1913), 757.


W. O. PENCE a well-known resident and successful general farmer of Shelby county, lives on his well-improved farm of forty acres which lies seven and one-half miles southeast of Sidney. He was born in Champaign county, O., in 1876, and is a son of Frederick and Elizabeth (Blackford) Pence.

Frederick Pence belongs to a family that settled early in Champaign county, 0. During the Civil war he enlisted from there and after his honorable period of military service returned to Champaign county and became a farmer but has been a resident of Shelby county for many years and now lives retired at Pasco. He married Elizabeth Blackford and the following children were born to them: Mary Jane, Rhoda Ann, Delilah, Russell, William O., Emma Jane, Minnie Ruth, Naome, Frederick, Hattie, Harry, a babe that died in infancy and all the others survive with the exception of Mary Jane and Russell.

William O. Pence was educated in the public schools and afterward assisted on the home farm and in other sections of the county engaged in farm industries until his marriage, when he settled on the farm he now owns, on which he carries on a general line of agriculture. He is an industrious, capable farmer and so manages his land and stock that both prove profitable.

Mr. Pence married Miss Alma A. Moore, a daughter of George W. Moore, an old settler of Shelby county, and they have two children; Delia and Forrest, aged respectively twenty and eighteen years. In his political views Mr. Pence is a democrat and once served his township in the office of road supervisor but otherwise has accepted no public once.

A. B. C. Hitchcock, History of Shelby County, Ohio (Chicago, Illinois: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company, 1913), 757.

David Amos Beaty

DAVID A. BEATY, who owns and operates one hundred and thirty -five acres of good land on section 9, Rozetta Township, is one of the early settlers of Henderson County, and since 1851 has resided upon his present farm. His time and attention are given to the cultivation of his land and to stock-raising, and by his well directed efforts he has become one of the well-to-do citizens of the community.

Mr. Beaty is a native of Champaign County, Ohio, born October 4, 1818, The family is of Irish lineage. His father, William Beaty, was a native of Berkeley County, Va. The mother bore the maiden name of Mary Pence. They had three children: David: Rachel, who is living in Oquawka; and Israel, who died in 1870. The mother of this family having passed away, Mr. Beaty `was again married, and by his second union had seven children: George, who died in Illinois; Ira; Sarah, now deceased; and four who died in early childhood. The family came to the West about 1830, making the journey by team, and William Beaty entered one hundred and sixty acres of land from the Government in Henderson County, paying the usual price of $1.25 per acre. He then built a log cabin, and in true pioneer style those early days were passed. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and in early life was a Democrat, but after the organization of the Republican party he joined its ranks. He served in the War of 1812, and was always a valued citizen. He served as one of the first Supervisors of his township, helped to lay out the roads, and aided in the organization of the school district. On the farm which he had developed his death occurred May 18, 1869.

David Beaty whose name heads this record grew to manhood in the township which is now his home, and attended its subscription schools, which were held in a log schoolhouse. Although his advantages in this direction were quite limited, his training at farm labor was not meagre, for at an early age he began to follow the plow, and soon became familiar with farm work in all its departments. He continued under the parental roof until twenty-two years of age, when he began to earn his own livelihood by chopping wood and making rails. The following year he rented land, and then purchased eighty acres of land, a part of the farm on which he now resides, the purchase price being $200. There were no improvements upon the place, but he at once began its development and continued its cultivation until 1850, when he went to California, making the overland journey with ox-teams. There were seven teams in the party and twenty-eight men. They crossed the river at the site of the present city of Omaha, and after five months of travel reached Hangtown .

Mr. Beaty then engaged in prospecting and mining, and remained on the Pacific Slope for about a year. He then started on the return trip, traveling by steamer to Mexico. He made the journey on foot from the City of Mexico to Vera Cruz, where he again boarded a vessel. On once more reaching Henderson County, he resumed farming, and has since made it his exclusice occupation.

On the 20th Of December, 1842, Mr. Beaty was united in marriage with Miss Abigail Roberts, and to them were born eight children, but onlythree are now living: Adolphus, a blacksmith residing in Rozetta; Florence, wife of Harry Patterson, editor of the Democrat, of Oquawka; and Phoebe, wife of Jacob Kirkhart, of Warren County, Iowa.

Mr. Beaty cast his first Presidential vote for William Henry Harrison, and since the organization of the Republican party has been one of its stanch advocates. He has traveled over much of this country, and his life has been an eventful one, filled with many interesting experiences. His career, too, has always been upright and honorable, and in this community he has many warm friends.

From: Portrait and Biographical Record of Hancock, McDonough and Henderson Counties, Illinois (Chicago: Lake City Publishing Co., 1894).

Ira W. Beaty

IRA W. BEATY was born on the farm where he is now living, on section 17, Rozetta Township, Henderson County, on the 7th of October, 1834, and is justly numbered among the honored pioneers of the community. Few men have longer resided in this locality. He has witnessed almost its entire growth and development, has seen its wild lands transformed into beautiful homes and farms, and watched with interest the advance of progress and civilization, which has placed the county among the foremost in this great commonwealth. The father of our subject, William Beaty, was an native of Virginia. When a young man he left that State, removing to Ohio, and some years later he became a resident of Indiana, where he remained until the spring of 1830, when he came to Henderson County, locating at the fort about two miles from his present farm. In the same spring he made a claim, becoming owner of one hundred and sixty acres of land on section 17, Rozetta Township, where our subject now resides. He paid the usual Government price, $1.25 per acre, and at once began clearing it of the timber with which it was largely covered. He erected a log cabin, 18x22 feet, and this primitive home is still standing, one of the few landmarks of pioneer days that yet remain.

At that time the Indians still lived in the neighborhood, and frequently occasioned considerable trouble with the settlers. Mr. Beaty served in the Black Hawk War, which resulted in driving the red men from this locality. He made a trip with ox-teams to St. Louis for provisions, and experienced many of the other difficulties of frontier life. In an early day he was interested in the organization of the township, aided in laying out the roads, and in organizing the first school of the neighborhood. He held the office of School Treasurer and School Director, supported the Republican party, and was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Beaty was twice married. He first wedded Mary Pence, and to them were born three children: David, Rachel, and Ezra, who is now deceased. After the death of his first wife, he married Jane T. Russell, and they had six children: Ira W.; Eli., of Mediapolis, Iowa; John and George, both deceased; Sarah, who died in 1872; and Mary, who died in infancy. The father of this family passed away May 18, 1868, and his remains were interred in the Baptist Cemetery of Rozetta Township. His wife is still living, in her eighty- eighth year.

Within the boundaries of the home farm Ira W. Beaty passed his boyhood days midst play and work. His education was acquired in the subscription schools, which he attended until nineteen years of age, when he and his brothers took charge of the old homestead. In connection with his brother George, he owns the original tract of one hundred and sixty acres, and has an addition to this land to the amount of one hundred and fifty-three acres. The entire farm is under the personal supervision of our subject. The land is a valuable tract, under a high state of cultivation, and is improved with all the accessories and conveniences of a model farm. In connection with general farming he also carries on stock-raising.

During the late war, Ira Beaty manifested his loyalty to the Government by enlisting in the Union service, on the 8th of August, I862, as a private of Company K, Eighty-fourth Illinois Infantry. He was mustered in at Biggsville, and going to the front took part in the battles of PerryvilIe, Stone River, Woodbury, Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Dalton, Buzzard's Roost, Resaca, Burnt Hickory, Kennesaw Mountain, Smyrna, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, Franklin and Nashville, and many others of lesser importance. When the war was over he was honorably discharged from the service in Springfield, Ill.,June 8, 1865. His brother George, who was six years his junior, was always his companion through life. They attended school together, enlisted the same time, in the same company, and were in all the battles together. When the war was over they returned home and then engaged in business together. George was married February 29, 1872, to Miss Susan Helton, and they all lived upon the same farm, the brothers continuing their business partnership until the death of George Beaty, March 28, I892. He was laid to rest beside his parents, and many warm friends mourned his loss, for he lived an honorable, upright life, and all who knew him respected him. His widow is still living on the old homestead.

Ira W. Beaty holds membership with the Grand Army of the Republic, and the Masonic fraternity. In politics, he has been a Republican since the organization of the party. He possessess good business and executive ability, and in his career he has met with prosperity, becoming one of the substantial citizens of the community. He also manifests all interest in everything pertaining to the welfare of the locality, for the advancement and the progress of his native county are dear to him. George was also a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, in good standing.

Source: Portrait and Biographical Record of Hancock, McDonough and Henderson Counties, Illinois (Chicago: Lake City Publishing Co., 1894).

Jacob Bentz

JACOB BENTZ, who for a number of years was one of the leading general merchants of Clintonville, Waupaca County, senior member of the firm of J. Bentz & Son, has been immigrant, pioneer and merchant. Well educated in Germany, his native land, he came to America to participate in its freedom and opportunities, and after spending years of toil in the undeveloped State of Wisconsin, he in his more mature years became a prosperous and prominent business man.

Mr. Bentz was born in the village of Ingerkingan, Wurtemberg, Germany, January 1, 1839, son of Jacob and Mary (Messler) Bentz, who died when our subject was ten years old. The father was a farmer and brick maker, owning a farm of 100 acres, and reared a family of nine children, as follows: Ulrich, Joseph, John, Jacob, Anton, Francis, Theresa, Crecencia and Mathias, six of whom are now living, all but one being in Germany. Joseph came to America, enlisted at Cincinnati, Ohio, as an artilleryman in the Union army, and died during the war, while still in the service. Jacob Bentz received in his native land a high?school education, studying Latin, Greek and some French, and in 1856, at the age of seventeen years, sailed for America. Landing at New York City, after a voyage of seven weeks, he came directly to Kenosha, W is., where he rented a farm and there engaged in agriculture some three years. In 1861 he married Mary Newhouse (a lady of German descent, whose parents emigrated from Westphalia) and moved to Waukegan, Ill., where he purchased an improved farm of forty acres. Selling out three years later, he bought 123 acres in Bear Creek township, Waupaca Co., Wis., on which tract stood a small log house, and only five acres of the land were cleared. With only rude tools at his command, Mr. Bentz began the arduous work of clearing up this forest grown farm, remaining here until 1 880, when he rented the place and moved to Clintonville. Here he purchased a lot, erected a substantial store building, and stocked it with general merchandise worth about fifteen hundred dollars, which he had gradually increased until he carried about ten thousand dollars' worth of goods, along with his son conducting one of the most prosperous mercantile establishments in the northern part of Waupaca county. On May 20, 1894, he retired from mercantile business, turning the entire concern over to his son, Joseph Bentz, who has since continued it. Mr. Bentz's retirement was caused principally by failing health.

Mrs. Bentz died in 1888, leaving four children; Joseph, mentioned above; Frances, now Mrs. Gustave Humm, of Clintonville; Mary, wife of Mathias Zehrn, of Larrabee township, and Pauline, at home. Mr. Bentz was again united in marriage, July 2, 1889, this time to Catherine Smith, daughter of Michael and Mary (Corrigan) Smith, who emigrated from Ireland to America in 1841, farming for eight years in Fairfield county, Conn.; then in May, 1849, coming to Wisconsin. Sojourning for a short time at Franklin, Milwaukee county, they moved to Caledonia township, where he bought and operated a small farm until 1857, in that year selling it and moving to property he had bought in 1849, an eighty-two acre tract in Dale township, Outagamie county, which was then still in a primitive condition. Here with bear, deer and Indians for near neighbors, Michael Smith cleared his farm of eighty acres and lived until 1880, when he removed to Clintonville. His wife died October 10 1865, leaving four children: Catherine, now Mrs. Bentz; Mary Anna, now Mrs. Mader, and living in Bear Creek, Waupaca Co., Wis.; John and Edward: Mr. Smith now resides with Mr. Bentz. By his second marriage Mr. Bentz has two children, John and Regina.

In politics Mr. Bentz is a Democrat. He is a public?spirited citizen, and has satisfactorily filled many local offices, for two years serving as treasurer of Bear Creek township, Waupaca Co., two years as treasurer of Larrabee township, . and two years as city treasurer of Clintonville; for two years he served on the town board. Himself and family are members of the Catholic Church. In 1886 Mr. Bentz took a threemonths' trip to his native land. He possesses a ripe judgment on business matters, and has stored within his memory a wide range of information. He is one of Waupaca county's most valuable and esteemed citizens.

Commemorative Biographical Record of the Upper Wisconsin Counties: Waupaca, Portage, Wood, Marathon, Oneida, Vilas, Langlade and Shawano (Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co. 1895).

Layfayette (Lafe) Pence

Name: Lafayette (Lafe) Pence

Date of Birth: 23 Dec 1857
Date of Death: 22 Oct 1923
Elected Office: Representative
Elected Date(s): 4 Mar 1893
State: Colorado, Kansas, New York, California, Washington
Country: USA

Biography: a Representative from Colorado; born in Columbus, Bartholomew County, Ind., December 23, 1857; attended the common schools; was graduated from Hanover (Ind.) College in 1877; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1878 and practiced in Columbus, Ind., until September 1879, when he moved to Winfield, Kans.; moved to Rico, Dolores County, Colo., in 1881 and continued the practice of law until 1884; member of the State house of representatives in 1885; settled in Denver in 1885 and continued the practice of law; prosecuting attorney for Arapahoe County in 1887 and 1888; elected as a Populist to the Fifty-third Congress (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress; moved to New York City and engaged in railroad work; returned to Denver and from there moved to San Francisco, Calif., and subsequently to Washington, D.C., and continued the practice of law; also engaged in hydraulic mining in Breckenridge, Colo., and Portland, Oreg.; died in Washington, D.C., October 22, 1923; interment in Garland Brook Cemetery, Columbus, Ind.

From: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2005).

George Monger

GEORGE MONGER, farmer; P. O. Red Lion; born in Rockingham Co., Va., June 6, 1809; is a son of Henry and Elizabeth (Pence) Monger, also natives of Virginia. The grandfather was Henry Monger, who it is believed was born in Maryland. The materna,1 grandfather was Adam Pence, a native of Germany, but emigrated to America in an early day, and both the grandfathers died in Virgina. Henry, the father, was raised to manhood and married and lived in Virginia till the spring of 1817; they emigrated to Ohio and landed at Lebanon in April of that year; he located in Clear Creek Township, where he spent the balance of his life, and died at the place where our subject now lives, aged 68 years. He met with an accident at his blacksmith shop, which caught fire, and in climbing on to the roof to extinguish the fire the roof fell in with him, and the timbers and roof falling on and around him, so injured him as to cause his death in about four years; his wife survived him td. April 9, 1878, when she died, aged 94 years. She lived with her son, our subject, twenty-eight years, twenty-two of which she was blind and a crippie. They had three sons and five daughters, three now survive—George, Anna (now Mrs. Merritt, living in Miami Co., Ohio), and Joseph, in Miami County. Mr. Monger was a blacksmith of great skill in his day, also a cooper and a shoemaker, as well as a farmer. He was a natural mechanic and had tools for almost all kinds of business, which came in good use in that early day. The subject of this sketch was married March 18, 1833, to Mary, daughter of Joseph and Hannah Decker, whose history is given in sketch of Joseph Decker. By this union they have had ten children, who grew to maturity, nine now survive Joseph, John G., Elizabeth, Eli D., David D., Inman, G. William, Hannah and Huldah Jane. Mr. Monger after his marriage located on a farm adjoining the one where he now lives; in 1841, he bought and moved on to his pie* ent farm, where he has since resided. He has spent his whole life sines 8 years of age, on Sections 9 and 10 of Clear Creek Township, a period of 64 years. Mr. Monger started in life with 7 acres of land and $28.40 in money, by his own industry and economy has accumulated nearly 400 acres of goal land; has good buildings and improvements where he lives, which makes a pleasant home and residence, and is one of the most prominent farmers of this township. [From: The History of Warren County, Ohio: containing a history of the county; its townships, towns, schools, churches, etc.; general and local statistics; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; history of the Northwest Territory; history of Ohio; map of Warren County; Constitution of the United States (Chicago: W. H. Beers and Company, 1882), 917-918.]

Rev. John Pence

REV. JOHN PENCE, retired minister; P. O. Tremont City; was born in Rockingnam Co., Va., Dec. 13,1799; is a son of Henry and Catharine (Monger) Pence, natives of Virginia, the grandparents natives of Germany. Adam Pence, the grindfather, emigrated to America at a very early day. He served in the war of the Revolution at intervals during the entire seven years' duration. An incident in the life of this early pioneer and patriot may be of interest to present and future generations. Near tht. close of the war, while he and several others of his companions and messmates were retorting home from a campaign under Gen. Wayne, against the Indians, in the then "North, west," they came to the Ohio River, which was swollen to great dimensions by a freshet. and, having no means of crossing, they constructed a raft capable of carrying two persons across at one time. Mr. Pence and one other companion were the only swinmers, and they had to swim and pilot the raft across by means of a rope, and thus they proceeded, crossing and recrossing five times, taking two persons each time, until the party of 10 persons were safely landed on the opposite shore. This was a very hazardous undertaking, but, by these brave men and patriots, the crossing was safely effected. But.. from this exposure and hardship, Mr. Pence contracted a rheumatic disease, whielt,seven years after, resulted in his death. Thus ended the life of one of America's patriots, sacrificed for the benefit of future generations. Henry and family emigrated to Ohio and located in Warren Co. in 1810, residing there until 1823, when he became a resident of Montgomery Co., where he remained until his death; he died in 1861. His wife lived two months after his death, when she, too, fell asleep in the embrace of death. They were parents of six children; three now survive—John, Elizabeth and Julian. Politically, Mr. Pence was a stanch Democrat; religiously, a Lutheran, and an active member for many years, while his wife was an earnest member of the Reformed Churrh, but without any selfishness, and with a remarkable liberality and love, they always went together to each other's church on Sacrament days, and communed together; this coursethey pursued during their entire lives. Our subject was brought up to farm labor till his majority, then he proceeded to study and prepare for the ministry. He studied three years with Rev. Thomas Winters; at the expiration of this time, on the 16th of Jane, 1824, he passed an examination at New Philadelphia, Ohio, and was ordained for the ministry and entered upon the work, first locating in Clark Co., and has continued in this and adjoining counties till five years ago, when he retired from active work and became a superannuate, having been actively engaged in ministerial work for half a century. He was married, June 27, 1827, to Miss Margaret, daughter. of David and Margaret (Bruner) Jones, he a native of Pennsylvania and she of Maryland; their issue has been nine children; five now survive—Mary Jane, Martha, Margaret Ann, James H. and William A. Mr. Pence has had a long and active life, and has had the pleasure to extend the hand of fellowship to many a traveling mortal, some of whom have already passed on to the "golden shore;" and we trust that when Mr. Pence's life's journey shall be o'er, he will pass triumphantly and receive on the other shore" a crown of

[From: The History of Clark County, Ohio: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc.; general and local statistics; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; history of the Northwest Territory; history of Ohio; map of Clark County; constitution of the United States, miscellaneous matters, etc., etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 1007-1008.]

Valentine Pence

VALENTINE PENCE, farmer and millwright; P. O. New Carlisle. This gentleman was born in Rockingham Co., Va., June 28, 1819. He is the son of George and Christina (Crowbarger) Pence. The father was a native of Virginia, where he died in 1825. The mother was a native of Pennsylvania. She moved to Clinton Co., Ind., in 1836, where she died two years later. Valentine went to Indiana with his mother, and stayed with her until the spring of 1838, when he came to Clark County and commenced laboring as a millwright with his brother and Samuel Sprinkle, and continuing in this business for twelve years. He was married Oct. 4, 1842, to Catharine F., daughter of George and Catharine (Fair) Stafford, who were both natives of Ireland. Mr. Pence bought his present farm in Section 26, of Samuel Arnold, Aug. 16, 1845, since which time he has devoted his attention principally to farming. By his marriage with Miss Stafford be became father of two children—Caroline Elizabeth, born May 28, 1844, and Margaret Almira, born May 4, 1847. Caroline was married Nov. 6, 1872, by Rev. J. G. Black, to Thomas Swanger. Margaret was married Dec. 13, 1867, by Rev. L. G. Edgar, to Antony Stafford. Mr. Pence and wife are both energetic members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which they have zealously labored for some time. Mrs. P. was raised a Democrat, but has always voted the Whig and Republican ticket. He has served as Township Trustee for two terms with great credit to himself. and constituents.

[From: The History of Clark County, Ohio: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc.; general and local statistics; portraits of early settlers and prominent men; history of the Northwest Territory; history of Ohio; map of Clark County; constitution of the United States, miscellaneous matters, etc., etc. (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 1020.]

Joseph Thomas Pence

Hon. Joseph Thomas Pence, forceful and resourceful and always careful to confrom [sic] his practice to the highest standard of professional ethics, has made for himself an enviable place as a practitioner at the Boise bar, and appreciation of his loyalty and capability on the part of his fellow citizens led to his selection for mayor in 1909. His name thus figures in connection with the records of the capital. He was born on a farm near Ottumwa, Wapello county, Iowa, November 9, 1869, and is a representative of an old American family established in Pennsylvania during an early period in the colonization of the new world.

His earliest American ancestor, Peter Pence, was with the forces under Washington and was with that section of the army which followed General Braddock on his retreat from Fort Duquesne. He was afterward in active service in the Shenandoah valley of Virginia. William Pence, the father of our immediate subject, was born in Pennsylvania and was but a boy at the time the family removed from the Keystone state to Iowa in 1839, traveling across the country with team and wagon. They cast in their lot with the pioneer settlers of Iowa and aided materially in the development and upbuilding of the state. William Pence, who was reared amid the conditions and hardships of frontier life, became one of the substantial farmers and stock growers of Iowa and after residing there for many years took up his abode at Big Piney, Lincoln county, Wyoming. Born on the 4th of May, 1835, he neared the eightieth milestone on life's journey and died February 13, 1915. In early manhood he wedded Miss Mary Thomas, who was born in Wales and was brought to America in her girlhood by her parents, who also became pioneer residents of Iowa. Mrs. Pence passed away in Wyoming in 1905 at the age of seventy years. There were but two children in the family, the elder being Margaret, who became the wife of E. R. Noble, of Lincoln county, Wyoming.

Joseph T. Pence, of this review, mastered the elementary branches of learning taught in district schools of Iowa and afterward attended Parsons College at Fairfleld, Iowa, from which he was graduated in 1892, winning the Bachelor of Arts degree. He then took up the profession of teaching and for four years held the chair of classical languages in Graceland College at Lamoni, Iowa. He regarded this, however, as an initial step to other professional labor and in 1898 entered the law department of Georgetown University at Washington, D. C., where he studied for about a year and then became a law student in Drake University at Des Moines, Iowa, where he won the Bachelor of Laws degree upon graduation with the class of 1900.

It was in the same year that Mr. Pence came to Idaho, taking up his abode in Boise on the 23d of April of that year. Throughout the intervening period he has remained in active practice in the capital, and unfaltering industry, close study and thorough knowledge of the law have won him a well earned reputation as a leading member of the Boise bar. He holds to the highest professional standards and believes it the duty of every lawyer to assist the court in arriving at a just and equitable decision.

Mr. Pence was married January 17, 1906, to Miss Lucia Leonard, a daughter of Emeric and Caroline Leonard, of Boise, and to them has been born a son, Joseph T., Jr., whose birth occurred May 10, 1907. The parents attend the Protestant Episcopal church, of which Mrs. Pence is an active member, and to the support of the church Mr. Pence makes liberal contributions. He has membership with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, and in the first named has filled all of the offices in the local lodge. He is ever interested in community affairs and in the welfare of the state and in 1902 received appointment from Governor Morrison to the office of trustee of the Idaho State Normal School at Albion. He rendered capable service in that connection, as was indicated in his reappointment by Governor Gooding in 1904 and 1908, so that his term of office continued until March, 1913.

His political endorsement has always been given to the democratic party, and in 1909 his fellow townsmen sought his services in administering the affairs of the city, electing him to the office of mayor for a two years' term, during which time the Julia Davis park was improved and various needed reforms and public measures brought about. He has been very earnest in support of all war activities and served as vice chairman and also chairman of the State Council of Defense and member of its executive committee, in which connection his labors have been far-reaching and resultant.

[From: James Henry Hawley, History of Idaho: The Gem of the Mountains (Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1920).]

Reuben Miller Holland

REUBEN MILLER HOLLAND. Achievement and wisdom do not always wait on years, and in a decade since he was admitted to the bar Reuben Miller Holland has gained a front rank in the Owensboro bar, a bar long noted for the eminence of its members.

He was born on a farm near Whitesville in Daviess County, June 17, 1887, son of William F. and Nancy Amy (Miller) Holland. His father was a native of Hancock County, Kentucky. The grandfather, R. A. Holland, was affectionately called "Uncle Jerrie," and was well known as a pioneer, patriot and patriarch of Hancock County, in whose home guests always received a hearty welcome and generous hospitality. He was a native of Metcalf County Kentucky, spent his life as a farmer and was of English Scotch and Irish blood, the Irish predominating though the name Holland is English. William F. Holland after his marriage lived for three or four years on a farm in Hancock County and then moved to his present homestead near Whitesville, and for many years has been one of the influential citizens and prosperous farmers of Daviess County. His wife, Nancy Amy Miller, was born in Ohio County, Kentucky, a daughter of Reuben A. and Martha (Ford) Miller and is a sister of the late distinguished Owensboro lawyer Reuben A. Miller. William F. Holland and wife reared six children.

While there are certain obvious handicaps as well as advantages imposed upon a youth who grows up in a country district, Reuben Miller Holland did not permit his rural environment to limit the horizon of his aspirations and ambition. His early education was acquired in country schools, and later he entered the University of Kentucky, receiving his A. B. degree in 1908. He studied law in one of the famous institutions of the country, the University of Virginia, where he graduated LL. B. in 1919. In the same year he was admitted to the bar in Todd County, and at once began practice at Owensboro, where his earnest work and abilities early brought him recognition.

The only important interruption to his service as a lawyer came August 15, 1918, when he entered the service of his country as an enlisted man in the field artillery. He soon entered the Central Officers Training School at Camp Taylor in Louisville, and remained until the signing of the armistice, receiving his honorable discharge November 26, 1918. He is a member of the American Legion Post. During the year and a half since he left the army he has applied himself with renewed energy to his law practice.

Mr. Holland is a democrat. He is a Knight of Pythias and a member of the Baptist church. October 3, 1911, he married Miss Christina Pence. Her father, Prof. M.L. Pence, is a member of the faculty of the University of Kentucky at Lexington.

From: William Elsey Connelley and E. M. Coulter, PH.D. [authors], Judge Charles Kerr [editor], History of Kentucky (Chicago and New Yorkn Historical Society, 1922), Vol. III, 298.

Isaac Roderic Pentz

Isaac R. Pentz, a native of Pennsylvania was born on the 12th of October 1813 and removed to Indiana in 1837. Miss Elizabeth Hall became his wife on the 24th of August 1846 and in October 1854 they moved to Iowa. In May 1855 Mr. Pentz visited Minnesota and the following May brought his family and purchased 160 acres of land in Walcott township, section 27, and also 160 acres in section 20 all of which he has now under cultivation and improved. Mr and Mrs Pentz have been blessed with nine children, six of whom are living, four boys and two girls. Mr. Pentz served as Towm Clerk in 1858 and was Justice of the Peace a number of years.

From: Edward D. Neill and Charles S. Bryant, The History of Rice County, Minnessota (Minneapolis: 1882), Walcott Township, 477.

William C. Clark

CLARK, WILLIAM C., farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 1, P.O. Alexander. Born in Athens Co., Ohio, Oct. 6, 1818, where his parents moved at an early day. In 1822, the Clark family came to Ross Co., Ohio, and thence to Licking Co.; here the old folks remained until they passed off the stage of life. Young Clark there turned his attention to farming; Oct. 15, 1843, married Miss Elizabeth PENCE, daughter of Abraham Pence, a native of Virginia; in the Autumn of 1845, he settled in Menard Co.; Nov. 8, 1846, settled in the vicinity of where Alexander is now located; in 1850, purchased land; in 1845, Mrs. Clark died; in 1851, he married Miss Sarah J. Samples, daughter of Andrew and Nancy Samples, who were among the early pioneers of Morgan Co.; this was the year of cholera in Morgan Co., from which his second wife died, on the 5th of July; on the 22d of February, 1852, he married Miss Sarah Samples, daughter of Jacob and Pollie Samples. For several years Mr. Clark was town trustee; is the owner of 120 acres of valuable property.

The History of Morgan County, Illinois, Its Past and Present (Chicago: Donnelley, Loyd & Co., 1878).

Isreal P. Lecrone

Dr. Israel P. Lecrone: Born in Dover Twp, York Co PA 1849. He married Miss Rebecca J. PENCE. They later moved to Arendtsville, where he was a physician. Had one daughter Florence, died in childhood. He was Lutheran and Rebecca was German Baptist Church member.

From History Adams County, Pennsylvania (Warner-Beers Co., 1886), 408.

Solomon Bentz

Solomon Bentz is a native of Warrington Township, York Co., Penn., and was born October 28, 1841 He is a son of George and Nancy (Grove) Bentz, natives of York County, Penn. His grandfather, Jacob Bentz, was born in 1781 and died in 1833. The father of subject was born in 1807, was a farmer, and is still living. He has had ten children: Elizabeth, Susanna, Daniel, George, Solomon, Mary, Andrew, Catherine, Moses S. and Mary A. Our subject was educated at the public schools, and during the winters of 1861, 1862 and 1863 taught school. He is a farmer, and in 1868, settled where he now lives. He also owns the Bentz homestead. He was married in 1867 to Miss. Henrietta Hershey, a native of Washington Township. Six children have blessed this union: William, John, Monroe, Elizabeth, Mary and Nancy J. Mr. Bentz is a member of the Lutheran and his wife of the Reformed Church.

From John Gibson [Historical Editor], History of York County, Illustrated, 1886

Allen Pence

A. PENCE, druggist and physician, Terre Haute, who is so well known in Terre Haute, has practiced medicine in the city and in Vigo county for a longer period than any physician who is now engaged in practice. He began the study of medicine in 1887 under Dr. John L. DUNYAN, of Springfield, Illinois. In 1841 he went to Danville, Illinois, where he practiced until 1844, when he removed to Terre Haute and began the practice, and has since done only an office practice. On the corner of Ohio and Second streets he has a large brick block, the principal part of the building being used for his drug store, office, and Pence's Hall. The doctor has been one of the able financiers of the city. While he is willing to accord to others the liberty of thinking, acting and believing as they may choose, he also claims the same right. These freely expressed ideas on his part have placed him, in the estimation of some, on the eccentric list, though all unhesitatingly claim him one of the enterprising and go-ahead citizens of the city.

From: History of Vigo and Parke Counties, Together With Historic Notes on the Wabash Valley (H. W. Beckwith, 1880), Terre Haute, 203.

John Henry Bence

As secretary, treasurer and general manager of the Clay City Lumber Company John Henry Bence occupies a noteworthy position among the leading business men of this section of Clay county, he is a native and to the manner born, his birth having occurred September 30, 1863, in Harrison township, Clay county. His father, Onesimus Oliver Bence and his grandfather Philip Bence were both born and bred in Jefferson county Kentucky.

An agriculturist, Philip Bence was engaged in his chosen occupation in Jefferson county, Kentucky, during his earlier life, owning one hundred acres of land which he managed with slave labor. In 1853 he disposed of all of his Kentucky property, came to Indiana, and purchased a farm lying about five miles southwest of Greencastle, Putnam county. where he spent the remainder of his seventy years of earthly life. He married twice, by his first marriage having five children—Fountain R., Onesimus Oliver, Telitha E., Matilda and Jeptha D.—and by his second union having four: John A., Louisa, Lydia and George W.

Born October 28, 1825, on a farm lying about nine miles from Louisville, Kentucky, Onesimus O. Bence was brought up and educated in his native state, and with his parents came to Indiana in 1853. He subsequently married and came with his bride to Clay county, locating in Harrison township. He bought a tract of land in section eleven, township ten, range seven, Harrison township, and in the log cabin standing upon his property, one that had been erected for a schoolhouse, he established his household. Two years later he built a good frame house, into which the family moved. At that time there were no railroads in this part of the country, all of the surplus products of the farm having to be hauled to Terre Haute or Greencastle. He improved the major part of his farm before 1867. and, having suffered a paralytic stroke, from the effects of which he never fully recovered, he moved to Bowling Green. In 1884 he returned to his farm and there remained until released by death, at the age of sixty-six years. Onesimus O. Bence married, in 1856, Sarah M. Slade, who was born in Harrison county Kentucky, not very far from Cynthiana. September 10, 1833, a daughter of James Slade, a native of the same county. Her grandfather, William Slade, presumably an Ohio man by birth, was of English and Scotch ancestry. He improved a large farm in Harrison county, Kentucky, where he spent the greater part of his active career. At one time he owned many slaves, but he freed them all. The maiden name of his wife was Melvina Clemons. Their son, James Slade, taught school in his younger days, but was afterwards engaged in agricultural and mercantile pursuits, spending his life in his native county. He married Eleanor Orr, a daughter of James and Catherine (Williams) Orr. She came to Indiana after the death of her husband, subsequently making her home with her daughter, Mrs. Onesimus O. Bence. Mrs. Bence now lives with her son, John Henry, from whom she has never been separated any length of time. In 1901 she went to Benson county, North Dakota, took up a homestead, to which she received a title on the seventieth anniversary of her birth, the deed bearing the signature of President Roosevelt. She has but two children. Jolin Henry and Laura K. The daughter married Joseph M. Zenor. of Terre Haute, and they have four children, May, Mark, Bertha and Howard

Educated in the schools of Harrison township and Bowling Green, and in the Central Normal School at Danville, John Henry Bence began teaching at the age of seventeen years, and taught school nine winter terms. He was afterwards successfully employed in farming, until 1896, when he accepted a position as clerk in a shoe store at Clay City, a position that he retained four years, when he embarked in the shoe business on his own account, continuing another four years. Since that time Mr. Bence has been actively associated with the lumber business, and when the Clay City Lumber Company was organized in 1905 became officially connected with it in his present capacity of secretary, treasurer and general manager.

In 1901 Mr. Bence married Janie May Belle Robertson. She was born April 15, 1873, in Jackson township, Clay county, Indiana, a daughter of Ethan A. and Elizabeth (Witty) Robertson. Mr. and Mrs. Bence have one child, Sarah Elizabeth. Politically Mr. Bence is a Republican, and is now serving as clerk and treasurer of the village of Clay City. Fraternally he belongs to Clay City Lodge, No. 562, A. F. & A. M., and to Clay City Lodge. No. 131, K. of P. Religiously he assists in supporting the Methodist Episcopal church, of which Mrs. Bence is a valued member.

From William Travis, History of Clay County, Indiana, Vol. II (1909).

Edward Bradfield

EDWARD BRADFIELD comes of one of the pioneer families of Parke County, and is a gentleman who has always endeavored in every possible manner to promote the interests and welfare of this community. He is now engaged in carrying on his fertile farm on Section 15, Adams Township, which comprises two hundred and seventy-nine acres of of land all in one body, and of this one hundred and fifty acres are now under cultivation. Altogether he owns three hundred and thirty-nine acres of farm land, the remainder being located on Section 23. That much confidence is placed in his judgment and integrity is shown by the fact that he has been called upon to settle a great many estates. In 1879 Mr. Bradfield erected a residence on his farm at a cost of about $2,000.

Columbiana County, Ohio, is the place of Mr. Bradfield's birth, which event occurred August 1, 1841. He is a son of William Bradfield, who was reared to manhood and married Miss Sarah Robison, by whom he had a family of ten children. Seven of the number lived to adult years, six still survive, and five are residents of this county, viz.: Reason, who lives in Wabash Township; Hannah Jane, wife of Theodore Marshall, of this township; our subject; Levi, who is a farmer in Wabash Township, and Arminda, who resides also in Wabash Township, and is the wife of Joseph McAdams. Our subject's father migrated to Indiana in the fall of 1852, settling in Rockville, and the following spring removed his family to a home a [sic] had prepared for them. His farm, which consisted of one hundred and twenty acres, was partly improved, and to its cultivation he devoted himself until death called him from his labors April 26, 1863. His wife died on the old homestead in September, 18. The father was a member of the Christian Church, being an Elder of the same, and in politics was a Republican.

The early years of Edward Bradfield were passed in his native county, and when he was twelve years of age he came to Indiana, remaining under the parental roof-tree until his father's death, when he took up the management of the estates and settled it. He was first married in 1867, at which time Miss Sarah Jane Cox became his wife. She is a daughter of John B. Cox, a well known farmer of this township. To the worthy couple were born five children: William A., who is married and a resident of the township; Reason E., also married, and living in Adams Township; Minnie Inez, who lives at home and is a successful school teacher; Seth M. who is also at home, and Myrtle, who died in infancy. The mother of these children departed this life in 1882. In March, 1883, Mr. Bradfield wedded Mrs. Cynthia Louis, daughter of Peter PENCE, who formerly was a resident of the county.

About 1869 Mr. Bradfield located on his father's farm, which he carried on for about six years, and then made a permanent settlement on the farm now operated by him. For thirteen winters Mr. Bradfield taught school, eight years of the time in one school-house in this county, in the neighborhood of which he built up quite and enviable reputation as a educator. His own privileges in the direction of an education were those of the common schools and the Bloomingdale Academy. In his political faith he is a Republican, and for five years has held the position of Assessor. He is a strong and active worker in the ranks of the party, and is a patriotic citizen, devoted to the best interests of his country and fellow-men. He is numbered among the pillars of the Union Christian Church, where he is now holding the offices of Clerk and Treasurer. He is Superintendent of the Sunday-school, in which he takes a commendable interest.

[From: Portrait and biographical record of Montgomery, Parke and Fountain Counties, Indiana: Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of All the Presidents of the United States (Chicago: Chapman Bros.. 1893),418-419.]

Ahijah H. Pence

A. H. PENCE was born in Marion County, Ind., August 10, 1853, and is the first of a family of eight children born to Enoch and Elizabeth J. (Sinks) Pence, natives of Indiana, and of German and English extraction. His parents came to this (Tipton) county in the fall of 1870, and located on a farm of sixty-seven acres, and were followed by our subject in the spring of 1871. A. H. was reared on a farm, working through the summer and attending the district school in the winter. His education is a fine one, acquired in the common and graded schools of the State, and at the National Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio, and with money earned by his own unaided labor. He has taught twelve terms in the public schools of this and other counties, averaging six months to the term, and has succeeded by his energy in winning a position in the front ranks of his profession. He was married, March 12, 1882, to Miss Mattie Martin, a native of Missouri, and a daughter of Colin C. and Jemima (Ferguson) Martin, natives respectively of Indiana and Kentucky. He is an active and consistent member of the Christian Church, and also belongs to the Masonic Lodge located at Prairieville. Politically, he has always adhered to the Democratic party, and is one of its most energetic workers; he is a wide-awake young man, and has a promising future.

[From: The History of the Counties of Howard and Tipton, Indiana (Chcago: F. A. Battey & Co., 1883), Prairie Township.]

John Wesley Pence

PENCE, John W. was born in Warren county, Ohio, February 11th, 1830. He lived with his father on the farm until eighteen years of age, then engaged with a partner, dealing in grain, general merchandise, etc., for eight years with marked success. In 1856, he went to Columbus, when he was again a dealer in grain, stock, etc., until 1865, when failing health induced him to change. He came to Minnesota, and from Faribault to St. Paul, by stage, thence to this city. In 1866, he bought the lots where now stand the City Bank, and Opera House, which bears his name, being at that time among the first three-story buildings in the city. Mr. Pence has been president of the City Bank, and has heavy mining interests near Leadville, Colorado, and owns with S. P. Snyder, forty thousand acres of rich rolling prairie south of Jamestown, Dakota territory. He was married at Minneapolis in 1871 to Miss Laura Enell, of Maine, who died January 6th, 1878.

[From: History of Hennepin County and the City of Minneapolis (North Star Publishing, 1881), 611.]

M. S. Bentz

The business interests and commercial progress of Woodland receive the constant co-operation of Mr. Bentz, who since coming to this city during 1906 has identified himself with movements for the local upbuilding and has proved the high value of his capable citizenship. Such success as he has achieved— and it is by no means insignificant—results from his own determination and unaided efforts. As a boy he had little opportunity to advance in the world, but, sturdily resolved to secure an education, he paid his own expenses as he was attending various institutions in the east. The result was that he acquired a varied knowledge and also gained what is even more to be desired, viz.: an abundance of self-reliance and independence. A member of an old Pennsylvania family, he was born in York county, that state, April 11, 1851, and was next to the youngest in a family of ten children, five of whom are still living. The parents, George and Nancy (Grove) Bentz, were born in York county, lived upon farming land there and remained in the same locality until death.

When the completion of public-school studies seemed to indicate to M. S. Bentz that his educational opportunities had ended he started to work to secure further advantages, so that he made it possible to attend the Shippensburg Normal and the York high school. From the latter institution he was graduated at the age of nineteen. Later he taught school in York and Cumberland counties for eight years, meanwhile attending the Holbrook Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio, and graduating from its commercial department. During March of 1877 he landed in Kansas and purchased land in Rice county, where he was bereaved by the death of his wife, who was Abbie Heikes, a native of Pennsylvania. In the fall following her death he removed to Stafford, Kan., and embarked in the mercantile business. For a time he was prospered, but a cyclone in 1881 destroyed his store, ruined the stock of goods and left him without means to start anew. Thereupon he embarked in the freighting business in Colorado, where he remained for eighteen months. Upon his return to Kansas he settled in Canton, McPherson county, and opened a mercantile store, which he conducted for ten years. Later he engaged in the same business at Eldorado, Butler county, Kan., for ten years.

Coming to California during January of 1904 Mr. Bentz bought land in Sutter county and planted an orchard. Two years later he came to oodland and purchased the store of Powell Brothers, whom he succeeded as proprietor of the little establishment. Here he has since built up a large trade and has carried a full line of notions and furnishing goods. Thoroughly devoted to Woodland, he entertains a profound liking for the city of his adoption and champions every measure for local progress. In national affairs he has been a close student and the result of his studies is that he supports socialist principles, being a firm believer in the adoption of national measures that will aid the day laborer and prevent the enormous wealth of our country from being concentrated in the hands of a few. Fraternally he holds membership with the Modern Woodmen of America.

The Woodland Methodist Episcopal Church has the benefit of his active co-operation with every movement for its spiritual and material upbuilding and as a member of the official board he is rendering efficient service in its interests. While making his home at Canton, Kan., he was united in marriage with Miss Florence L. Cronk, who was born in Oneida county, N. Y. Six children were born of their union, namely: May, who died in Eldorado, Kan.; Charles W., now living in Woodland; Earl S., who is employed at Long Beach, this state; Ruth, Mary E. and Herbert, who still remain with their parents in the Woodland home.

[From The History of Yolo County California With Biographical Sketches of The Leading Men and Women of the County Who Have Been Identified With Its Growth and Development From the Early Days to the Present, by Tom Gregory And Other Well Known Writers Illustrated Complete in One Volume (Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1913).]

Moses Rush Allen

Moses R.leading farmer of Washington Township, and one of Clinton County's representative men, is a son of John and Cynthia (Rush) Allen, natives respectively of Pennsylvania and Ohio. And of English and Welsh-German descent. John Allen was born in Greene County, Pa., May 5, 1805, and was the seventh son in a family of twelve children born to Isaac Aestors settled in the Keystone state at a period antedating the war of the Revolution. When twelve years old, John Allen was taken by his parents to Butler county, Ohio, where, owing to the reduced circumstances of his father, he was early thrown upon his own resources and for some time followed the river, rafting logs and lumber and various articles of merchandise --- corn, flour, bacon, etc.-- to New Orleans. He was quite successful in this enterprise, but, while making the last trip, suffered a serious financial loss by the sinking of his boat and all its contents while tied to bank to secure fuel, the bank being undermined and a tree falling on the boat. In I828 he located in Clinton County, Ind., where a brother had previously entered land, and worked for the settlers until 1833, when he invested his savings in a tract of land, which he cleared and brought under cultivation. He was married in Butler County, Ohio, to Cynthia RUSH, and with her lived in the old log cabin for a period of thirteen years. Occasionally he was engaged in hauling goods from Cincinnati to the village of Jefferson, and once, while making a trip to Chicago, narrowly escaped death from drowning in the Tippecanoe river, which he attempted to cross on horseback, having unhitched his team and riding across to test the depth of the river.

Moses R. Allen was born in Clinton County, Ind., September 10, 1838, and grew to manhood accustomed to the manifold duties of the farm. He has followed successfully the pursuit of agriculture and is now one of the largest land holders of Washington township, owning 452 acres, which are well improved and adorned with substantial buildings, the place, indeed, being a model home. Mr. Allen is a man of excellent judgment in business matters and his services are frequently in demand by his neighbors and others in the settlement of estates, drawing up instruments of writing, giving advice on legal questions, etc. Mr. Allen was married September 20, 1860, to Margaret J. PENCE, daughter of Michael C. and Susannah (Stafford) PENCE. The father of Mrs. Allen was born in Rockingham county, Va., August 17, 1817, and when eighteen years of age moved to Clark county, Ohio, where, on the twelfth day of December, 1839, he was united in marriage to Susannah Stafford. He came to Clinton county in 1858, settling on a farm in Washington township, where Mrs. PENCE died January 25,1876. Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. PENCE - Catherine W. and Margaret J. (Mrs. Allen), both deceased. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Allen was blessed with the birth of six children, namely -- John P., born November 3, 1862; Joseph E., August 4, 1866; Howard E., July 16, 1870; Thomas W., July, 29,1876; William E., August I4, 1861, died June 28, 1880; George W., February 2, 1875, died January 17, 1877.

The mother of these children, Mrs. Margaret J. Allen, was born in Miami county, Ohio, October 30, 1840, and died at her home in Clinton county, Ind., August 15, 1894, of abdominal tumor. She was a devoted member of the M. E. church, of which Mr. Allen is also a member. Mr. Allen is a member also of the Masonic fraternity, belongs to the G. A. R., and is a republican in politics.

Mr. Allen has a military record of which he feels deservedly proud, covering a period of over three years, during which time he marched over 4000 miles and participated in twenty-five bloody battles. To give in detail his military experience would require a volume, and only the leading facts are herewith set forth. He enlisted September 16, 1862, in company I, One Hundredth Indiana infantry, under Capt. James N. Sims, and the following November the regiment preceded to Memphis, Tenn., with Vicksburg as the objective point, but the latter city was not at that time reached. Mr. Allen's first active duty was as guard to the Memphis & Charleston railroad, and his first baptism of fire was at Vicksburg, in the memorable siege, in which he took an active part. After the surrender, he moved with Sherman's army to Jackson, Miss., taking part in the siege, thence to the Big Black River, and afterward returned to Memphis. His next movement was to Chattanooga, Tenn., near which he participated in the battles of Mission Ridge and Lookout Mountain, after which he accompanied his command to Knoxville, and later to Bridgeport, Ala. In the spring of 1864 he was in the army of Gen. Sherman, and fought throughout the Atlanta campaign, during, the progress of which he was under fire about one hundred days and nights, and participated in the following historical engagements from Dalton through Snake Creek Gap, to Resaca, Dallas, New Hope Church, Big Shanty, Kennesaw Mountain, Nickajack Creek, Chattahoochee river, Decatur, Cedar Bluffs, Jonesboro, Lovejoy Station and the final surrender of Atlanta. Mr. Allen's regiment, after the surrender, was sent on a forced march through northern Georgia to Alatoona, and finally returned to its old camping ground near Atlanta. After a great deal of active service in Georgia, the regiment participated in a battle near the town of Griswold, entered the city of Savannah December 23, 1864, thence went to Beaufort, S. C., and, marching through the Carolinas, captured successfully Branchville, Columbia, Georgetown, Bentonville, and finally reached Goldsboro March 26, 1865, after having marched 1,300 miles and fought seventeen battles. Mr. Allen remained with his command at Greensboro until April of that year, when the regiment moved to Raleigh, thence marched by way of Petersburg, Richmond and Alexandria, Va., to Washington, D. C., reaching that city May 20, 1865. He was discharged June 20, 1865, with a record of duty bravely and uncomplainingly done, and it is to such brave and gallant spirits that the country is indebted for its preservation.

[From: A Portrait and Biographical Record of Boone and Clinton Counties, Ind., Containing Biographical Sketches of Many Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States, and Biographies of the Governors of Indiana. (Chicago: A. W. Bowen & Co., 1895), 565.]

Arthur Lee Pence

Arthur Pence. In the Bruneau valley of Idaho during the past thirty-odd years no name has been associated more closely with the agricultural and stock raising activities than that of Arthur Pence. Arthur Pence is truly a pioneer of Idaho, and it will soon be half a century since he first came into this country. He has known and been a participant in every activity and experience since the establishment of the territory, and is one of the exceedingly successful and influential men, held in high esteem not only for his pioneer character, but for his varied accomplishments and his efficiency as a man and citizen.

Arthur Pence came into Idaho in 1864, driving an ox team from Agency City, Iowa, in Wapello county, and on arriving in this northwest country first settled near Caldwell. One of his first experiences was driving a six-yoke team of oxen to Idaho City with a load of hay. Afterwards he came back on foot, and with three other men engaged in hauling freight for mining companies on hand-sleighs one and one-half miles, to the Gombrinos quartz mill, at ten cents a pound, that being during the two months of a severe winter season, when they had to transport their freight over ten foot of snow. They made from ten to twenty dollars a day during this brief enterprise. After that Mr. Pence went into the mines and tried placer mining, but it was too expensive to get the water at that time, and he soon gave it up. During that period in Idaho there were hundreds of men who were working for their board. In April, 1865, the town burned down, and after that for three years Mr. Pence was engaged in freighting among the different settlements and mining camps with his brother-in-law, Abram Robinson, their principal route being from Umatilla to Boise. He then settled on Dry creek near Boise and in 1869 moved to Bruneau, trading his place at Caldwell for cattle. Since then his ranch headquarters have been in the Bruneau valley, and Hot Springs at the head of Bruneau valley, is on his place. At first Mr. Pence and his brother, J. C. Pence, were engaged in the cattle business, running the brand J. P., but finally sold out in 1879, and was engaged in farming and gardening for several years. He sold vegetables to the mining camps, and did a very profitable business until 1885. Then he and his brother John bought a band of sheep from their brother J. C., and worked them as partners for four years, finally dividing up and each keeping his separate flock. Mr. Pence continued in the sheep business, and is still one of the large factors in that industry in the southern half of the state. Mr. Pence was one of the organizers of the Bruneau State Bank in 1905. and has since been president of that substantial institution. He is the owner of four hundred acres in his home ranch, and his live stock comprises two hundred head of cattle, and one hundred and fifty head of horses.

In 1877, Arthur Pence married Mary S. Wells, who was born in Missouri. Their four children have already grown up and taken their places in the world of worthy activities. Maude, is the wife of J. M. Watcrhouse; Arthur, Jr., married Edith Harley; Mattie is the wife of A. F. Trammell, on a ranch in Bruneau, and they have one child; Grover is unmarried and lives on the home ranch.

Mr. Pence is affiliated with the Elmore Lodge No. 30 of the Masons at Mountain Home, and is a charter member of the Odd Fellows No. 79, now located at Bruneau. He is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias at Mountain Home. and in politics has been a Democratic voter all his life. He has taken a very prominent part in public affairs, and was elected to the lower house of the legislature in 1901, and to the senate in 1903 and again in 1907. In 1872 Mr. Pence organized the school district near his home ranch, and has been a member of the school board ever since.

[From: Hiram Taylor French, History of Idaho: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People and Its Principal Interests, Vol. III (Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), 1099.]


In various ways Hon. Arthur Pence has been identified with Idaho's development and progress. He has been associated with its agricultural interests and at the same time has left the impress of his individuality and ability upon the legislative history of the state, having served in both the house of representatives and the senate. He now makes his home near Hot Springs. He was born in Burlington county, Iowa, near Des Moines, on the 10th of February, 1847, his parents being William and Mary (Thurston) Pence. His youthful days were passed in his native state to the age of eighteen years, but from the age of nine years he has been dependent upon his own resources.

When a youth of eighteen he left Iowa for Idaho, driving an ox team across the country from Ottumwa, Iowa, to Page county, where he spent the winter and thence crossed the plains to Idaho In 1864, arriving at Boise on the 19th of October. He spent the following winter in Idaho City and for the next three years engaged in hauling freight from Umatilla to Boise. Later he located a ranch by squatter's right in the Boise valley and for a year devoted his attention to farming there. He afterward homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres in the Bruneau valley, where he is now located, and through the intervening period he has carried on general ranching, gardening and cattle raising. After a time, however, he disposed of his cattle and for the past thirty-three years has given his attention largely to sheep raising, now running two bands of sheep.

In 1877 Mr. Pence was married to Miss Mary S. Wells, a native of Missouri, and they have become the parents of four children; Maud E, now the wife of J. W. Waterhouse, residing near Nampa, Idaho; Arthur, Jr., who married Miss Edith Halley; Mattie, the wife of A. F. Trunnell, living near her father upon the ranch; and Grover W., who married Miss Theresa Fogarth, and is also living near his father on the ranch.

Mr. Pence to a faithful follower of the Masonic fraternity, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He is also a stalwart democrat and a warm personal friend of Governor Hawley. He has been quite prominent in connection with the political history of the state, serving In 1900 as a member of the house of representatives and from 1903 until 1907 as a member of the Idaho state senate. He yet keeps in close touch with the vital problems and political issues of the country, so that he is able to support his position by intelligent and discriminating argument. He certainly deserves much credit for what he has accomplished, for starting out in life when a young lad of but nine years to provide for his own support, he has worked his way steadily upward, his industry and diligence constituting the broad foundation upon which he has built his success.

[From: James Henry Hawley, History of Idaho: The Gem of the Mountains (Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1920), 94.]

John C. Pence

JOHN C. PENCE is numbered among the honored and respected old settlers of Union county, having for more than a third of a century resided within its borders, and during this period he has been closely identified with the growth and development of this section of the state through his labors as an agriculturist, althongh at the present time he is practically living retired in a comfortable home in Creston.

Mr. Pence was born in Washington county Pennsylvania, November 18, 1843, a son of Henry anti Mary Ann (Case) Pence, who were natives of Washington county, Pennsylvania, where they were reared and married. Later they removed to Guernsey county, Ohio, where he remained for a time and then made his way on to Muskingum county, that state, while still later he took up his abode in Illinois, where he was engaged in farming until 1868, in which year he located in Iowa, settling onl the northern boundary of Union county, where he opened up and developed a farm of one hundred and sixty acres. Disposing of that property he then removed to Kansas, settling on a farm in Jewell county, where lie made his home for a time and then moved across the border into Nebraska, locating in Superior. Later he spent three years in Newark, that state, and from there removed to Custer county, Nebraska. Eventually, however, he returned to Iowa, making his home in Creston for three years, but his last days were spent in the home of his son John, where he passed away in 1897, at the advanced age of eighty-four years.

John C. Pence is one of a family of nine children, of whom three sons and one daughter survive, his two brothers being William and R. W. Pence, while his sister is Lizzie, the wife of John McIntyre, a resident of Norton county, Kansas. John C. Pence accompanied his parents on their various removals and was reared to general agricultural pursuits. It was during his residence in Ohio, however, that his labors Were interrupted by the outbreak of the Civil war, when in 1862, being then a youth of eighteen years, he joined the State Militia, with which he did active duty for a time, while in 1864 he re- enlisted on the 27th of April as a member of the One Hundred and Seventy- second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, as a member of Company E, this company going to the front for one hundred days' service. He went south to Charleston, Virginia, and did guard duty, being discharged on the expiration of his term, September 3, 1864.

Returning to his home in Ohio, he was married in Muskingum county, August 17, 1865, the lady of his choice being Miss Susannah Steers who was born and reared in that county. Following his marriage Mr. Pence took his bride to Henderson county, Illinois, where he rented a farm, which he cultivated for one year, and then removed to Knox county, locating on a farm which he purchased near Cameron. After three years, however, he disposed of that property and removed to the city of Galesburg and cultivated farm land near that city for four years, subsequent to which time he again located on a farm, which he rented for four years, but in the fall of 1873 came to Iowa and purchased eighty acres of wild and unimproved land in Adair county on section 17,' Union township. He there developed a splendid property, cultivating the same for more than twenty years. He likewise built thereon a good residence and substantial barns and outbuildings, set out a good orchard as well as a grove to furnish shade. Mr. Pence prospered in his labors as an agriculturist, so that in due course of time he felt justified in spending his days in less of care and labor and accordingly leased his farm and removed to Creston and erected a nice home on North Cedar street, this residence being surrounded by nineteen acres of land. He likewise planted a good orchard. built a barn and made this property an attractive as well as a valuable place.

After a residence of thirteen years in this home, Mr. Pence was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, who passed away May 7, 1903. The three children of this marriage are W. E., who owns a fine farm but makes his home in Creston; A., who lives in Traer, Iowa, is married and has two children, Susie A. and Wilma; and H. D., who owns the original home farm In Adair county, is married and has two daughters, Mamie O. and Virl.

In 1905 Mr. Pence returned to Muskingum county, Ohio, and was there married on the 13th of February of that year; to Anna A. Ross, who was born and reared in Muskingum county. Mr. Pence then sold his residence on North Cedar street for six thousand dollars and purchased a home on West Poplar street, where he made his home for a time but is now occupying a cornfortable home at 612 Prairie avenue in Creston, he having remodeled this house, installed a steam furnace, electric lights, and added other modern accisisories until it is now one of the up-to-date and convenient residences of the city. He has here three acres of ground, which he has set out to fruit, and altogether the place is one of the valuable properties of Creston.

Although reared in the faith of the democratic party Mr. Pence is now a stanch republican and while on the farm served as township trustee and as road supervisor. He also served as a member of the school board for many years and was chosen as a delegate to numerous county conventions, also as a delegate to the congressional convention. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in the work of which they are deeply interested and Mr. Pence belongs to J. T. Potter Post, G. A. R.. at Creston. Almost thirty-five years have passed since he came to this state and during the years which have since passed he has not only witnessed a wonderful transformation but has largly aided in the labors which have transformed wild land into rich and productive tracts, and now in his declining years, through earnest and unremitting toil in former years, he is now enabled to live retired, enjoying the well earned rest which is the merited reward of a long and honorable business career.

[From: George A. S. Ide, The History of Union County, Iowa (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., l908), 703-705.]

Mrs. Margaret Pence

Mrs. Margaret Pence was born November 16, 1821, in Robeson County, N.C. Her father, Jacob Bryan, moved from North Carolina, settled in Jefferson County, Ind., May 10, I822, where he remained until 1835, when he moved to Wabash County. Her mother, Nancy Freeman, was also a native of North Carolina, and was married to Mr. Bryan in 1804. Mrs. Margaret Pence, the subject of this sketch, was first married to John H.Gamble, January 10, 1840. They lived on their farm three miles southeast of Roann until his death, which occurred in 1877. In 1879, she moved to Roann, where she lived until 1882, when she was married to William H. Pence. In the spring of the same year, she moved with her husband to his farm, located one mile west of Roann, where Mr. Pence died November 5, 1883. she returned to Roann. and made her home with her brother, Jacob Bryan, until her death, which occurred December 8, 1883. Mrs. Pence was a devoted Christian woman, and her love of truth and earnestness in Christian work won for her many friends.

[From: Thomas B. Helm, L. H. Newton and Ebenexer Tucker, History of Wabash County, Indiana : containing a history of the county; its townships, towns, military records portraits of early settlers and prominent men, personal reminiscences, etc. (Chicago: J. Morris, 1993), 437.]

John Pence

Founder of Frankfort, John Pence was born in Virginia in 1800. He moved to Ohio in 1818. In 1827 Pence left Ohio to seek better land in Indiana. John's brothers, Nicholas and Jacob joined John and purchased land in Clinton County, Indiana.

John purchased 320 acres for $400. He donated 20 acres of land to start the town of Frankfort. A petition was being taken to Indianapolis by Abner Baker to make Jefferson the county seat. At the same time John Pence was going to Indianapolis to try and make Frankfort the county seat. Both men set out on horseback at the same time. Abner Baker never made it to Indianapolis. It is believed that Pence cut him off, took his horse, and stole his petittion. Frankfort was named the county seat.

On June 8, 1830 Pence gave 60 more acres to Clinton County. He also gave $100 for a new courthouse.

John Pence died July 31, 1882.

[From: A Portrait and Biographical Record of Boone and Clinton Counties, Ind., Containing Biographical Sketches of Many Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States, and Biographies of the Governors of Indiana. (Chicago: A. W. Bowen & Co., 1895).]

Charles Persinger Pence

CHARLES P. PENCE is a native of Clinton county, Ind., and a son of one of the prominent pioneers, his father John Pence, having entered the land where Frankfort now stands, John Pence, of German descent, was born in Virginia, came to Warren county, Ind., with his father, who was one of the pioneers of that county, and married there Judith, daughter of Harmon AUGHE. To Mr. and Mrs. Pence were born nine children: Nancy, Mary A., Amanda E., Harriet L., Samuel D., Charles P., John W., Aaron W., and Thomas C. In 1829 he came to Clinton county; and entered several sections of land, which were then covered with heavy timber. He built a log cabin, which stood for years east of Main Street, on the north side of Barner Street, in what is now the city of Frankfort. Several of the old settlers came with him, among them the Gaskills and Blinns, and all settled near. Mr. Pence gave sixty acres of land for the public square and $100 in cash to assist in getting the county-seat located here. The other settlers, having farmed the Pence homestead, where they resided for seven years. They then moved two miles east, to a farm consisting of 130 acres in Center township. He bought this land and cleared all except about eight acres, and here he resided until he bought his present farm, consisting of eighty acres, one mile east of Frankfort. To Mr. and Mrs. PENCE have been born four children James W., John K., Rosa I. and Ella G. He cast his first presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, and has since voted the republican ticket. Fraternally he is a member of Dacotah tribe, No. 42, I. 0. R. M., of Frankfort. Mr. Pence has always been a substantial farmer, is a man of integrity of character, and has reared a respected family of children, who may well take an honest pride in the sterling ancestry from which they spring. His son, James W., married Dora HARLAND, and is the father of four children: Rosa I. married James W. YOUNG, farmer in Kirklin township, and is the mother of seven children; Ella C. married William Brittian, a farmer two miles east of Frankfort, and has borne two children.

[From: A Portrait and Biographical Record of Boone and Clinton Counties, Ind., Containing Biographical Sketches of Many Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States, and Biographies of the Governors of Indiana. (Chicago: A. W. Bowen & Co., 1895), 833-834.]

Harry Audley Pence

PENCE, HARRY AUDLEY: Florist; b Douglas Co, Ill Aug 7, 1869; s of James M Pence-Cornelia Coykendall; ed Falls City HS; m Jennie F Simanton June 1899 Falls City; s Harry S, Eugene E; 1890-1901 engr Amalgamated Copper Co, Butte Mont; 1901- ptr of J R Simanton in greenhouse, one of oldest in Neb, Falls City; past mbr city coun; Neb St Florists Soc; FTDA; Soc of Amer Florists & Ornamental Horticulturists; C of C; Falls City Country Club; IOOF, past noble grand; Rep; res 1014 E, Falls City.

[Ed. Note: 1920 U.S. Census of Falls City, Richardson County, Nebraska, shows: Harry A. Pence, 50, born Illinois; Jennie S. Pence, 42, born Nebraska; Harry S. Pence, 18, born in Montana and Eugene E. Pence, 14, born in Nebraska.]

[From: Who's Who in Nebraska (1940), Richardson County.]

William L. Pence

PENCE, DR. W. L. - Farmer and physician, section 28, P. O. Adelphi. This gentleman owes his nativity to Logan, Kentucky, where he was born on the twenty-seventh of March, 1832. He resided there until sixteen years of age, and then traveled through Ohio, Indiana and Tennessee, remaining a short period in each State. Having made choice of medicine as a profession he commenced its study and read in Greensburg, Decatur county, Indiana. In June, 1855, he graduated from the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, and came to this county in 1857, at once commencing the practice of his profession. This he followed until October, 1865, when he also became engaged in farming, but is still engaged in practicing medicine. Has been supervisor and assessor of the township, and at present is trustee. Dr. Pence was married in this township in February, 1863, to Miss Abigal E. Powers of Indiana. She died in February, 1867, leaving one son, James M. Was married again to Miss Julia A. Norris of Jasper. They have two children: John and Wm. R. He owns a farm of two hundred and ninety acres. His father was of German ancestry and his mother of Welsh, English and Irish origin. -

[From: The History of Polk County, Iowa (Union Historical Company, Birdsall, Williams & Co. 1880).]

Adam Pence

ADAM PENCE, retired farmer, P.O. Westville. Among the many pioneers of this county we find Adam Pence living in an old-time cottage under the beautiful hills that overlook the Mad River Valley. He is one of our comfortable men, retired from active business, and with his wife, three sons and two daughters, lives a happy contented life, surrounded by domestic comforts, and free from care. Adam was born in Shenandoah Co, VA, probably in 1802; his parents Lewis and Barbara Pence immigrated to Ohio in 1820; they are both of German descent, and Mrs. Pence came from Germany. Their children (eleven in number) were born in Virginia, the youngest being 21 years of age; four of them were married. Lewis had considerable money when he came here, and purchased a section of land, afterward buying 300 acres more; this he divided among his children at once; and they set to work and soon those who were married had a comfortable log house erected. Adam, our subject, is now living in the house first built in 1821 and which has been occupied by his family for fifty-nine years. He was married to his present wife Mary Prince, a native of Kentucky, in 1824; they were both hard workers, saved their money, and soon had gained enough to purchase 240 acres of land; this was in turn divided among their children, of whom they have nine, seven sons and two daughters. Three sons are married; Wesley married Emily Strickler; Adam Jr. wedded Nancy McCarty and William married Mary Miller. The two daughters are named Sarah and Elizabeth. There are also three sons living at home - Henry, John and David. Adam Pence has also raised another man, who might properly be reckoned a son named Charlie M. Overhulse. The sons living at home have lately added to their possessions 200 acres more land, purchased in partnership, lying west of the home farm. Their father still owns his original tract of 100 acres given him by his father, with an income sufficient to furnish every comfort while they live. We have been to many farmhouses, but the culinary skill of the mother and her daughters cannot be excelled by any housewives in the county. Their habits are of a quiet sort, for which the pioneers are noted, and the family are members of the Lutheran Church, to which Mr. and Mrs. Pence have belonged for nearly three quarters of a century. They are noted for their honesty, and as neighbors, enjoy the confidence of all with whom they are acquainted. This sketch will ever be a source of pride to their descendents indicating the character of their ancestry, and the high esteem in which they are held in the community. According to the 1874 atlas, the Adam Pence Sr. tract or farm was in the west half of Sec. 27. [42A]

[From: The History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 732.]

Cyrus Persinger Pence

Cyrus P. Pence, son of Charles, who served in the war of 1812, who was a son of Jacob, a soldier under Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge, Pa., during the Revolutionary war, is a native of Rockingham County, Va., born Nov. 15, 1809. He learned the trade of a tanner and currier, remaining in his native State until 1835. He then moved to Clinton County, Ind., remaining there until 1853, when he moved to Anderson, Madison County. In the spring of 1859 he moved to New Castle and purchased a tannery and boot and shoe and harness manufactory, which he carried on until the breaking out of the Rebellion, or civil war, during which four of his sons enlisted. One, F. N., was severely wounded at the battle of Chickamauga. He was struck on the shoulder by a bursting shell, receiving injuries in his back and head, but recovered after the war. Mr. Pence discontinued his tannery, etc., and engaged in the milling business for two or three years at the same place, converting his building into a mill. He purchased Wm. H. Hoover's property in New Castle, where he has since resided. He owns seven acres of choice land, and pays strict attention to raising fruit, berries, etc. Mr. Pence was married to Elizabeth Littell, daughter of Joseph Littell, of New Market, Va., who died at Frankfort, Ind., Jan. 29, 1849, having had eight children, five of whom, four sons and one daughter, are living. Mr. Pence remained a widower until October, 1850, when he married Miss Catherine Kyger, of Frankfort, Ind. To this marriage eight children were born, five sons and three daughters. Four sons and three daughters survive. One, Harry G., died from sunstroke, June 30, 1878, aged eighteen years and six months. Politically Mr. Pence has been a strict adherent to the Jeffersonian doctrine, ever voting the Democratic ticket, except for Abraham Lincoln's second election, who was in favor of a government of the people, by the people, and for the people, whose heart, Waldo Emerson said, "was as large as the world, but no room for a wrong." Mr. Pence is probably the only person now living in Indiana who has seen and conversed with Washington Lafayette, son of General Lafayette. He met him with another distinguished friend from France, at the Thomas Jefferson residence, Monticello, Va.

From The History of Henry County, Indiana (Chicago: Inter-State Publishing Co., 1884), New Castle and Henry Townships, 518-519.

John Philip Pence

JOHN PHILIP PENCE. During the seventeen years in which Mr. Pence has been engaged in agricultural pursuits in Wabash county, he has gained the reputation of being a thoroughly up-to-date, progressive and energetic farmer. A son of the South, he was brought up in a family of agriculturists, and to his inherent knowledge and inclination - a heritage from generations of tillers of the soil-he has added wide experience and skillful application of modern methods. For some years his work as a farmer has been conducted on the estate of David C. Ridenour in Waltz township, a tract of 160 acres, and twenty-six acres of his own, to the improvement of which his own labors and management have been an important contribution. John Philip Pence, best known throughout his section of Wabash county as Philip Pence, comes from the Old Dominion state, having been born in Rockingham county, Virginia, May 3,1878, a son of John P. and Mary E. (Shutters) Pence. His parents belonged to old and honorable Virginia families and spent their lives within the confines of their native state. Philip Pence received a public school education and was reared on a farm, dividing his time between attendance at the public schools and assisting his father in the numerous duties pertaining to a Virginia homestead. At the age of nineteen years, desiring to see the country lying farther toward the west, he came to Indiana and soon became so satisfied that he decided to remain here. Enterprising and industrious, he had no difficulty in finding employment among the farmers of Waltz township, in which community he has spent his entire time. In 1901 he came to the farm of his father-in-law, David C. Ridenour, and his energetic methods soon brought about such a desirable condition of affairs that Mr. Ridenour placed him in full charge of what is generally regarded as one of the finest farms in the township. Since then there has been a record of constant improvement, including the erection of a modern residence, the enlargement of the barn, and the institution of various changes which have added to the value of the estate. Mr. Pence classifies himself as a general farmer, but the profits come chiefly from cattle raising, and the stock which is found on the farm and goes every year to market is practical evidence of his skill and judgment as a breeder of cattle. Progressive in all things, Mr. Pence favors the use of modern machinery and appliances, and his reputation as a businesslike farmer is well established in the community. On February 28, 1901, Mr. Pence married Miss Anna Ridenour, daughter of David C. and Catharine Ridenour of Noble township. To their union have been born three children namely: David C., named for his grandfather, born August 21, 1903, and now attending the public schools; Mary Catherine, born May 26, 1905, and also in school; and Harold Emerson, born June 26, 1911. All were born on the Ridenour homestead. Mr. and Mrs. Pence are faithful members of the Lutheran church, and he is serving on the board of deacons. In political views he is a democrat, but his only interest in public matters is that taken by every good citizen in those things that affect the community. [969A]

From: Clarkson W. Weesner, The History of Wabash County, Indiana (Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing Co., 1914).

Robert Lowry

ROBERT LOWRY was throughout his active years engaged in farming in Boggs township, Armstrong county, and since his retirement has made his home in Wickboro. He was born Jan. 18, 1832, on the old farm in Boggs township then owned by his father and now by himself, son of William and Esther (Miller) Lowry.

William Lowry, the father, was born in 1799 in Indiana county, Pa., and when a young man, came to Armstrong county to work in a tannery, intending to remain here only a short time. But as time went on he married, purchased a farm and settled down to agricultural pursuits, following that calling until his death, which occurred June 28, 1872. Mr. Lowry was in turn a Whig and Democrat in politics. In church connection he was a Seceder. His wife, Esther (Miller), born in 1812, daughter of John Miller, died Sept. 30, 1881. They had the following children: Robert, John, Mary, Jane, James, Esther, Rachel and Sarah Martha. The parents are buried in the Mount Zion cemetery.

Robert Lowry grew to manhood in Boggs township, and there attended the common schools, which were not so well conducted in his day as they are at the present time. He followed farming, remaining on the old homestead and taking up the work as his father relinquished it, and he made considerable improvement in the property, which contains 140 acres overlooking the Allegheny river. There he continued to reside until 1906, when he himself gave up active labor and moved into Wickboro (now Kittanning), residing at No. 1592 Johnson street. He has always been highly respected among his neighbors and friends, has led an industrious and useful life, and deserves the respite from active cares he is now enjoying.

On De. 12, 1882, Mr. Lowry was married by Rev. Mr. Lydy, of the Presbyterian Church of Worthington, to Elizabeth PENCE, who was born Jan. 11, 1836, in Sugar Creek township, Armstrong county, daughter of George and Deborah (McKee) PENCE, who are buried in the Cowansville cemetery. George Pence was born in West Franklin township about Oct. 28, 1810, and lived to the good old age of nearly ninety-six years, dying June 1, 1906. He was a farmer by occupation. His first wife, Deborah, died at the early age of twenty-eight years, the mother of three children, Maria E., Elizabeth A. (Mrs. Lowry) and Peter, who lives in Payette, Idaho, where he is prominent as a banker. Mr. and Mrs. Lowry have had no children of their own, but they have adopted a son, Charles, who was born Feb. 2, 1885. He is now cultivating the old Lowry homestead in Boggs township, residing there with his family. He was married to Iva Slagle, and they have four children, Robert, Arnold Greer, Mildred and Bernice Elizabeth.

Armstrong County, Pennsylvania; Her People, past and Present : Embracing a History of the County and a Genealogical and Biographical of Representative Families (Chicago: J. H. Beers & Co., 1914), 458.

Peter Pence

Among the sterling old pioneer citizens of Idaho, Peter Pence holds distinctive prestige as one who has been unusually active in advancing the progress and prosperity of this great western commonwealth. He has lived in this section of the country since 1862, and here has been engaged in numerous enterprises that have brought success to himself and that have reflected credit on his fair and honorable business methods. It is to the inherent force of character and commendable ambition and unremitting diligence of Mr. Pence himself that he steadily advanced in the business world until he now occupies a leading place among the active and representative citizens of Payette.

A native of the fine old Keystone State, Peter Pence was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, October 12, 1837. He is a son of George W. and Deborah (McKee) Pence, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania, and where the former was born in 1810. The father was engaged in agricultural pursuits and in the meat business during the major portion of his active career, and he was summoned to eternal rest in 1906, at the patriarchal age of ninety-six years. His cherished and devoted wife passed away in 1839, when the subject of this review was but eighteen months old. There were other children in the family, namely; Andrew, twin of Peter, died in childhood; Mrs. Maria Ellen Wilson, the mother of Congressman Edgar Wilson, of Boise; Elizabeth Ann, the wife of Robert Lowery, of Pennsylvania; Albert of Payette; Mrs. House, of Brooklyn; and Mrs. Handy, of Denver.

To the public schools of Armstrong, Pennsylvania, Peter Pence is indebted for his preliminary educational trailing. After leaving school he worked for his father for several years and in 1858 left Pennsylvania and went to Atchison, Kansas, whence he later went up the Missouri river to St. Joseph. In 1860 he went to Pikes Peak, Colorado, where he sojourned for a short time, eventually returning to Kansas, and there engaged in farming. In 1862 he came to Idaho, leaving the Missouri river at Atchison, Kansas, June 9th, and reaching this locality about October 1st. He traveled with ox teams, passing through many narrow escapes from Indians in crossing the continent. He settled in the Boise basin, where he was interested in mining projects, and where he remained for about one year. He then turned his attention to the freighting and packing business between Yumatilla, (sb Umatilla) Oregon, and the Boise basin and Silver City, and in 1864 he packed one load of freight into the latter place at twenty-eight dollars per one hundred pounds. In Silver City he also sold ten-pound cans of lard for ten dollars a can, oats at thirty dollars per hundred pounds, bacon at one dollar and a half a pound, this being in June of 1865. In 1866 he ran a threshing machine, and in this connection cleaned up about fifty dollars a day during 1864-4-5. At this time also provisions in the mining districts were usually expensive, flour selling for a dollar a pound, apple pies at a bakery for a dollar apiece, bacon for a dollar and a half a pound, ham for the same price, and lard for ten dollars a can.

In 1867 Mr. Pence went into the state of Washington and purchased a drove of cattle, which he brought to Idaho. He then engaged in farming and stock raising on the Payette river, about ten miles above the present city of Payette, and there remained for a number of years. In the years 1880 and 1881 he drove herds of cattle out of Payette valley into Wyoming, shipping the feeding steers to Omaha, Nebraska, and there getting three and three and one-quarter cents per pound. Since 1882 he has lived in Payette, and here he now vice-president of the First National Bank and of the New Plymouth Bank. He has money invested in a number of important business enterprises and is vice-president of the Idaho Canning Company. In politics he owns allegiance to the Republican party, and it is worthy of note here that he was the first mayor of Payette. He has served as school trustee, and during his administration was purchased the block where now stands the beautiful brick school building, surrounded by splendid shade trees set out at that time and under Mr. Pence’s supervision. In 1900 he was a state representative. He is a man of broad and deep human sympathy, his innate kindliness of spirit having won him the everlasting friendship and esteem of all with whom he has come in contact. Although seventy-five years of age, he is still hale and hearty, and it is with a spirit of satisfaction that he looks back over the past and realizes that he has been an important factor in making Idaho one of the substantial states of this great western empire.

On October 6, 1872, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Pence to Miss Anna Bixby, a daughter of Seth and Ellen Bixby, who crossed the plains from Missouri to Idaho in 1862. Mrs. Pence died July 18, 1906, in Payette, and here her loss was uniformly mourned by a wide circle of appreciative and loving friends. Concerning the six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Pence, the following brief data are here incorporated; Emma Belle is the wife of F. M. Satorris, of Payette, and they have two children; Edward C. is married and resides in Boise, Idaho, and he has two children; Lloyd, whose home is in Payette but who spends his summers at Big Willow, is married and has five children; Harry B.; Walter.; and Grace, who is the wife of R. D. Bradshaw and has three children. Harry B. and Walter G. are both married and occupy the old homestead. This homestead was the first location made on Big Willow Creek, and was made in 1867, one year before the country was surveyed and it was then and is now the best stock ranch in the surrounding country. It was at this ranch in the years 1877-878 that the Snake Indians as well as the Shoshones, Blackfeet and Nez Perces started in to drive all settlers out of the Snake River and Payette valleys or take their scalps. But the frontiersmen rallied to arms, built stockades, put their families in them and kept on the lookout. Mr. Pence remembers many times taking his bed and little ones and going to the grain field to sleep and leaving the home. And then looking up many times through the night to see if the redskins had fired the home yet. Mr. Pence had two brave cowboys, Albert Wilson and Albert Packson, who stayed in the house after the family left, but finally they went to the highest hill close by where they could overlook the valley at which place they did see the Indians telegraph from one mountain top to another. This was done by firing bunches of cut off dried grass and moving it in a certain manner. Those signals would be given from one mountain top to another, telling other warriors where they were and how many scalps they had taken or where the soldiers were, etc. Finally Mrs. Pence and the small children got too restless and the dangers increasing daily, Mr. Pence left the home, and took the family to Boise City. Here he went into the army, joining General O. O. Howard with several hundred men, both infantry and cavalry, who kept the Indians moving from mountain to mountain and driving all warriors out, of Southern Idaho and Eastern Oregon, through Northern Idaho into and through the Lulo Pass into Montana. Chief Joseph had by this time become head chief of all the tribes. One incident that took place on the old homestead at the mouth of Big Willow Creek; Fifteen warriors got within fifty yards of the house when Mr. Pence and his wife were alone. The only thing to do was to stand them off, which they did by getting their guns and bringing them to bear on the leaders, who were all mounted on their best ponies and dressed in full war paint. Standing in line for several minutes, having their repeating muskets on their shoulder, Mr. and Mrs. Pence bade the leaders repeatedly to go back, which they did eventually without bloodshed. Mr. Pence spends the greater part of his time with his children, whom he has started well in life, and who are now enjoying prosperity and happiness which in turn renders him the greatest happiness.

Hiram Taylor French, History of Idaho: A Narrative Account of Its Historical Progress, Its People and Its Principal Interests, Vol. II (Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), 865.

Memoirs of Allen H. Pence

South Whitley, Indiana
(24 Jun 1848 - 7 May 1940)
Company D, 129th Indiana Volunteer Infantry

After the battle of Chicamauga, President Lincoln in Oct.1863 called for 500,000 volunteers for three years or during the war. The 129th Indiana was one of the regiments organized in that call. The enlistment was started on October 1863.

The regiment was enlisted in what is now the Twelfth Congressional District. We were ordered to drill and camp at Kendalville. In January following we were moved by train to Michigan City. Enlistments were held back and we were not sworn in until [the] latter part of January 1864.

Our regiment officers were:

Along about the middle of March 1864, we were moved by train to Nashville, Tenn. There we met six other Indiana Regiments and were organized into the First Division of the 23rd Corp. - known as Hovay's Babies.

General Hovey [sic] was our division Commander.

We started on the march from Nashville, Tenn.. to Charleston, Tenn. about the 1st of April - camped there a few weeks.

On the 7th of May the rest of the 23rd Corp [sic] came from Knoxville and we joined them for the Atlanta campaign with John M. Schoffield as our Corp Commander.

We moved to Red-Clay Ga. And there heard our first skirmishing although we were not in the fight, from there we moved to what is known as Rocky-face or Tunnel Hill.

We were placed in the second line of battle, the confederates shelled us in that position, they shot high in the pine trees and the limbs fell about us, but no one was injured.

We were moved to the battlefield of Resaka, the battle lasted two days the 15th and the 16th of May. And we did not engage in the battle until the second day-there were several wounded and killed.

The Rebels retreated on the night of the 16th of May across the Oostennla (?) River. We followed across this river, and skirmished with them until we reached Altoona Hills.

In this Altoona Range of hills was a place where we had a stiff engagement and Captian Robbins of Company "G" was wounded and died ten days later and (a) number (were) wounded. From here the Confederates retreated to Kenesaw Mt. About the first of June '64.

The federal Army followed and there was terrific fighting around this mountain for a month. The Federal losses were very heavy at this time and among those who fell was the gallant General Harker. Sherman's losses were 8670. It was here that Col. Case resigned and Lieut. Col. Jollinger was promoted to Colonel. Major McGuire became Lieut. Col. Captian (sic) DeLong was promoted to Major.

The Confederates lost one of their commanders Gen. Leondies Polk, who was killed by a shot by one of the 5th Indiana Battery Boys. On the 4th and 5th of July, 1864, the Confederate Army retreated from the heavy fortifications to and across the Chattahooche River. Our Corp was the first Federal troop to cross this river-we crossed where Soap Creek enters, and built extensive fortifications to guard the bridge head. While camped here we received a New Flag and a New Banner from Gov. Morton of Indiana.

The ladies of Angola had presented us with a flag when (we) left Michigan City, but this flag was badly torn with shot and shell. On the 18th of July we moved and captured Decatur, Ga. And the Augusta R.R. We was moved to a position within sight of Atlanta and on that day the great battle of Atlanta was fought. However, we took no part in this battle.

Our losses were very heavy among the officers who were killed was Gen.. McPherson, and on the 6th of August fought what was known as the battle of Utoy Creek. John Mason our gallant flag bearer was killed, while we were charging the rebel works. When he fell, the flag fell and covered his body.

Dave DeLong, hospital stewart (sic) removed the flag and carried it on to the Rebel works.

Our losses of men, wounded killed were very great. Our next move was to capture Railroads below Atlanta They were taken, Confederates evacuated Atlanta on the 2nd of September.

Sherman sent a telegram to Lincoln stating-"Atlanta is Ours and fairly won." Our losses on the AtlantaCampaign were 36500 men.

On October 5th found us marching again by Kenesaw Mt. To support Gen. John M. Crose, who was fighting a desperate battle at Altoona. We arrived too late for this engagment (sic) as the Rebels had retreated. We followed Gen. Hood nearly all over north Georgia and the middle of October we were at Resacka, we were ordered by train to Johnsonville Tenn. We camped here a month and were moved by train to Columbia: Tenn. -met the retreating army of Gen Schofield and made and made (sic) the famous retreat within sight of the Rebels and they did not molest us.

On the morning of the 30th of November, we went into position at Franklin and built the line of works from which the great Battle of Franklin was fought. The losses were staggering for the confederates.

The confederate loss was 6252. Generals killed were Gist, Cleburne, Adams, Strallet and Granburg. After the battle we Retreated to Nashville-on the 15th and 16th of December the battle of Nashville was fought which utterly destroyed the effectiveness of the Western Confederate Army. Generals Gordon, Brown, Carter, Cebell, Scott, Mariqualt, Inarles and Walthall (sentence unfinished.)

Losses of the confederate Army were 15000 and they lost all their artillery. Yanks loss was 2326 men. This Victory for the federal side was a great tribute to the ability of General George H. Thomas.

After this battle our Regiment with the 23rd Corp were ordered to march to Clifton Tenn. Where we were moved by boats and went down the Tennese [sic] River and up Ohio River to Cincinati, at this city we were moved by train for Washington.

We [word missing] here a month and were ordered to Fort Fisher N. Car. by boat. We stayed a few days and by boat again to Newborne N. Car. From Newbourne, we marched to what was called Wise's Cross Roads and here on the 9th and 10th of March 1865 we had one of the severest little battles that we fought. This however was our last engagment.

We marched from there to Goldsboro, N.Car. where we met Gen. Sherman's victorious Army and we all marched to Raleigh, N. Car.

On the 10th of April, we heard of the surrender of Gen. Lee's Army. I suspect lwords missing] had ever been in our lives, we knew the killing was over and we were going home to our Fathers, Mothers and Sweethearts. We didn't go immediately as we were kept to act as guards for Government property until Civil government could be established. On August 29th 1865 we were mustered out at Charlotte, N. Car.

Notes: There is no date indicating when the material was written. It was sent 13 Mar 1958 by Allen H. Pence's dughter, Susan (Pence) Parker to her grand-niece, Tamsen Pence (Mrs. David Soucher). Mrs. Parker's transmittal letter stated: "Father was 15 years of age when [words missing] to war and was past 17 years before he returned home to South Whitley, Indiana… . I did copy the history that Father gave at one of his reunion [sic] of the 129th. So hope it will be of some interest." Mrs. Soucher, in her message to me, wrote: "Allen H. Pence had two children, Sue and Cullen. Sue married a preacher, Paul Parker, and moved to Fort Wayne. Cullen was one of the founders of Boynton, Florida. He raised tomatoes and pineapples. He married Emma Ewing, the school teacher, May 10, 1904. They had two sons, Allen Ewing Pence (1905-1969) (my father) and Phil Weimer Pence. Cullen Pence died around 1910." - Richard A. Pence

Laverne K. Pence

LAVERNE K. PENCE when a young man familiarized himself with all details of the automobile, both from the business and the technical and mechanical standpoint. Some years ago he located at Bozeman, and in a comparatively short time has built up the leading garage and one of the chief automobile sales agencies in Southern Montana. The business is known as L. K. Pence & Co. Mr. Pence was born at Fairfield, Washington, September 14, 1892. His father, Charles F. Pence, was born in Illinois in 1869, was reared in his native state, and when a young man joined an emigrant train going overland to California. From California he moved to Washington, where he married, and he spent some time as a prospector in the Coeur D'Alene country. He also lived at Fairfield, and is now a resident of Spokane, where for several years he was an attorney and a real estate broker, but is now retired. He is a democrat in politics. Charles F. Pence married Mary Beatrice Koontz, who was born in Missouri in 1872. Laverne K. is the oldest of their children. Grace is the wife of Leslie Francis, a wholesale produce merchant at Spokane; Irlene Winifred is a student in the University of Washington at Seattle. Roy is in the Spokane High School and Carl is a pupil in the grade schools of Spokane. Laverne K. Pence received his early education at Spokane, attended high school there, and at the age of eighteen left his studies to become a mechanic for F. A. Williams, the Ford agent at Spokane. For several years he had no other enthusiasm than the automobile, and he was soon pronounced an expert in the business. In August, 1916, he was appointed traveling representative for the Ford Motor Company, and until October of the same year traveled over the States of Montana, Idaho and Washington. In October, 1917, he established his business at Bozeman, his partner being his former employer, F. A. Williams, of Spokane, until 1920. The firm of L. K. Pence & Company is now owned entirely by Mr. Pence. The garage and offices are at the corner of Babcock Street and Black Avenue. Mr. Pence handles automobile accessories, and is local agent for Ford cars, tractors and farm implements. He does business all over Gallatin County and as far as Willow Creek, Harrison and Pony. Mr. Pence is still interested in mining in Alaska, Montana and Idaho. He is independent in politics and a member of Bozeman Lodge No. 463 of the Elks. His home is in the Clark Apartments at 616 South Third Avenue. Mr. Pence married in Spokane September 8, 1916, Miss Florence Jones, a daughter of W. C. and Rosa (Marvin) Jones, residents of Spokane. Her father is a practicing attorney. Mrs. Pence is a graduate of the South Central High School of Spokane. They have one daughter, Jane Marvin, born September 24, 1918.

Tom Stout [editor], Montana, Its Story and Biography; A History of Aboriginal and Territorial Montana and Three Decades of Statehood (Chicago and New York: The American Historical Society, 1921), Vol II, 29-30.

Robert Lucas Pence

ROBERT L. PENCE, born in Stark County, Ohio, June 2, 1835, was one of seven children of William and Nancy (Black) Pence, who were natives of Pennsylvania and Ireland respectively. Our subject left the home of his parents at the age of seventeen, to fight the battle of life for himself, and farmed for different parties till 1855, in which year, on February 22, he was married to Mary A. Ummel, born in Columbiana County, Ohio, and who bore him seven children, two only of whom are living - William E. and Hiram M. Mrs. Pence died February 10, 1866, and March 20, 1867, Mr. P. took for his second wife Magdalen Biery, also a native of Columbiana County, Ohio, by whom also he had six children - Norman H., Cora E., Corwin, Denver N., Charles E., Harvey E. Mr. Pence owns eighty acres of fine land in this township, and a one-half interest in the Forest Flouring Mill, which he purchased the spring of 1882. In politics, he is a Democrat, and in 1869 was elected Justice of the Peace, which office he still retains.

Weston Arthur Goodspeed [historical editor], Charles Blanchard [biographical editor], Weston Arthur Goodspeed [main author], Charles Blanchard (added author], Counties of Whitley and Noble, Indiana : historical and biographical, illustrated (Chicago: F.A. Battey & Co., 1882), Part 2, Nob ble County, Jefferson Township.

Martin Pence, Frederick Pence, Hamilton Pence

MARTIN, FREDERICK and HAMILTON PENCE are the children of John and Mary F. (Hoffman) Pence, natives of the "Old Dominion," where they were reared and married. They moved from Virginia to Champaign County, Ohio, in 1822. There were five children born to them, and some years after their removal to the Buckeye State the mother died. The father married for his second wife, Barbara Loudenback, and by this marriage there were nine children. The father had been a soldier of the war of 1812, and always followed farming and was a hard-working, industrious man, and respected and useful citizen. Martin Pence, son by the first wife, was born in Page County, Va., July 9, 1818. Frederick, his brother, in the same county and State, April 4, 1820; and Hamilton, in Champaign County, Ohio, January 26, 1822. These sons received but little or no education, and after the death of their mother fared very poorly at the hands of the stepmother. Long before they were able, they were compelled to perform the same and as much work as that of full-grown men. Martin left home when about seventeen, and for some years worked by the day or month, and at anything he could turn an honest penny at. His wages were small, and it was only by the hardest work and strictest economy that he succeeded in saving a little money. He was married to Miss Barbara Loudenback August 6, 1843. She was born in Champaign County, Ohio, May 8, 1820. From this union were born six children, viz., Noah, John, David, Susannah, Melissa and Josephine. Noah served his country in the late war, in the Eighty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He died at Nashville, Tenn., while in his country's service. Martin lived in Champaign County, Ohio, following farming till 1850, when he came to this county and located on the farm he now owns. The place was all woods and had no improvements. He now owns 160 acres. He is a Democrat and a member of the Baptist Church. Frederick Pence also went through many hardships and privations in youth and for years after he came to this county, which was in 1850. He was fifteen when he left his parental roof and began the battle of life. Having no education, there was no opening but hard, physical labor. He went to work with a will and labored at whatever he could find to do. He married Miss Susan Jenkins April 26, 1840. She was born in Champaign County, Ohio, September 12, 1819. From this union ten children were born, viz., Philander R., Rose A., Mary F., Nancy J., Amanda, John W., Bell, Sabra, Tamson and Martha. Five of these children are deceased. In 1847, Frederick and his brother Hamilton came to this county and purchased some land, paying $3.50 per acre for it. They then went back to Ohio, and in 1850 both came to this county and located on their land. At the time of marriage, Frederick had no property. He has always worked hard and has accumulated considerable wealth. He now owns 120 acres of land and a nice and comfortable home in South Whitley. He has given liberally to his children. He is a Republican in politics, and a member of the U. B. Church. Hamilton Pence left home when thirteen years of age, and up to the time of marriage had little or no means ahead. He worked by day, month and job. He and brother Frederick would chop cord wood at 25 cents per cord and make rails at 25 cents per hundred, taking in pay wheat, corn whisky or anything they could convert into money. In 1850, Hamilton came to this county and located on what is now the Goble farm, in Cleveland Township. He was married in Champaign County, Ohio, July 24, 1844, to Miss Sarah Harbour. She was born in Champaign County, Ohio, August 8, 1819. From this union there were six children, two of whom are now living, viz., Allen and Joseph. Those deceased were, Lovina, Tamson, Richard and Jason. Allen served his country in the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry during the late war. Hamilton Pence, after his marriage, lived with his father-in-law some time, then moved on a small place belonging to him, where he remained until 1845, when he moved to Jefferson County, Iowa, but after living there about a year, and in Illinois, near Springfield, some months, returned to Ohio, where he remained till he came to this county in 1850. After living some years in Cleveland Township and clearing ninety acres of land, he sold it and went to Champaign County, Ohio, and purchased his father-in-law's farm, but after a year sold that, and again came to this county, where he has since resided. He owned 320 acres of land, but has given 160 of it to his sons. He is a Republican, and a member of the U. B. Church. In taking a retrospective view of the life, success and acquirements of the Pence brothers, it can be truly said of them that they were self-made men. They began life as very poor boys, but by hard work and economy, coupled with strict honesty and straight dealings, have made for themselves and families comfortable homes and secured an enviable reputation among the people with whom they have lived, and in the county which they have helped to improve. They were stanch Union men during the late war, contributing over $1,500 for sanitary and other purposes. They are ever ready to help the weak and oppressed, and have liberally contributed to all religious, educational and other worthy enterprises.

From: Historical and Biographical Sketches of Whitley and Noble Counties, Indiana (Chicago: Weston A. Goodspeed and Charles Blanchard, 1882), 298-299.

Joseph Pence

JOSEPH PENCE, of township 17, 7 north range 10 west, section 18, was born in Rockingham county, Virginia, March 10, 1814. His parents were John and Mary (Smith) Pence, both being natives of Virginia. They had three sons and five daughters; Mr. Pence, of this sketch, is the only survivor. One brother died in Davis County, Iowa, and two sisters also died in the same place. The other three sisters died in Cass county, Illinois, and the remaining brother in Scott county, Illinois. The parents both died in Rockingham county, Virginia, the father in June, and the mother in September, 1834. Mr. Joseph Pence was married in Page county, Virginia, in 1837, to Sarah A. Samuels, of the same county, born in 1812. After marriage the young couple went to Kentucky and remained until 1838, when they removed to Morgan county, Illinois, where they have resided. Mr. Pence bought 205 acres of land, which he has greatly improved. Mrs. Pence died in 1878, and her husband still mourns her loss. Mr. Pence has always been a Democrat and has held the various offices in his township, and was a member of the IOOF. Mrs. Pence bore her husband six children, namely: Joseph W., a farmer in Iowa, is a widower with nine children; Sarah Ellen, a widow who keeps house for her father. The other children are dead. The daughter married Thomas D. Chapman, who was born near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, January 27, 1842, and was a soldier in Company 1, One Hundred and Fifteenth Illinois Infantry, serving three years and three months. He returned home somewhat broken in health and never entirely recovered, dying August 5, 1885. He left four children and widow to mourn his loss. The children were: Louie, now Mrs. P. H. Caldwell; Charles F., Albert B. and Joseph H. are all at home with their grandfather, the first named being a member of the SOns of Veterans. Mrs. Chapman was born on the farm on which she now resides, and has always lived there. She is a member of the Providence Presbyterian Church. Her husband was a member of the Masonic order.

From: Biographical Review of Cass, Schuyler and Brown Counties, Illinois (Chicago: Biographical Review Pub. Co., 1892. Reprinted by Stevens Publ. Co., Astoria, Illinois, 1971)

Lydia Ann Pence

LYDIA ANN PENCE, deceased - 1835 or prior, Joliet, IL, first wife of Robert Stevens, also deceased, of Joliet, IL. Three children were the fruit of this marriage - all dead. See bio of Robert Stevens for additional information about him. [NOTE: She was born 5 Jan 1810 in Champaign County, Ohio, the daughter of John Pence and Elizabeth Steinberger. She married Robert Stevens 17 Jan 1828 in Bartholomew County, Indiana.]

From: The History of Will County, Illinois (Chicago: William LeBaron, Jr., and Co., 1878), 720.

William Albert Pence

In the passing of William Albert Pence, Dyersburg lost a most highly esteemed and representative citizen. He was born in Fort Wayne, Indiana, on the 10th of June, 1879, and his demise occurred in Dyersburg on the 24th of February, 1918. For many years he was active in the milling business in Dyersburg and although he had been handicapped by blindness since June 19, 1915, he continued to operate the sawmill with substantial success until his demise. For some time previous to his death he was in poor health and had received treatment at the hands of Mayo Brothers and other well known specialists in the country. On the morning of the 24th of February his wife went to his room and found him dead. Since that time she has taken over the management of the business and may be found at the plant every day in the year. Previous to her husband's demise she knew nothing about the business but now she is considered an expert judge of hickory, the principal business of the mill being its work in hickory dimensions. Many a woman of less strength of character would have failed where Mrs. Pence has succeeded and she has the respect of the entire community. On the 10th of June, 1902, at Dyersburg was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Pence to Miss Mildred Martine Jones, a daughter of Benjamin F. and Alice Maria (Jenkins) Jones of Jackson, Michigan. Her father was born in South Wales, while her mother was a native of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Pence two children were born: Dorys Mirriam Chrystelle, whose birth occurred on the 26th of August, 1904; and Max Demonte, born on the 19th of April, 1907. The children are living with their mother in Dyersburg. Throughout his life Mr. Pence was a stanch advocate and supporter of good government and he was never too busy to give his aid in the furtherance of any movement for the development and improvement of the general welfare. His religious faith was that of the Baptist church, to the support of which he was a generous contributor and he was one of the organizers of the Baraca Bible class of his church. Fraternally he was a Master Mason and a member of the Knights of Pythias. During the years of his residence in Dyersburg, Mr. Pence wielded a great influence for good in the community and was highly esteemed for his integrity and sterling worth.

From: Tennessee, The Volunteer State, 1769-1923, Vol. 4.

James Fleming

James Fleming, a pioneer of Pepin township, Pepin county, in his day widely known and respected, but now deceased, was born at Kittanning, Armstrong countym, Penn., Aug. 31, 1816, and died at Pepin, May 14, 1887. He was of Irish descent, his parents being John and Sarah (Everett) Fleming. After acquiring a limited education, James Fleming, at 19 years of age, began life as a pilot on a lumber raft, running on the Allegheny and Ohio rivers. In 1837 he made a trip as far as New Orleans. He was married December 27, 1838, to Susan, daughter of Henry and Betsy (Gumbert) PENCE. She was born March 31, 1820. Mr. Fleming worked as a carpenter, as an employee in a distillery, and at farming until 1848, when he removed to Jefferson county, Pennsylvania, where he bought a farm and also engaged in lumbering. In 1854 he made a trip to Pepin and decided to locate here with his family. The following year he loaded his goods and family into a wagon and started to drive to Wisconsin. One horse became lame, and he then shipped his outfit on a steamboat from Pittsburgh, paying all his ready money for their fare to Dubuque, Iowa. On the route he was siezed with cholera and landed penniless at Davenport. A part of the wagon had been miscarried, so they were unable to proceed by team. Riding the horses out a few miles, they were met and befriended by a farmer, who kindly entertained the family, gave Mr. Fleming medicine, which soon caused him to recover, and advanced him a small sum of money. The balance of his money having arrived in the meanwhile, the family drove to Le Claire, Iowa, where Mr. Fleming got work teaming, with the proceeds of which the journey was continued Guttenburg, Iowa. Here he took passage by steamer to Reed's landing, Minn., agreeing to leave the goods as security for a portion of their fare, which was advanced by a merchant at Reed's on their arrival, who took security on the goods. Crossing to Pepin, Mr. Fleming began teaming, redeemed his goods, and the following year, 1856, made a claim on section 17, tow nship 23, range 14 Here he built a log cabin and began the work of developing a farm, continuing to make improvements until his death. He was an active enterprising man, a member of the Protestant Methodist church and respected by all who knew him. His wife died about 1894. Their children are as follows: John, born March 23, 1840, now a farmer in section 19, Pepin township; Nancy J., born Nov. 6, 1841, who died Dec. 7, 1845; Elizabeth, born Dec. 14, 1842, who died Dec. 2, 1845; Thomas M., born Oct. 13, 1844, who died Dec. 1, 1845; Milton, born April 6, 1846, who lives at Plum Creek, Pepin county; Eliza, born June 19, 1847, who first married Fred Young, after his death became the wife of Frank Dunn, and now lives with her son, James, at Chisolm, Minn., and Sarah E., born Feb. 27, 1849, who died Feb. 2, 1890.

From: Franklyn Curtiss-wedge [compiler] The History of Buffalo and Pepin Counties, Wisconsin (Winona, Minnesota: H. c. cooper, Jr., & Co., 1919), 783.

Joseph J. Pence

Joseph J. Penceo is entitled to special mention because of the distinction that is his of having lived in Smith township the longest of any pioneer settler, was born in Fayette county, Ohio, November 20, 1831, and is the son of George C. and Sarah (Windle) Pence. The paternal grandfather was Philip Pence, a native of Germany who came to America in early life and settled on a farm in Highland county, Ohio. It is stated that he was bringing corn from Kentucky and when crossing the Ohio on a ferry boat it sprung a leak and sank. He jumped on one of his horses and it is supposed was kicked and so stunned that he was drowned. George C. Pence was born in Highland county, Ohio, November 20, 1791, being forty years older to the day than Joseph J. In 1836 he disposed of his farm in Fayette county and with his family started with a wagon and team to drive to Whitley county, arriving there November 18th. He bought all of section 19, Smith township, the purchase price being twelve hundred dollars and here he lived until he went to Hardin county, Iowa, in 1856, trading the old homestead with Joseph J. He was the first man to drive through Smith township. At that day the woods were inhabited by a great number of Indians and deer and other wild animals, the most numerous of which was wolfs, and he was compelled to cut his way through the forests to reach his destination, having selected the land the spring before. Mr. Pence was married in Fayette county, Ohio, to Sarah Windle, who was born in Shenandoah county, Virginia, November 19, 1792. Mr. and Mrs. George Pence were the parents of ten children, Henry, Eliza, Abraham, John, Absalom, Catherine, Willis F., Elizabeth, Joseph J., and Jesse. Mrs. Pence died August 18, 1854, at the old homestead and he died in Iowa about 1866. He was married again in Iowa to Mrs. Gauger, whose maiden name was Reese and who formerly lived in Whitley county. Joseph J. lacked but two days of being five years of age when he came to the present home. With the exception of about one year, when he resided in Iowa, he has lived ever since on the farm. In 1854 he went to Hardin county, Iowa, exchanging two years later with his father and renting the old homestead, getting one hundred and twenty acres, which his father first purchased. On this land he raises all the crops common to this section of Indiana and has achieved a marked and definite success in his calling, a success which may be credited entirely to his own efforts, directed and controlled by wise judgment and keen discrimination. Mr. Pence has been twice married, his first union being with Susan Waugh, who was born in Ross county, Ohio, in 1837 the daughter of Joseph and Nancy (Harper) Waugh, the latter of whom recently died at the ripe old age of ninety. This union was blessed with the birth of six children: Mary Elizabeth, wife of J. J. Smith, a resident of Whitley county, has two children , Jessie and Minnie; Eldora, who died in childhood; James Abraham Lincoln, a resident of Smith township, married Miriam Coulter and has two children, Evan J. and Lylia May; Florence, wife of F. J. Heller, an attorney of Columbia City, has three children, Kate, Grace and Lois; William Judson, a resident of Columbia City, married Zella Clark and has two children, Hallie and Alice Amelia. Mrs. Pence died June 6, 1871. Mr. Pence's second marriage, which took place November 14, 1872, was with Alice Henney, who was born in Whitley county September 17, 1851, and is the daughter of Philip and Charlotte (Richard) Henney, natives of Stark county, Ohio, who came to Whitley county in 1849. Mr. and Mrs. Pence are members of the Methodist church, he having belonged to this body for nearly sixty years. He distinctly recalls the first sermon he ever heard, which was delivered in his father's cabin by a traveling preacher when he was seven years of age. Mr. Pence now owns one hundred and sixty acres, after having given a farm to each of three children. In 1870, Mr. Pence erected a fine brick residence, which is thoroughly equipped with every modern convenience, and he soon forged to the front as an enterprising tiller of the soil. He has always kept abreast of the times in the matter of advanced agriculture, his beautiful and highly cultivated farm being at this time one of the finest and most attractive places in Whitley county, as well as one of the most highly improved. Mr. Pence is the only surviving member of the Pence family and relates many interesting incidents pertaining to the pioneer days of Whitley county. He has four great-grandchildren. In politics he gives an unqualified allegiance to the Republican party. He is a man of excellent business judgment and sterling integrity and is deserving of the success which has accompanied his efforts.

From: S. P. Kaler and R. H. Maring, The History of Whitley County, Indiana (1907), 626.

Joseph O. Pence

Joseph O. Pence, a farmer living in Concord township, Champaign County, was born on a farm near where he now lives on July 12, 1858. He was a son of George and Mary (Barger) Pence. The mother was a native of Virginia. George Pence was born in 1820 in Champaign county, Ohio. After his marriage he lived in Concord township and several years later he went to Indiana and established the future home of the family. His children were named as follows: Catherine is the wife of R. S. Comer; John lives in Chicago; George W., of Concord township; Adam is farming near Woodville, Ohio; Jennie is the widow of James Heath of California; Andrew Oglfarming in Johnson township, this county; Joseph O., of this sketch; Emma is the wife of Pete Wilson and they live in Rosewood, Ohio. Joseph O. Pence was reared on the home farm. He attended the disaetts'Chools until he was thirteen years old, when he started working out, working in a brickyard for some time. He was employed by James Heath for a while, later returned home and lived with his mother until her death. Mr. Pence married Sarah Woodard, on October 6, 1885. She was born November 12, 1848. To their union one daughter was born, Bertha Pence, whose birth occurred on February 4, 1890. She was graduated from the hight school at Eris, Champaign County, and she is now the wife of Charles Chester and they live in Salem township, this county; they have two children, namely Wendell V. and Bonita F. Mr. Pence owns 41 and one half acres in Concord towship, where he is making a very comfortable living. Politally he is a Democrat. He wife is a member of the Concrod Methodist Church.

[From: Evan P. Middleton, History of Champaign County, Ohio: its people, industries and institutions; with biographical sketches of representative citizens and genealogical records of many of the old families (Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen, 1917), 527-528

Joseph Stayton Pence

Republican-Record Reader 40 Years; Joseph S. Pence,
one of our most loyal and devoted friends and
reads; Voted for John C. Fremont

Born in Ohio in 1836, and came to
Carroll County in 1869, where he
has continued to make his home.

This week we present to our readers a likeness of the familiar face of Squire Joseph S. Pence, of Eugene Township, who is known and respected as one of the best citizens within the borders of Carroll county. During his long life in this community, he has made friends with all our older people, and has the confidence of all.

Joseph S. Pence was born in Adams county, Ohio, January 8, 1836, and here he grew to early manhood. He was reared to farm labor and has always been an industrious tiller of the soil. In the public schools he acquired a fair education and during his minority he assisted in the cultivation of the home farm and in various other ways contributed to the support of the family. Politically he has always been a Republican. He comes of a Republican stock, his father being an old line Henry Clay Whig, and in the organization of the republican party in 1856, he cast his first vote for John C. Freemont. The subject of this sketch is one of the few remaining veterans of the Civil War, whom now we see on the downward road few in number and feeble in strength. He was a member of Co. I 39th Ohio Volunteers, and served through the entire war.

On June the 10th, 1858 he was married to Harriett Dryden, of Brown County, Ohio. They were the parents of 9 children, six of whom with his wife are living.

He came to Missouri in 1869 and purchased a farm two miles east of Wakenda and after living there four years, he sold this place, and bought a number one 80 acre tract on the upland and there he lived twenty-five years, and sold that place and bought an improved property in Wakanda, where he now lives.

Mr. Pence always took an active interest in politics and was elected several time Justice of Peace and a member of the township board and at the present time is notary public, and is engaged in the insurance business.

Mr. Pence has been a Mason for many years, and is at present a member of Wakanda Lodge, No. 52, A.F.&A.M. of Carrollton. He is a splendid citizen, upon whim the shadow of reproach or suspicion has never been cast, and we trust that he may be spared for many years to come to his family, his friends, and the community in which he has resided so long.

From: The Republican, Carrollton, Carroll County, Missouri, Vol. XLVI, 1914 (month and date unknown).

George W. Pence

GEORGE W. PENCE, who with his son, Harry Pence, owns a fine farm of eighty-eight acres in Brown Township, Miami County, on which he resides, owns also the old homestead farm of 109 acres, in Lost Creek Township, on which he was born in September, 1852. His parents were John N. and Susannah (Shidler) Pence.

Paul Pence, the grandfather of George W., was a very early settler in Lost Creek Township, coming to this section immediately following his marriage and passing the whole of his subsequent life here, dying at the age of seventy-five years. He was also a native of Miami County.

John N. Pence was born on the home farm in Lost Creek Township, a son of Paul and Mary (Newport) Pence. After his marriage he purchased the farm of 109 acres now owned by his son, George W., and died there in 1864, a victim of typhoid fever, when but thirty- three years of age. He married Susannah Shidler and they had three children: George W., the only survivor; William, who was accidentally killed by a falling tree; and Elmira Jane, who died when aged three years.

George W. Pence obtained his education in the schools of Lost Creek Township, after which he went to live with his uncle, on his grandfather's farm, and remained there until his marriage, when he took up his residence on the home place in Lost Creek Township and lived there until a fire destroyed the house on January 1, 1896. For the next seven years, Mr. Pence and family lived on the Morton farm. In the spring of 1904 he came to his present place in Brown Township and after settling here commenced quite a large amount of improving. The brick residence then standing had been built in 1838 and was still in a good state of preservation, but Mr. Pence had it thoroughly renovated and built a frame addition which has added to its comfort quite considerably. He devotes all his land to general farming and is numbered with the township is prosperous agriculturists.

Mr. Pence married Miss Josephine Shanks, who was born and reared on the present home farm. Her father was Daniel Shanks and her grandfather was Peter Shanks, the latter of whom entered this land from the Government. For years he was a prominent pioneer of this part of Miami County and he lived until 1887, dying when aged ninety-three years. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have three children, namely: Harry, who resides at home; Myrtle, who is the wife of Walter Reed, a farmer of Miami County, has three children; and Ivy, who married William Mitchell, of Champaign County, has one son, Harry. Mr. Pence and family belong to the Christian Church. In politics he is a Democrat. The only office he has ever accepted has been that of school director, in which he has served for twenty-one years. He is identified with the fraternal order of Odd Fellows.

From: Thomas C. Harbaught, Centennial History, Troy, Piqua, and Miami County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens (Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company, 1909), 741.

Thomas Jefferson Pence, V. S.

THOMAS JEFFERSON PENCE, V. S., who has been a resident of Troy for a period covering quite twenty-two year, has devoted himself almost exclusively to his profession during this time and is well known all over the county. He was born in Lost Creek Township, Miami County, Ohio, where he still owns two excellent farms, February 24, 1847, and is a son of James T. Pence and Nancy (Shidler) Pence. The late James T. Pence was born in 1822, in Warren County, Ohio, and came to Miami County in the early thirties . He was a carpenter by trade and also engaged in farming. His death took place February 24, 1883. The mother survived many years, dying April 21, 1908, aged eighty-eight years, three months and five days.

T. J. Pence was educated in the district schools and afterward engaged in farming. For some forty years he has been a veterinary surgeon and since coming to Troy has given his entire attention to this profession, in which he has been more than usually successful. Dr. Pence was married March 15, 1892 to Miss Eliza Julian Roach, who is a daughter of Revel Roach, who was a prominent farmer in Clark County, Ohio, where Mrs. Pence was born and reared. She is a member of the Presbyterian Church at Troy.

From: Thomas C. Harbaught, Centennial History, Troy, Piqua, and Miami County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens (Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company, 1909), 396.

Thomas J. Pence

THOS. J. PENCE, farmer; P. O. Conover; was bn. in Lost Creek Township, Mia. Co., Feb. 24, 1847, & is a son of Jas. T. & Nancy (Shidler) Pence; Jas. was a native of Lost Creek Township, & Nancy of Pa.; they had by this union 7 children, all of whom are now living. Our subject was raised on the farm, where he assisted his father in the agricultural duties connected therewith, & in his boyhood days enjoyed the privileges of the district schools, where he obtained a common education, & since his majority he has improved the same by self-study, particularly in the science of mathematics; in 1868, he purchased his present farm of 80 acres, in Sec. 8, Bwn. Twnshp., Mia. Co., which is under good cultivation, & since has also purchased 80 acs. in Wells Co., In.. Dec. 18, 1848, he md. Mary E. Blackford, who is a daug. of David & Sarah A. Blackford.

From: The History of Miami County, Ohio : Containing a History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and >ocal Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1880), Brown Township, 495.

Paul N. S. Pence

PAUL N. S. PENCE, teacher & farmer; P. O. Piqua. He was bn. in this county in 1835, & is the son of Paul Pence Sr., who was a native of Va., bn. in 1800, & came to Warren Co., Oh., in 1811, with his parents; he afterward came to this Co., & in 1821, md. Mary Newport, who was bn. in Warren Co., Oh., in 1801; they were the parents of 8 children, of whom Paul is the 7th, who was brought up to agricultural pursuits, & in 1865, md. Marg. A. Sayers, who was bn. in this Co. in 1841, & is a daug. of Saml. & Jane (Sims) Sayers; Mr. Sayers was bn. in this Co. & his wife in Va.; Mr. & Mrs. Pence have by their union 3 sons, viz., Arthur L. M., bn. Jan. 15, 1870; Harry B., May 31, 1872; Frank M., Jul. 31, 1874. Mr. Pence is located on his farm of 112 acs. in Sec. 18, where he held the office of Twnshp. Treasurer 11 yrs., Trustee 1 yr., & has taught school since 1854, with the exception of 2 winters.

From: The History of Miami County, Ohio : Containing a History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and >ocal Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1880), Spring Creek Township.

William Lossen Pence

WM. L. PENCE, farmer; P. O. Ginghamsburg; is a man of much influence in his neighborhood; his farm, adjoining the pleasant little village of Ginghamsburg, is highly improved, & is a cozy, homelike place. Wm. was bn. in Champaign Co. in 1821; his parents, Reuden & Annie Pence, coming to this Co. in 1835; they settled 1st in Champaign Co. in 1804; they had 6 children - Ocey, Phoebe, Mary, Annie, Rhoda J. & Wm. L.; his grandparents both lived to the extraodinary age of 104 yrs.. Wm. was md. to Miss Harriet Rudy in 1848. They were the parents of 1 son, Jos. B.. Mrs. Pence died in 1849, & Jos. in 1863. In 1851, Mr. Pence was md. to Miss Barbara Rudy; they are the parents of 5 children - Harriet T., Alfred F., Mary Annetta, Wm. H. & Daisy P.. Harriet is the wife of J. F. Kerr, & is the mother of Guy & Wm. Newell Kerr. Alfred md. Miss Ella Stoher, & Mary is the wife of John F. Eidemiller. The children are all well educated, & Alfred is engaged in teaching. W. L. Pence was elected Justice of the Peace in 1867, & served 2 terms; for 23 yrs., he has been connected with the School Board, which is a good record in itself. Both himself & wife are members of the Bapt. Church. He has been Twnshp. Trustee for 4 yrs.; he votes the Republican ticket, & is 1 of the most genial of men; he has also been connected with the ministry for 14 yrs., & has done much for the cause he loves.

From: The History of Miami County, Ohio : Containing a History of the County; Its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and >ocal Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1880), Monroe Township, 653.

Jacob Arthur Pence

PENCE, JACOB ARTHUR: Retired; b Woodstock, Va Aug 24, 1860; s of Lemuel A Pence-Harriet Durrow; ed grade sch; m Betty Kinney Nov 19, 1884 Schuyler; s Arthur Jacob, Roy Lester; foster dau Helen Gertrude (Mrs Verne Grosvenor); 4 years in milling bus in Va; 1880-83 in milling bus, Schuyler; 1883-87 opr hdw store; 1887-1908 owner hdw store; 1909-14 in hdw bus, Madison; 1915-24 in hdw bus in Aurora; 1924 sold to son, ret from active bus; 1888-94 city treas, 1894-96 mayor of Schuyler; 1930-32, 1936- 38 mayor of Aurora; treas AF&AM; Scot Rite 32 degree; past high priest Shekinah ch RAM; past noble grand IOOF; Meth Ch; hobbles, home, flower gardening; res 1005 9th, Aurora.

Arthur Jacob Pence

This is the Life of Arthur J. Pence as written by himself at ninety-five years

I must start with my heritage. My father, Jacob Arthur Pence was, born August 24, 1860 in Woodstock, Virginia, son of L[emuel]. A. and Harriet Durrow Pence, one of 10 children, 4 sons and 6 daughters. Jacob was the first born. He was in school for the first 6 grades. His father was a builder of the "Wheel" for the big covered wagons used by the settlers "going west." At age 14 he was farmed out to learn the trade of a Millwright at Jackson, Virginia, where he remained for 4 years.

At age 18 he was shipped West to Ft. Collins, Colorado, to make and Set up a new mill, install the rock grinder for all grain. At that time, there was no metal tube to move the grain from grain to flour. The Millwright made all "shoots" or tubes, all angles, all sizes and to all places in the prebuilt building from select woods, all so perfect that even flour could not leak through.

About 1880 the mill completed, he was sent to install all equipment to a large new mill in Schuyler, Nebraska. This was to be a four year project.

During his time in Schuyler, as a single man, he bought a grey horse, a one seat buggy with a folding top, and a sleigh. These he kept in the livery stable for his pleasure. In Nebraska, cold days and snow last for five months.

He boarded and roomed at the Schuyler House, a 25 room two-story rooming house. The charge was $5.00 a week. The place was owned. by Jessie Kinney, whose wife Samantha had died at the birth of a girl named Betty on March 2, 1862 in Broadwell, Illinois. He had remarried and taken his family to a homestead in Colfax County, Nebraska. In 1883 they moved to Schuyler, Nebraska. At age 21, Betty took over the management of the dining room.

A romance soon blossomed between Jacob Pence and Betty Kinney. He had finished his work at the mill and decided to remain in Schuyler and go into the hardware business. It was said that Jacob Pence, in order to get Betty to say "yes" had found a 4 room empty rundown cottage which he secretly bought for a little down and refurbished it. Later, on taking a walk with Betty, he took his key to open the door, showed her through the cottage and admitted his ownership. It was then that she accepted his proposal. They were married November 19, 1884. To this union were born three sons, Lemuel, who died at 6 years, Arthur Jacob, born October 2, 1889 now writing this history, and Roy, born 1895, who died in 1943.

Father Pence was a 32nd degree Mason and a Past Grand Patron of the IOOF lodge for 68 years. Father and mother were members of the Methodist church from the date of their marriage. She was an officer in the Rebekah Lodge and Eastern Star. They adopted a daughter, Gertrude, on January 1, 1900 whom they raised as their own. Mother Pence died in 1943. Her great love was her gardens, raising prize roses. She was an accomplished seamstress and cook.

My father served the cities of Schuyler and Aurora, Nebraska without pay throughout, his life in many ways. In Schuyler, he was City Treasurer, President of the Farmers Creamery, the school board; signing my diploma May 31, 1907. He was also Superintendent of the Schuyler Cemetery Association.

In his early days in Schuyler, he was drum major and bass horn player of the City Band which gave Sunday concerts in the Park band stand. In the upstairs dance hall of his hardware store he kept all the band instruments and the torches for the torchlight parades that passed around the small business section to the park for all the important political candidates, all parties and holidays. It was my job from 5th grade to graduation to keep the torches clean, wicks clipped, and kerosene in the tanks, ready to go any night.

I was always involved, in all grades, in the school plays. In first grade mother dressed me as George Washington and I carried an air rifle from Dad's store. In High School, I was on the basketball team. Dad furnished the uniforms, hoops and balls. In college, at Lincoln, Nebraska I was chosen to be a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. I also represented the Phi Gamm's on an all fraternity board.

A Dr. Corbin and his wife were close friends of my parents, and he knew of my interest in the medical profession. I had used some of my Saturdays to spend in this doctor's office, reading his library, helping him with seating his big number of patients, the day the farmers came to town to shop and visit and men to get drunk. Father's store stayed open 'til midnight like the Nickleodeon - moving pictures and piano player. Price 5 cents. I often substituted for the piano player so she could take a rest.

The Fall of 1907 I registered in the Medical college at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln for a four semester period, all that I needed to be a country doctor. We used real bodies from state people who died unknown, accident, or poor house. The summer of 1908 I was in Dr. Corbin's office with him on country trips when needed. Most work was on farms where bones needed setting, kicks by horse runaways, gored by bulls, falls from hayracks, need for casts and bandages. Everyone had up to 10 children. My first winter vacation was one after another trip to the country through snow banked roads, back to town, change two horse team for a second or third call, all in different directions. It made me think twice. Collections were poor and hard to collect from 1 to 3 dollars. Then at the end of my third semester, January 1909, two things happened. I did not pass. I flunked Latin. My parents did not like Lincoln, where they had moved to be near me. Also on January 1 the Legislature passed a new law. It would take three more semesters to get a license for a country doctor. Dad then traded the Lincoln home for a hardware store in Madison, Nebraska.

So in 1909 I stopped my college life, realizing I was not cut out to be a doctor and with my parents we moved to Madison, Nebraska. I was to take on the job of liquidating two department stores Dad had taken in trade for his Pence Block in Schuyler. One big store in Falls City and a small one near Aurora, Nebraska.

It was in Madison that I met the Gillespie family. Mr. Gillespie was a pillar of the Presbyterian Church. He raised the money, hired the preacher, janitor, etc. He was a respected merchant and considered well to do in those times. The young people all seemed to be members of the Presbyterian church and became a part of the crowd. The Gillespies had a huge home for their four children - Bess, Victor, Belle and Laura. Mr Gillespie took a 1iking to me, and each Sunday I was invited to join at a table set for 12 following the church service. Help was about $3 a month plus board and room for cook or maid, all new people from Europe, Bohemian families taking 160 acres of farm land for $1 an acre.

The Gillespies were happy in June 1910 when I asked them if they'd accept me into their family, so I bought Bess her $250 ring the next day. Bess at 22 was chosen for maid of honor to the Queen at the annual AKSARBEN BALL. She represented Madison at the Omaha festivities. The wedding was October 21, 1910. It was one of Madison's big society events. The Gillespies had the wedding breakfast in their home at 10:00 a.m. The wedding in the church was at 9:00 a.m. by invitation. We had to have it early as there was only one freight train a day from Norfolk to Columbus at 11:15 a.m., and this was the only way to get to Columbus to take the Union Pacific to Omaha, our destination for that night.

Best friends of the Gillespies were a Mr. and Mrs. Cal Haskins. He had the agency for the first Cadillac sold in Madison. His demonstrator had front and back seats. There were no other autos then among our friends. The train, with caboose, left at 11:15 so the Haskins took Bess and me, her parents and my parents to the depot about 2 miles from the Gillespie home. We left the guests at breakfast, but quite a few folks not invited to the breakfast had gone to the depot and met us with bags of rice which Bess never did get out of her hat with crown of feahers of all colors. It was inside our clothes and when we got on the Omaha train rice dropped in the aisle which pleased that car full of strangers. Rice still fell out even after we got to Falls City the next day.

We had to stay at the National Hotel for 5 days, but the Presbyterian minister had two room upstairs apartment in his home which we rented furnished. We were in Falls City to liquidate the big General store that Dad had taken in trade.

Expecting to get the department store sold by November, a friend and neighbor of the Gillespies built a four room house on his vacant lot for Mr. Gillespie. Cost $800. which he rented to us for $8 a month. It was February 1911 before Bess and I returned to Madison. We were anxious to start a family, and by February we were sure we were to be parents.

All the young families were having the new French doctor who had come to town was a customer of our store and knew I had had several semesters of medical training. We went for a check-up each month for 50 cents a trip. I always went along, and before September 15th had come he gave me the job of helping him at the birth of our first baby . . . at 10:00 a.m. By that time, Mothers Pence and Gillespie were there and took over. Since Bess could not make milk Mr Gillespie brought a Milk goat and tied it to a tree. Mrs. Gillespie had it milked and Rosalind had her first food. Roger came along 17 months later and also was raised on goats milk. The doctor's charge for Rosalinds delivery was $10 and for Roger's $15, $5 extra for the new "Twilight Sleep" and nurse.

I opened a new shop,"The Sanitary Supply Co." I did local contracting and decided to go big. I found an English plumber, a graduate electrician, and a sheet metal worker. I bid on big new buildings, a new school and a brick Presbyterian church. The one we were married in had burned down.

I had a work force of 23 men to do these jobs. I lost most of my hair, but I came out with a lot of experience and credit. So . . . I had a nice two-story house built and furnished.

In the meantime, I found a number of young men around Madison interested in a wider outlook. We organized a study club. We met at my mother's, and she served us a chicken dinner for $1 each. But I got interested in bigger ideas. I wanted better things for my family than being a plumber. I had natural talent in writing newspaper ads, was good at personal salesmanship, understood finance.

In a Sunday Omaha newspaper there was an ad for a manager of the housewares department for Omaha's highest grade furniture store - Orchard and Wilhelm Co. I applied - was hired - $100 a month, including moving expenses. We sold our home and rented a house in Omaha. I started as manager in the housewares department. Each morning Mr. Wilhelm held a management conference. This was my first training in the world of big business, That word "Manager" was what I was searching.

During 1917 our department was agent for a new cook range named "Copper Clad," body lined inside with sheet coppper to keep the steel body from rusting. The president of the new company was Lloyd Scruggs. He had sold the Majestic Steel Range for years, knew my father, and he spent his Omaha calls teaching me management. The fall of 1918 he asked me to move to St. Louis, Missouri and take the assistant advertising manager position for Copper Clad, $200 a month including moving expenses. I was later given the title of Assistant Sales and Advertising Manager, working with and training some 25 salesmen in central U.S. at $400 a month. We moved to Webster Groves, a suburb of St Louis.

In the meantime I joined the Chamber of Commerce. They liked a talk I made at one monthly meeting, "Don't loose a customer." I became a speaker at annual meetings of small town chambers of commerce, installations of officers, dinners, etc.

In 1920 I was hired by the Rock Island Stove Co. as Sales and Advertisement Manager at $500 a month. But, in a year Copper Clad wanted me back, so back to Webster Groves we went. But one day Mr. Scruggs died and a competitor bought the stock and was unhappy about promotions, so I accepted manager of the Williams Mfg. Co. for the state of Kentucky. We moved to Louisville, a beautiful and delightful place to live, on the banks of the Ohio River with the big stearn wheelers. The product was regular cast iron radiator like all, except that it had a gas burner at its base; put just a little water in the radiator and you had steam heat at once. Our plan was school buildings. Gas was nearly free in Kentucky. We were doing fine but the State of Kentucky later forbid any more installations, as to safety for gas leakage or radiator explosion during school days. My salary was $600 a month there.

When this happened, through the recommendation of Rock Island Stove Co., who was a friend of Lewis Moore, President of Moore Bros. Stove Co. in Joliet, Illinois, I was offered a Sales and Advertising Manager position for 3 years at $700 a month, 1922-3-4. His son was in the south in college and after his 3 more years would take my place.

I accepted this plan and in those years also planned to start a chain of stores, selling stoves, washers, kitchen cabinets and furnaces. I had the title "Pence Stores" painted across the globe of the world as my trademark. I left Moore Bros. in September of 1925 and opened my first store in Joliet.

We had been renting a home since 1922 next door to the Ambrose Perrin family. They had two boys almost the same ages as Rosalind and Roger. The families became very close. During this time I had purchased 6 lots with an 100 year old two story house on it. It was plotted for a golf course. I got the 6 lots for $3,000 on payments and the old house free; the real estate company had planned to raze it. By the fall of 1927 I had the house livable, 200 feet back from Highway 30. A bus line from Joliet to Aurora stopped at a nearby corner.

During our years in Joliet we had become active citizens. We all worked hard to help build a new large stone Presbyterian church. We were all active, even Rosalind and Roger. Reverend Hoffman, who from 1919 served 35 years as pastor. During the years I was a member of the First Presbyterian Church I served in every office, sang in the choir, played the piano for the men's club, was a Commissioner to the General Assembly, and helped Reverend Hoffman serve communion to the prisoners at Stateville Penitentary 4 times a year.

In 1926 I opened my second store, in Aurora, Illinois, and a few years later a store in Bloomington, Illinois. I then sold the Joliet store to an old friend, Charles Leimbacher. The big depression of '29-'30 put him out of business. I spent those years with the Aurora store, alone with a girl bookkeeper and a sales-lady. I went door to door and made $100 a month to live on.

In 1937 my son-in-law Mel Pohl came into the business with me. We added carpeting and draperies and an interior decorating department. In l944 he was drafted into the Army and before he returned from service I had sold my interest to two employees and more or less retired. That store is still going on in the new building we bought for nothing down and paid off monthly. It is under new ownership now as the two partners have retired.

We lived in my country home from 1927 to 1960. The children married and had homes of their own. Each had 2 children. In 1948 my beloved wife Bess died of cancer, 13 months after surgery.

In 1949 I married Alice Perrin, our former neighbor and friend. She had been a house mother at the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. These were the years I became involved with the Kiwanis Club of Aurora. I served the Club in many offices. I was Editor of the monthly Kiwanis Magazine, the weekly bulletin and was elected Lieutenant Gevernor of the Eastern Iowa Illinois District. We had many fine trips to attend the National cenventions, mostly in the southern states. I was amazed at the growth of "Fabric" stores and their success: drapery materials, and all the things needed to make your own drapes and curtains. These fabric stores and my attempt to "retire" urged me to go back into the retail business.

In late 1954, Jim Rohrer and Mel Bohley had paid me the balance due on the Aurora store. There was a large vacant furniture store available on Cass Street in Joliet that would be ideal for a Fabric House. My success in the past was to expand on new methods and ideas. Now I listed my thoughts. Most of all women keeping house had a Singer, and they loved to use it and all the attachments that came with it. I paced all the department stores and found none carried fabrics and no clerks knew how to sew up a pair of drapes or match the lengths by pattern to window measurements.

I discovered none knew how to make pleats or how to hang them on rods of the new type. I decided to plan, study, talk to our women friends about a store selling drapery yard goods and to the supply house on the new pleater tape and hooks, how to sew and match goods. Of course, Alice was a big help. The owner of the vacant store had no prospects, so we arrived at a rent of $100 monthly, I to pay for all redecorating and for all utilities. Everything was working my way, and both Alice and I were excited. We took a year's lease on the building.

I hired as my first employee a lady of much experience, as she had worked for Mel at Mel Tom Interiors. She selected the patterns and the quality for our needs, bolts of fabrics, all sewing supplies, cutting and matching lengths, how much yardage for various window measurements, and what to do with remnants.

In a few weeks we had a big opening. Mrs. McCarthy knew sales ladies available who knew how to cut and sew and how to figure yardage to match, how to cut the lengths and, mostly, how to be helpful to customers.

For our big display floor, we had made about 20 tables 3 feet high, 36 inch by 12 foot tops, spaced so customers could walk double between each. They were covered with 48 inch wrapping paper. no paint, rough boards. We stacked about 20 bolts on each table, every style pattern, every color line, medium prices and tagged with the price per yard and also the price per pattern repeat.

In selecting our stock, the factory salesman offered us many drop patterns; many, we thought, were more attractive than the new patterns. For out opening our stock was so widely spaced that it made the Fabric House customer feel there was no use looking any place else, over 20 patterns. As customers came in, we met them at the door and treated them as guests in our home were received. There were "wows" and "ohs." Our cutting table was ready, and the matched lengths of fabric were cut while the customer waited.

A special table in the back room had all size rods, all style hooks, pleating tape and, of course, remnants.

We had decided before our opening that our policy about complaints would be t'hat "the customer is always right." No other store in Joliet had ever duplicated that treatment.

Well I was kept busy buying fabric and supplies, unpacking, displaying, and eating a brown bag lunch.

From the beginning, I paid all the ladies the same wage. I let them arrange their days off between themselves. There were soon five ladies selling and one cutting. I stayed at my desk much of the time handling the money and paying the bills. We sold for cash, and soon our turnover was 20 times inventory, so I received the cash disccount by paying within 30 days.

From the start, I set aside 10% of the sales for salaries. At the end of each month I counted out 10% of sales income, net. I added all salaries paid; and, after deducting the amount paid out for the month, I divided the left over equally among the six ladies. I also gave each lady $100 each summer for her vacation.

We had a big party at the best hotel each Christmas with all the husbands present and also a sock full of bills in the amount of $100.

Soon after a good start, I found some customers wished to have their draperies custom made. I found 3 women who wished to sew in their homes and agreed that $1 a panel was a fair price. I bought each of them a new electric sewing machine with a blind stitch attachment. We cut and matched all the panels for them. These ladies also were invited to the parties and received their bonuses.

Our sales grew in 1955, doubled in 1956, and our year 1957 showed a profit of $20,000. By the end of 1957, I'd had my dream proved; the original excitement became work. I was 68 years old. I decided to sell, found a buyer who managed a drapery section in a large Chicago store. I accepted his offer of'$25,000 for the whole business, all debts paid by me. I was amazed how "giving the lady what she wants" and our policy that "the customer is always right" could turn into a hundred thousand dollar a year business.

Sadly, in 1959, Alice suffered a stroke and died October 17, 1959. She and I had been married 10 years. One of her good friends, also a house mother at the University of Illinois, was Mrs. Donna Lang Taylor. Her husband had died in 1929 when her gir1s were 6 and 8 years old. She raised her daughters alone during the depression by working as a secretary. She had visited in our home, and I had great respect for her.

So when I moved to Winter Haven, Florida at age 70, I purchased a beautiful home on Cypress-Garden Road. I wrote to Donna and asked her to come down and look me over and invited her to stay permanently. She accepted, and we were married on April 20, 1961. We both became very active in the Hope Presbyterian Church. I played the piano for the Sunday School, sang in the choir, and held many offices. I also served on The Salvation Army and Red Cross boards. I did the weekly bulletin for the Kiwanis Club and the publicity for the Winter Haven Pops concerts.

Donna and I drew up plans, and I installed all the plantings for the beautiful "Garden of Hope" on the church property. Cement patios and benches were installed, and a large cross formed a background. It became a popular place for weddings and receptions.

Donna became an invalid after we had been married about 15 years. She became a patient at a nursing home in Auburudale, Florida about 7 miles from Winter Hayen. I gave up our big house and found a lovely little cottage near her. She died February 24, 1978. I stayed on alone until June 25, 1985 when my daughter came and took me back to Joliet with her. I left many good Christian friends and neighbors in Florida, and their letters and cards sustained me during the long days in the hospital and nursing home. With the help of Westminster Presbyterian Church's Intern, Pamela Cowan, and organist Clarice Engleman, I organized the Vesper Chimes. The patients met every Monday night to sing the old Vesper hymns.

My health is failing, my eyesight and hearing almost gone. I pray every night for the Lord to take me Home.

Arthur J. Pence slipped away the afternoon of February 4, 1986. Age 96 years 4 months, 2 days.

Sequel to the Life of Arthur J. Pence

My father, Jacob Pence, was a perfectionist in all that he did, and so it follows that my children and grand children have inherited this trait.

My son Roger out of high school won a "trap shoot" at the national Rifle Club meet in Ohio. He had made his gun. After a week's training at the Armstrong Floor Covering Co. in Lancaster, Pennsylvania he could cut and lay the linoleum pieces in intricate designs and trademarks. He became a professional commercial photographer working with Heidrich Blessing Interior Decorators. He photographed interior settings for publications. He has retired now after 20 years with Motorola Co. During the war, he did the photo work for all their instruction booklets, all classified, for the U.S. Government. They bought an old home in Cazenovia, Wisconsin several years ago and completely renovated it from a new basement under it to the roof. It is a gathering place for their big family of children and grandchildren.

Roger met his wife, Edith Burkel, at a young peoples Presbyterian retreat. They had two daughters, Barbara and Stephanie. Barba ra married Richard Moran, a graduate of the University of Minnesota and was an auditor for Arthur Andersen Co., one of the nations largest audit firms. They had five children - Jeffrey, who also became an auditor with Arthur Andersen at his graduation. He is married to Lee Ann Gregg. The second boy teaches Computer Science at a high school in Pekin, Illinois. Timothy is a student at Kent Law School in Chicago, Illinois. Stefany, the only girl, is taking training in special work in Chicago; and Bradley, the youngest, is in high school and wants to be a mechanic. Barbara and Dick continued their educations through the years, he receiving an MBA and Barbara her BS.

Stephanie was 7 years younger than her sister. She married Douglas Ranger, and they had a boy Joshua, who is now 14 years old. They were divorced after a few years, and she married James Hopper. They live in Waukesha, Wisconsin. She is now President of the Electric Tool Co. Credit Union of Brookficld, Wisconsin. Jim is national Service Manager for Broan Co.

Rosalind was married after she graduated from Metropolitan Business College in Aurora, Illinois. She married her high school sweetheart, Mel PohI. To this union were born a son Ronald and two daughters Donna Jean and Elizabeth Annette. Mel Pohl had a variety of talent. He was an artist in home and commercial interior decorating. As a member of the Kiwanis Club he performed in the annual charity productions for many years. He served as Zoning Board Chairman for the City of Joliet for over 25 years He served in the Army during World War II, rose to the rank of Sergeant quickly, was sent overseas and suffered a compound fracture of the leg when hit by a shell fragment near Aachen, Germany on November 25, 1944. He soon took his place in the community again, and in 1953 he and Rosalind sponsored and worked to build a new Presbyterian church near their home. The Westminster Presbyterian Church has celebrated its 30th anniversary. Mel died September 11, 1976.

Rosalind from her first high school years was popular, involved in many activities, and a leader in her clubs, her church to this day. Here again I feel that my father's business and ccmunity life is repeated and carried on.

Ronald Pohl followed in his father's footsteps by playing the drums in the National Championship Joliet High School Band during his four years in high school. He began his career with Uniroyal Corp. in 1951 in Joliet. In 1960 he took his family of wife, Carroll and four children, Gary, Lisa, Lesley, and Steven to Naugatuck, Connecticut. From there he was transferred to Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He was Labor Relatiens Manager unti1 he retired in 1984 at age 51. He is now in Washingten, DC. with a media firm, Ray Strother Ltd. They do consulting and national and local publicity for Democratic candidates. They own a beautifu 3-story apartment on the "Hill." They love to travel and have been to Alaska and England several times. Ron now has his own private plane, a Cesana 172, that they both enjoy.

Gary, their first born, is an architect in Fairbanks, Alaska. He is married to Martie and has a 14 year old step-daughter Gretchen. Lisa is married to Randal Barnett and they have 2 sons, Ian and Evan. Randy is a real estate broker and contracts for new homes. Lisa is a talented seamstress. She has won many awards for her beautiful children's quilts. Lesley, the youngest girl, lives in Fairbanks, Alaska and is a computer whiz. She works for a big law firm and has aspirations te be a writer some day. Steven, the youngest, works on the Alaska Pipe Line. He spends a week on and week off at the Bases. His home is in Anchorage, Alaska.

Roz and Mel's oldest daughter, Donna Jean, attended MacMurray College and received her RA and her MA there. She interned at the Jacksonville State Hospital for 6 months before coming to Joliet to assume the position of Clinical Psycolegist at the new St. Joseph Hospital Psychiatric Unit in 1965. She just observed her 20th anniversary there.

Elizabeth (Betsy) took her nurses training at, St. Joe's, a three year program, and has been an Emergency Room nurse ever since. This is her 15th year. Betsy has a lovely daughter, now 13, named Mari Ann. She is a student at Hufford Junior High and is a member of the choir and the talented Swing Choir.

Again, I see all this as performing the perfectionism of my father, Jacob Arthur Pence. With the last U.S. Census listing, there is only one Pence household in one-fourth of all households in the United States. I'm proud to be one. So be it.

November 1986 Update

Betsy Pohl was married September 6th to Russ Hucek, at St. Patrick's Catholic Church with our minister from Westminster Presbyterian Church assisting. They are living in her home at 513 North Prairie Avenue, Joliet, Illinois.

Barbara Moran and husband Dick separated and were divorced this year. Barbara is a secretary at North Eastern Univenity in Chicago for the Science Department. She lives alone in her parents' old home in Park Ridge.

Timothy, Bradley and Stefany live with their father. Bradley is in Mechanics School in Laramie, Wyoming. Gregg lives and teaches in Round Lake, Illinois. Jeff and Lee Ann Moran have taken up Sky Diving and have jumped twice from 6000.

Gabrei Pence

In 1856 Gabriel Pence accompanied by his son, John, came to Cerro Gordo county and purchased several hundred acres of land in the northwest portion of Lincoln township. In May, 1857, Mr. Pence, wife and seven children removed from Jackson county and settled in their new home. The oldest daughter was married and did not come to the county until 1850. Gabriel Pence settled on section 6, and his sons, two of whom were married, located near him. Gabriel Pence was born April 18, 1806, in Ohio. His father, John Pence, was the owner of a flouring and woolen mill in the Stae of Ohio, which property he sold and removed with his family to Indiana, where he built new mills. He operated these a number of years and finally because of impaired health and a desire to see his family settled in life without being scattered, he sold out and went to Illinois, where he purchased a large tract of land, established his children on farms, and there resided until his death, which occurred in 1844. He was twice married and reared a large family of children. Gabriel Pence was trained to the vocation of his father. While in Indiana, he married Nancy McConnell, and about 1836 emigrated to Illinois. Six years after he moved to Jackson Co., Iowa, where he purchased land and resided until1857. In that year he came to Cerro Gordo county, and actuated by the inherited desire to preserve his family in one unbroken circle so far as possible, he bought a large tract of land in Lincoln township, and distributing it among his children, had the satisfaction of seeing them all settled in the same neighborhood. At a surprise party given in his honor, every lineal descendant was present including children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren---four genereation, about fifty-three in number. He died Feb. 7, 1880, and his wife followed him Oct. 11, 1862. Of the ten children, Mr. and Mrs. Pence reared to maturity, seven still sruvie, Joh, Elizabeth (Mrs. George Goodell); Hannah (Mrs. William Rhodes); George, Allen W., Eliza (Mrs. B. C. Richardson), and Lydia, now the wife of Benjamin Duell. Mr. Pence was a man of sterling traits of character. He was a fond father, and built a substantial and permanent reputation in the township where he expended his fortune. He bore the highest character as an old-fashioned Christian gentleman. John Pence, his oldest surviving child, was born May 7, 1828, in Indiana. He settled in Iowa at the date named in his father's sketch, and in 1849 was married to Louisiana Lock. He settled in Cerro Gordo county in 1857, on section 6, Lincoln township, where he is the proprieter of 500 acres of land. His children are as followes --- Leviunna, now Mrs. Umbarger; Nancy, now Mrs. Booth; Sarah, now Mrs. Lavanway; Charlotte, now Mrs. Yokom; Lizzie, now Mrs. Taylor; Ella, now Mrs. Umbarger; Arthur C., Rachel A., John L. and Lawrence W. A. W. Pence was born April 11, 1835, in Henderson Co., Ill. He was reared on a farm and settled in Cerro Gordo county in 1857, and has since been a resident of Lincoln township, where he owns 158 acres of land. He married Caroline, daughter of J. B. Cobb, of Jackson CO., Iowa. Following are the names of their children - Mary M., John E., Lincoln G., Phebe J., Cora F., Carrie A., Alice N. and Wallace S. Mr. Pence is an adherent of the republican party, and belongs to the Church of the United Brethren.

From: The History of Cerro Gordo County, Iowa. Lincoln Township, 677.

George Pence

George Pence was born Oct. 14, 1832, in Indiana. In 1857 he came to Cerro Gordo county with the members of his father's family. In the fall of the same year he returned to Jackson county and was married to Susannah Kegley. She died Nov. 9, 1879, leaving seven children, three of whom have since followed their mother to the unseen land. Those who still survive are --- Nancy, Mrs. D. A. Zokom, Lenora, Laura and Susanah. Mr. Pence is engaged in farming, and intersperses his agricultural labors with that of a sportsman's life. He is a republican in politics, and in religious views adopts the creed of the M. E. Church.

From: The History of Cerro Gordo County, Iowa. Lincoln Township.

Roy Lester Pence

PENCE, ROY LESTER: Hardware Dealer; b Schuyler, Neb Jan 16, 1895; s of Jacob Arthur Pence-Betty Kinney; ed Madison HS; m Daisy McKay Glasner June 17, 1914 Madison; s Roland McKay; d Margaret Jean; 1912-16 in plumbing shop, Madison; 1916 - opr Pence Cash Hdw Store, Aurora; 1920-26 secy IOOF; off Pence Hdw; res 1119 8th, Aurora.

Jeremiah Pence

Jeremiah Pence, farmer, sec. 6; P. O., Pittsfield; was born in Rockingham county, Va., in 1807; is a son of William and Christina (Sellers) Pence, of that State. He was married in Ohio in 1832, to Margaret A. Brawly, a native of North Carolina; he came to this county in 1837, and the following year he selected the site of his present home, which, from an unbroken wilderness, has been transformed to a well cultivated farm, comprising 185 acres, valued at $40 per acre. Mr. P. is one of the oldest settlers of the county, and a staunch Democrat. Of his several children 3 are living.

From: History of Pike County, Illinois (Chas. C. Chapman & Co., 1880), 702.

Frank D. Pence

FRANK D. PENCE. As the owner of a large and well equipped livery and sales stable in the city of Anderson, Mr. Pence has gained marked success and is known as one of the aggressive, enterprising and substantial businessmen of Madison county. In addition to a general livery busihess of important order he has built up a profitable enterprise in the buying and selling of horses, and he is recognized as an authoritative judge of equine values. He has a wide circle of friends in Madison county and further interest attaches to the record of his achievement by reason of the fact that he is a native son of this county and a member of one of its old and honored families. Mr. Pence was born on the homestead farm of his father, in Richmond township, Madison county, Indiana, and the date of his nativity was April 19, 1865. He is a son of John J. and Rhoda (Coburn) Pence, the former of whom continued to reside on his farm until his death, in 1908, at a venerable age, his devoted wife having passed to the life eternal in 1893 and having been a daughter of John. Coburn, another sterling pioneer of Indiana and for many years a well known citizen of Richland township, Madison county. John J. Pence was born near Connersville, Wayne county, Indiana, 'and virtually his entire active career was one of close and effective identification with the great basic industry of agriculture. He was numbered among the early settlers of Madison county and was long known as one of the representative farmers and stock-growers of Richland township, where he was the owner of an excellent farm of one hundred and twenty-eight acres, upon which he made the best of improvements, including the erection of substantial buildings. He died in Union township. He was a soldier during the Civil war and a Democrat in politics. He was a man of inflexible integrity and well fortified views, was liberal and loyal as a citizen and commanded the high regard of all who knew him. His father, Adam Pence, was one of the very early settlers of Madison county and did well his part in the development and upbuilding of this section of the state, the while he was known and honored for his sterling qualities. Frank D. Pence has never had cause to regret the discipline which he received in the formative period of his life, and in connection with the work of the home farm he learned valuable lessons of responsibility and practical industry. He made good use of the advantages afforded in the district schools and continued to be associated with his father in the work and management of the home farm until he had attained to his legal majority. At the age of twenty-five years he took unto himself a wife, who has proved a devoted companion and helpmeet, and shortly after this important event in his career he rented the old Pence home-stead, upon which he instituted independent operations as an agreniturist and stockgrower. He applied himself with characteristic energy and ambition and thus his success was of substantial order. After the passage of a few years he purchased a farm of one hundred and twelve acres, in Union township, and in addition to continuing his successful operations as an agriculturist he began to purchase horses, which he brought into good condition and placed upon the market. His operations in this branch of his enterprise expanded in scope and importance and at various times he was the owner oexceptionally valuable horses, several of which he sold at an approximate sum of five hundred dollars each. He is still the owner of his farm, upon which he has made such improvements as to mark the place as one of the model farms of the county, and he gives to the place a general supervision and he is also the owner of a considerable amount of real estate in the city of Anderson. Mr. Pence continued to reside on his farm until 1899, when he removed to Anderson, where he engaged in the livery business and also continued the buying and selling of horses, in both of which lines of enterprise he is now one of the leading representatives in Madison county. In 1906 Mr. Pence purchased the Oliver Osburn livery and sales stables, which constitute one of the landmarks of Anderson, and here he has since continued his successful business operations. .His stables are well supplied with excellent horses and vehicles and he gives careful attention to maintaining of the livery department of his business at a high standard, with the result that the same received a large and appreciative patronage. His operations as a dealer in horses are based on a technical knowledge gained through wide experience and he controls a most prosperous business in this line. Though liberal and public-spirited in his civic attitude, Mr. Pence has had no desire for the honors and emoluments of political office. He accords a staunch allegiance to the Democratic party and in a fraternal way he is identified with the local organizations of the Loyal Order of Moose and the Improved Order of Red Men. In the year 1892 Mr. Pence was united in marriage to Miss Susan Bronenburgh, of Chesterfield, this county, and they became the parents of three children, Leslie and Hazel M., both of whom are deceased; and Harold L,, who remains at the parental home, the same being an attractive residence at 802 Park avenue.

From: John L. Forkner, History of Madison County, Indiana (Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), 411-412.

James R. Pence

JAMES R. PENCE, a well known agriculturist of Penn township, living on a well improved farm on rural mail route No. 2 out of Pennville, has lived on that place for more than fifty years. Mr. PENCE was born on a farm in Henry county, this state, October 2, 1859, and is a son of Levi and Susanna (McMullen) Pence, the latter of whom was born in Wayne county, Indiana, a member of one of the old families of that county. Levi Pence was born in Warren county. Tennessee, and was but a boy when he came to Indiana with his parents, the family settling in Delaware county, where he grew to manhood and became a school teacher. After his marriage he began farming in Henry county and remained there until 1865 when he came to Jay county and bought an uncleared tract of eighty acres in Penn township, a part of the farm on which the subject of this sketch is now living. Levi PENCE cleared and drained that place and improved it in good shape, one of the first men in the county to discern and utilize the possibilities of thorough tile draining and he did much to promote the system of under draining throughout that section. For some time after coming here he also was engaged in teaching school during the winters and was helpful in other ways in helping to bring about proper social and economic conditions in the community. He increased his original land holdings until he became the owner of 120 acres and was accounted one of the substantial citizens of the community in which he lived. His wife died on July 6, 1911, and he survived until November 26, 1915. They were the parents of four children, the subject of this sketch having two sisters, Effie I. and Alma M., and a brother, Dexter PENCE. As will be noted by a comparison of above dates, James R. Pence was about six years of age when he came to Jay county with his parents. He grew to manhood on the home farm, receiving his schooling in the local schools and under the thoughtful home training of his parents, and from the days of his boyhood has devoted himself to the farm, which he is now managing in behalf of the family. The PENCE farm, now a tract of 146 acres, is well improved and profitably cultivated. Mr. Pence has kept abreast of modern progress in agricultural methods and his operations have been carried on in up-to-date fashion. In addition to his general farming operations he has given considerable attention to the raising of live stock and has done well. In his political views Mr. Pence is Independent.

From: Milton T. Jay, M.D., The History of Jay County, Indiana (Indianapolis: Historical Publishing Co., 1922), Vol. II, 301-302.

Abram Morris Pence


Autobiography Written for
Rev. Charles S. Wood
Immediately Prior to His
Death in Paris

[Ed. Note: The headline on this article says "Adam Pence," but since the noted lawyer always went by his initials of A. M. apparently the editor of the paper didn't realize his name was Abram Morris Pence.]

It will be remembered that Hon. Abram Pence, formerly of this county, but for many years a leading lawlyer in Chicago, died in Paris, France, last July, and a sketch of his life was published in this paper.

Last April he was requested to furnish some material for a biographical sketch to be used in connection with the Centennial celebration. As is well known the historian was prevented by ill health from carrying out his plans. This letter received at that time will be read now with interest by many persons. Its publication has for serval good reasons been necessarily delayed.

April 20, 1905.
Charles S, Wood, Esq.,
Urbana, Onto.

My dear sir—

I received your letter of the 19th inst. in regard to your proposed Centennial Celebration of Champaign County.

I am about to go abroad, In a day or two, and shall be gone for five or six months, so if I tell you anything I must do it right away, although I do not thlnk that much has occurred in my life of especial Interest to any person save my own family.

I was born March 26th, 1838. My father was a farmer and I worked on the farm until I was sixteen years old. My father's name was David Pence and he lived in Mad River township, near Westville.

There are a few people still living in Champaign county who remember that as a boy I had a fine contralto voice and I used to lead the country singing school.

When I was about fourteen years as seized with severe case of rheumatism which lasted four or five years and left me finally with a crooked ankle, and I had to wear a steel brace for several years all the time I was in college, in order to straighten my ankle, so as to matte it useful as far as physical work is concerned.

When I was sixteen years. old, I started the high schoot in Urbana and walked every morning and every night the whole distance which was four miles. A. C. Deuel was then principal of the high school. He was the greatest teacher I even knew, especially eta the ordinary branches, such as arithmetic, algebra, grammar, etc.

When I was 17 years old I received a certificate and taught a country school for nine months. I then returned to my studies at the high school in Urbana, and in the autumn of 1856 I went to Miami University, where I remained for four years and graduated in 1860, taking the first honor of the class. I was not well prepared for college when I entered, except In branches taught me by Mr. Deuel, but as to Latin and Greek, I was short. I caught up, however, by being studious.

During my first year In college, I had a severe attack of typhoid fever and for six months after my convalescence I was scarcely able to do my work.

Among my classmates was my friend David W Dodd, and my chief associates at the same time in college were, Duncan McDonald, who was afterwards States Attorney for your county, and James S. McDonald, who is a Presbyterian clergyman in California. Walter S. Thomas was one of my classmates, living in Troy, where he still resides, and Edward L. Taylor, of Columbus, Ohio. a prominent lawyer, as well as Judge J. R. Sayler 'of Cincinnati. These are only a few—they were my intimates.

I studied law commencing in the autumn of 1860, in the office of Ichabod Corwin, who was really a great lawyer. He became judge afterward.

I remember many of the older people of Urbana a few of whom are still living. Judge Warnock and myself were in the high school together at Urana.

I might state that one's misfortunes sometimes turn out to be fortunate. Had I not had the rheumatism, I would have been a farmer. It was only on this account that I ever obtained• the privilege of going to college. My father was financially scarcely able to send me to college at that time, but he did his best and I tried to do him some credit.

In 1860, when I commenced to study law was the year of the first Lincoln campaign,' and of course I remember the great leading events of that period.

I went to the law school In Cincinnati In 1861, and graduated In 1862, when I came to Chicago and commenced the practice of law, where I have been ever since. My life has been devoted to the practice of the law. I have never held an office, but I feel that I ought to say that I have a reasonably good knowledge of the law and have had as much success as a man ought to ask for.

I have been engaged in some public matters. The Supreme Court reports of Illinois will show that I have argued Wont 300 cases In that court and quite a number in the Supreme Court of the United States. as well as in other states.

I have cared little about politics although I have been a Republican all my life since arriving at maturity, and am interested in all questions of statesmanship.

I had the pleasure, in 1899, of attending the 75th anniversary of the foundation of the Miami University, and made some remarks on that occasion at the banquet given.

In 1903 I was nominated for one of the judgeships in Chicago, but that was the year when the Republicans did not carry the county and I was not elected.

In June, 1904, I had the pleasure of delivering an address before the Alumni of Miami University, upon the question of the Evolution of the Federal Constitution and the effect of the 14th Amendment thereto.

In 1885, the politics of the city of Chicago had become very corrupt and especially the elections. At a meeting of several of the clubs of the city, I was made chairman of the committee to prepare the City Election Law, which I wrote, and waited upon the legislature on many acmes-lone and succeeded In having it adopted. It has been a great boon to the politics of Chicago. The law has operated to perfection almost, so far as anything can be perfect in this world, and frauds have all 'substantially ceased in the conduct of the elections. I think I could recommend to all the other states, tale election law in question and its good results.

I have known many of the public men of the country, and especially of Illinois and Ohio. Among the men prominent in politics in Ohio, I was quite well acquainted with Gov. Dennison, Gov. Chase and Gov. Noyes, whom I met abroad when he was minister to the French Court in 1880, and renewed my pleasant acquaintance.

I was a member of the "Alpha Delta Phi" of the Miami University, and my first acquaintance with Gov. Noyes was on the occasion of his presiding at the annual convention held at Oxford. I also knew Benjamin Stanton and Samuel Shellabarger, who were two of the greatest lawyers of Ohio. Both of them were then and have since been members of congress. If Mr. Shellabarger Is dead, it is a recent event.

I knew the entire McDonald family In your county, and they are all men of strong character and of good Scotch descent.

Of course, the chief events of my life have been in my trial of cases and argument of the law, and as to this, of course, I can say nothing which would be interesting to the general multitude, although the same were of very mach Interest to me and others.

My father died at the age of 77 years and mother at the age of 88 years. My oldest brother, within a few months, passed away at the age of 71 years. My other brother Wilson T. Pence, of Topeka. Kansas and my sisters are still living. It was a family of good bone and muscle as well as character and of strong vitality.

In 1880 and several times since I have traveled abroad.

I am very much obliged to you for your kind invitation to say these things, but if I say anything which could be of any consequence to you, I think it is largely by accident and must necessarily, to a large extent, be personal and almost egotistical. I do not so intend. I deem humility the greatest element of a man's character and he who praises him-self, ordinarily does not receive the praise of others.

Yours very truly,


From the Urbana Daily News, Champaign County, Ohio, Friday 1 Dec 1905.

William Luther Pence

W. L. PENCE, born in Shelby County, Ky., January 21, 1839, is the second son of James P. and Balinda (Moss) Pence, both natives of the same county. James P. Pence was a wagonmaker by trade, and carried on the business extensively, also owned a saw mill and grist mill, and farmed and raised stock. His father, Coonrod, was born in Germany. W. L. Pence was raised on a farm, and educated at the common schools. He was a successful railroad contractor for several years on the Louisville, Chattanooga & Nashville now known as the Louisville & Nashville, and furnished them all their bridge timber, ties and wood to burn (as they used wood for fuel then). He was overseer of a large plantation in Oldham County, Ky., for two years, for Richard Waters. In 1866 he went into the saw mill business in Oldham County, and supplied the Louisville & Nashville Railroad for three years. He then sold out and farmed two years. In 1875 he moved to Frankfort and engaged in the saw mill business, and although he has had two mills burned since, he is decidedly the largest lumber dealer in the city and ships lumber all over the Untied States, and also supplies the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. November 28, 1861, he married Miss Sallie C. Enchminger, of Shelby County, Ky., daughter of John Enchminger. This lady died in 1878, a member of the Christian Church. June 3, 1880, Mr. Pence married Miss Sallie French, of Frankfort, daughter of William and Martha (Wingate) French and granddaughter of William, Sr., who was born in Madison County, Ky., in 1785, and at the time of his death was the oldest man born in Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have two children: William L. and Frenchie T., and he and wife are members of the Christian Church. Mr. Pence was police judge of Belle Point, Ky., for several years, is a fine business man and has many friends.

From: Kentucky: A History of the State (Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 5th ed., 1887).

William Thomas Pence

A valuable farm of three hundred acres, located on sections 14 and 23, Monmouth township, which is owned and operated by William T. Pence, was also the place of his birth, his natal day being March 91845. He is one of ten children born of the marriage of Allen Wallace and Christine (Moulder) Pence. It is supposed that the father was born in Ohio, and the year 1830 witnessed his arrival in Davenport. He spent five or six years trapping and huning between Davenport and Dubuque and all this time he was waiting for the land to be placed on the market that he night homestead a tract. Accordingly, about 1837, he came. into possession of the farm which is now owned and operated by William. He built a log cabin and the following year took up his abode on the place, he being the first man in Jackson county to develop a farm. As the years passed he further developed and improved his farm and became a successful famer. In 1850, at the time of the gold excitement on the Pacific coast, he made a trip to California and met with success. In 1860 he made a trip to Pike's Peak but this venture did not prove so successful and he returned home and resumed work on the farm, there continued to reside until his death, which occurred on the 4th of September 1899, when he was well advanced in years. At the time of his death he was the owf:er of three hundred and twenty acres of land in Jackson county, so that he left his family in very comfortable circumstances. His wife, who was born in the Buckeye state and whom he wedded in Indiana, deported this life in 1867. She was the mother of ten children, namely: Alvira and Robert, who are now deceased; Martha, the wife of D. C. Mishler. a resident of Maquoketa: Mary, widow of Jacob Franks, also of that city; William T. of this review; Harriet, the wife of S. W. Johnston, who makes his home in Enid, Oklahoma; N. B.,a farmer of Monmouth township; and three who died in infancy. William T. Pence, the fifth in order of birth, early became familiar with the duties incident to the development and improvement of a new farm, for he assisted his father in the fields as soon as he was old enough to handle a plow. In the winter season, he pursued his studies in the district schools, which at that time were quite primitive. Following his father's demise he and a brother purchased the interest of the other heirs in the homestead farm and for a few years the two operated the place as partners. Eventually, however, Mr. Pence of this review purchased his brother's share and he is now sole owner of the farm of three hundred acres, situated on sections 14 and 23 in Monmouth township. It is a well improved and valuable property and Mr. Pence has for many years been busily engaged in carrying on general farming , but his Iabors have brought him gratifying success that he is now contemplating laying aside business cares and spending his remaining days in retirement. Mr. Pence was married in 1878, to Miss Mary A. Campbell, who was born in Jackson county, and by her marriage has become the mother of seven children: R. W., who after graduating from Maquoketa high scool, studied medicine and is now engaged in practice in Minot, North Dakota; R. A., who is banker of Dogden, that state; one who died in infancy; Christina. also residing in Dogden; J. R., who is also a practicing physician at Minot, North Dakota; Glendola, who lives in Dogen and Florence, who is attending school in Maquoketa. Mr. Pence has always given staunch supprt o the men and measures of the republican party but he has never been active as an office seeker, although he has filled some school and township offices. His wife and family are members of the German Reformed church. Honorable and upright in every relation of life. he commands the respect and confidence of all with whom he comes in contact. He is classed among Jackson county's pioneers, for during the period of his early boyhood and youth the settlers were just entering this district and it was not until a year after his birth that the state was admitted to the Union. He is therefore familiar with all the scenes of a pioneer district where the hones of the settlers are widely scattered and the trading points are reached only alter many miles of travel. He has lived to witness remarkable changes, however, and feels a just pride in the work that has been accomplished and has placed Jackson Comity in tile front rank of civilization, for he has heel: an active participant in this work ar_I is now regarded as one of the counly's best and most substantial citizens.

From: James Whitcomb Ellis, The History of Jackson County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, its Cities, Town, &C., Biographical Sketches of Citizens, War Record of its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion (Chicago: Western Historical Co., 1879), 62-63.

Eli Pence

ELI PENCE, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; is a son of Samuel Pence, born in Champaign Co., where he was raised through the early part of the nineteenth century, many deprivations being connected with his life. He married about 1825, to Mary A. Howard, a native of this State. After a companionship of some years, he died and left nine children. Mary A. still survives; has married and buried her second husband [Adam Apple], by whom she had four children. Eight of her thirteen children now survive. Eli was born in Johnson Township Jan. 20, 1842, and was left fatherless when but a child; he then fell into the hands of some of his relatives, by whom he was properly cared for until Aug. 4, 1862. At this time the great crisis of our country was raging, and he entered Co. H, 45th O.V.I., serving to the close of the war, when he was honorably discharged at Columbus, Ohio. During his military life, he participated in the battles of Knoxville, Tenn.; London, Tenn.; the battle of Resaca, Ga., where he was slightly wounded in the right shoulder, and many other battles of minor importance. On March 4, 1866, after his return from the service, he married Rachel A. Sroufe. One year later he located on what is now his farm. This he has since purchased by degrees, and now owns a well-improved grain farm. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Pence are Orlando, William F., Samuel C., Mary E. and Emma A. Mrs. Pence was born on their present farm, and is bus a daughter of George O. Sroufe, who was a prominent pioneer of this township [Johnson].

From The History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago, W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 761.

[Click HERE for a Civil War related biography of Eli Pence]

Alfred Pence

One of the first settlements in Adams County outside of the Stockade at Manchester was made by Michael Pence, his son Peter Pence, and their kinsmen, the Roush family, together with the Bryans and Cooks, in 1796, at the "Dutch Settlement" in what is now Sprigg Township. The families were "Pennsylvania Dutch" and had originally settled in the Shenandoah Valley, and in the year 1795 came to the Three Islands at Manchester, to make their future homes in the Northwest Territory. The first year of their coming to the Three Islands, they cultivated a crop of corn on the lower island which was then partially cleared. Michael Pence, the pioneer, was drowned in the Ohio River in 1807 [Ed. Note: the year was actually 1799 as his inventory was taken in Junuary of 1800] while attempting to cross with his team at the lower ferry. He had purchased one thousand four hundred acres of land in the Hopkins survey in Sprigg Township and was a wealthy farmer for his day in Adams County. He is buried in Hopewell Cemetery. His son, Peter Pence, who married Susan Roush in the Shenandoah Valley previous to his coming to Adams County in 1795, had among other children, a son, Aaron, born in 1798, who married Elizabeth Moore, and who was the father of the following named children: Nathan, David, Daniel, Jacob, Francis S., Peter, Harriet, who married Dyas Gilbert, and our subject. Alfred Pence, the oldest child, who was born May 17. 1823, on the old Michael Pence homestead, which he now owns, and where he resides, near Maddox Postoffice. He married Hannah Evans in 1847, and has reared the following children: Elizabeth, who married Zenous Roush, Ruth, who married Robert Brookover, Dyas, ! who married Ada Parr, Rufus, Mahala, who married Lafayette Roush, and Ida, married to Rev. A. D. Foster.

From: A History of Adams County, Ohio ((West Union, Ohio: Nelson W. Evans and Emmons B. Stivers, 1900).

Ernest Pence

ERNEST PENCE. It is when we meet such men as Ernest Pence of Grant county, Indiana, that we realize that in spite of the corruption in polities, the apparently hopeless tangle into which we American people have wound our lives, and the vice and crime everywhere apparent, there are men of the same mold as those forefathers of ours of the days of ‘76, and that in the young men of the country, men of education and high ideals, strong in morals and intellect, is the country's strength. Mr. Pence is one of the young, progressive farmers of Sims township in Grant county, and is well known as a successful man and one of whom greater success is to be expected in the future. Ernest Pence was born on the 7th of August, 1876 in Sims township, Grant county, Indiana, on the old Pence homestead, the son of Lewis C. Pence and Christina (Gowin) Pence. He was the second child of his parents and he grew up on his father's farm, attending the public schools of the township in the winter and in the summer assisting his father on the farm. After he was graduated from the public schools he devoted all his time to the work of the farm and became a farmer of practical experience. He remained at home until he was twenty-five years of age, when he bought his present farm. Prior to that, for four years, he was a partner with his father on the old home place. He is now the owner of seventy-five acres of land, the farm being located on section 34, in Sims township, one mile south of Swayzee, on the Wabash Pike. He raises a good grade of Duroc hogs, and his principal crops are corn and clover. He rotates his crops in clover, corn and oats, and raises a fine quality of product. The land itself is worth $225 per acre, and Mr. Pence is continually adding improvements.

In addition to his farming interests he has other business interests. He is a stock-holder in the Swayzee Co-operative Telephone Company and is also a stock-holder in the Farmers' National Life Insurance Company. Much of his time is also employed in his duties as secretary of the Farmers' Institute of Grant county, for it is a flourishing institution.On the 21st of September, 1901, Mr. Pence was married to Miss Pearl Outland, of Howard county, Indiana. She was educated in the public schools of Howard county and is a graduate of the Sycamore high school. Mrs. Pence is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church at Sims. She and her husband have no children.

Mr. Pence is an active member of the Democratic party, but he has never cared to hold office. He is an honorary member of the Modern Woodmen of America, but he has little time for political or fraternal societies, his farm and business interests being so exacting.

From: Benjamin G. Shinn [Editor], Blackford and Grant Counties, Indiana, a Chronicle of Their People past and Present With Family Lineage and Personal Memoirs (Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), vol. II.

Darwin J. Adkins

President of the Commercial Savings Bank
Liberty, Clay County, Missouri

In any worthy history of Clay county the name that heads this sketch will always be given an enviable place among the leading citizens of the county and its self-made, wealthy business men. Mr. Adkins started out for himself when a youth only about 15 years of age and without a dollar, but before he had attained his majority he had succeeded in accumulating over $2,000 solely by his own work and good management. A history of his career in later years has been but a continuation of that of his youth and has l)een proportion­ally even more successful. He is now one of the two principal owners of the Commercial Savings Bank, one of the soundest and most relia­ble banking institutions in the western part of the State, and is also a large real estate owner and leading stock raiser of the county, own-inga number of tine farms, from which he annually sells thousands of dollars' worth of stock. He also has a large amount of other valuable property and, in a word, is one of the prominent tax payers of the county. Such is the successful career of a man who cast himself out into the world on his own resources when but a mere boy and with­out a penny, a career that would reflect credit upon anyone man. Mr. Adkins was born in Scott county, Ky., October 9, 1821, and was a son of Judge Eobert Adkins and wife, nee Miss Mary Snell, the Judge formerly of Virginia, but Mrs. Adkins a Kentuckian by nativity. The Judge's mother was a Miss Mille, and her parents were co-pioneers with Daniel Boone in Kentucky, having come out from Virginia in company with him on his first trip to the then wilds of the former State. In 1825, Judge Adkins came to Missouri with his family and located in Howard county, but returned to Kentucky soon afterwards. Ten years from their first trip, however, they came back to this State ttled in Clay county. Here the Judge bought several hundred acres of fine land, three miles north of Liberty, where he improved large farm and lived until his death. He died of cholera in July 1851. He became one of the well known and influential citizens of the county, and such was his high standing and popularity that al­though an uncompromising Democrat in a strong Whig county, as Clay county then was, he was repeatedly elected to the office of county judge, defeating each time the most popular Whig they could put up against him. He reared a large family of children, five sons and six daughters living to reach years of maturity and to become the heads of families themselves. Nine are still living, four brothers in Kansas City, three in this county and two sisters who are in Kansas City: Mrs. C. J. White and Mrs. Eliza Hall. Darwin J. Adkins was the eldest of the brothers and remained at home on the farm until he was 15 years of age, when, having secured something of an ordinary education, and having a taate for business life, he left the farm and came to Liberty, where he obtained a clerkship in a store. He clerked for about three years and nob only obtained a good knowledge of the busi­ness, but also saved up a little means from his salary. He then went on a farm and also engaged in trading in stock. These interests he has ever since carried on. For some years he was engaged in the Southern trade in horses and mules, driving his stock to Shreveporf, La., Alexandria, Miss., and other points. This was while he was yet quite a young man and he made some two or three thousand dollars before he was 21 years of age. In 1842, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Pence, a daughter of Edward A. Pence, formerly of Kentucky. He then gave up the Southern trade, and settled down on a farm, but continued in the local stock trading business. Later along he removed to Platte county, but after four years returned to this county, and bought the old Adkins family homestead, where he followed farming and handling stock until 1863. Subsequently he bought other places and resided at Liberty and on different farms until the time he settled permanently where he now resides. In 1856 he was largely instrumental in establishing the Farmers' Bank at Liberty, becoming one of its directors. This was finally succeeded by the Commercial Savings Bank in 1867. Since 1870 he has been president of this bank and he and Mr. Robertson own more than four-fifths of its capital stock. It has a stock of $50,000, all paid up, and the bank is in a most prosperous condition, paying annually a good dividend on the stock represented. Last year Mr. Adkins sold over $9,000 worth of stock off of his several farms. Mr. Adkins' first wife having died in April, 1852, he was married to Mrs. Mary A. Futsle, a daughter of Andrew Robertson, formerly of Tennessee. Her mother was a native of North Carolina. Mrs. Adkins' parents removed to Clay county way back in 1818, and she was born here in September, 1822. Mr. Adkins and his present wife have four children, namely: Magdaline, wife of Robert G. Robinson; Edward V., Robert I., and Emma, deceased wife of Michael A. Groom. By his former wife Mr. Adkins has two children: Ruth, wife of L. W. Pence, and Darwin J. N. Mrs. A. is a member of the M.E. Church South, and Mr. Adkins a prominent member of the Masonic Order.

From: History of Clay and Platte Counties (St. Louis: National Historical Society, 1885), 289-291.

Lewis C. Pence

LEWIS C. PENCE. Now nearing the age of threescore and ten, Lewis C. Pence has spent all but about three years of his lifetime in Grant county, and is one of the best known of Sims township citizens. He has given his energies with successful results to farming, and is one of the men who had practically nothing to begin with and yet have established an enviable prosperity, and are now accounted among the most substantial men of their community. Mr. Pence has a fine farm located in sections twenty-seven, twenty-eight, thirty-three and thirty-four of Sims township, this place being known all over the western half of the county as Victor Farm, located a mile south and a mile west of Swayzee, on the Curless extension gravel road. Although the farm lies in three sections the land adjoins.

Lewis C. Pence was born in Champaign county, Ohio, April 18, 1844. His parents were David and Anna (Smith) Pence. The father was born in the State of Virginia, April 3, 1813, and came to Ohio when a young man, where he met and married his wife, who was a native of Champaign county. In the fall of 1847, they moved from Ohio to Grant county, locating in Sims township, where the father entered eighty acres of wild land from the government. He was a man of great industry, and added to his first holdings, until at one time he possessed six hundred acres of land. Throughout this part of Grant county he enjoyed a large acquaintance and the respect of the entire community. He was one of the liberal supporters of the primitive Baptist church, and in politics a Democrat. He and his wife had thirteen children, six of whom are living in 1913. To each of his children he gave a start in life and helped them to acquire homes of their own. The living children are Andrew J.; Lewis C.; John S., of Sims township; C. G. of Swayzee; David S., of Sims township; and Mary E., wife of Josephus Gowin, whose home is near Wichita, Kansas.

Lewis C. Pence was reared on the old homestead in Grant county, attended a private school as a boy, and as a boy began working and giving all his attention to the farm. He continued at home until he was twenty-one, and in September, 1865, married Miss Mary J. Mauller, who was born in Grant county, and educated in the schools of this locality. In 1865 they moved to the farm in section thirty-four which has been the home of Mr. Pence to the present time. He started with eighty acres, and is now owner of two hundred and nineteen acres. It is wel1 improved land, is ditched and drained, and has first-class buildings, and is cultivated to the most profitable degree. Of the two children born to Mr. Pence by his first wife, one only is living, Anna U., wife of L. E. Hummell, of Sims township, and Vieva, wife of David Knull, of Sims township, is now deceased. After the death of the first Mrs. Pence, Mr. Pence, on April 24, 1874, married Christina Gowin, who was born in Ripley county, Indiana, was educated in the public schools and is a capable home-maker and very popular in social circles in Sims township. To this union hare been born six children: Daisy May, wife of C. I. Goble of Sims township; Ernest, who married Pearl Outland of Sims township; Winnie E., deceased; Emma P., wife of Joe Malston of Howard county; Raymond V., a student in the University of Indiana; and an infant that died unnamed. Mr. Pence is a deacon in the primitive Baptist church, and in politics is a Democrat. For eight years he held the office of justice of the peace. He is one of the stockholders in the First National Bank of Swayzee, and enjoys the thorough respect of the business community.

From: Benjamin G. Shinn [editor], Blackford and Grant Counties Indiana, a Chronicle of Their People past and Present With Family Lineage and Personal Memoirs (Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), Vol. II.

Andrew Bentz

ANDREW BENTZ was born 28 Oct 1826 in Warrington Twp, York Co.unty, Pennsylvania, son of Jacob and Mary (Bushy) Bentz, natives of York County, Penn. His great grandfather was a native of Germany. Subject's father lived in Codorus Township, York Co., Penn., but about 1790 removed to Warrington Township. The father of subject was born in 1781. He was a farmer and died in 1833. He had thirteen children. Our subject remained on the farm until seventeen years of age, when he began serving an apprenticeship at carpentering, and worked at that trade for a number of years. He then began farming, which he has since followed successfully. He was married in 1852, to Miss. Lydia Bushy, a native of York County, and daughter of George Bushey. Mr. Bentz is a Democrat, and has held various political offices. In 1883 he was elected director of the poor of York County. He is a director of the Dillsburg National Bank. Mr. And Mrs. Bentz are members of the church, and are among the first! citizens of Warrington Township.

From: History of York County, Illustrated, by John Gibson, Historical Editor, 1883.

Isaac Pence

ISAAC PENCE was born in 1794; came to Ohio in 1806; enlisted in the War of 1812 at Newark, under Captain John Spencer; came back to Somerset to work as a journeyman blacksmith; was married in 1816 to Katharine, sister of Judge Heck. His father's name was Peter, born in Germany; his mother's name was Katharine Godfrey, born in Ireland. Her first husband was killed by the Indians; was a member of the United Brethren Church fifty-one years. When he first joined church the preacher's circuit was two hundred miles round.

From: Albert Adams Graham, History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1883), contained in a writeup on Enos Middaugh, page 483.

Wesley Pence

WESLEY PENCE, owner of a large and highly improved farm in New Market township and an extensive breeder of fine stock, is of the third generation removed from one of the first settlers of Highland county. The founders of the western branch of the family came from Virginia to Ohio in the early part of the last century and settled in Adams county, where they remained until about 1810. In that year they removed to Highland county, bringing their son Henry, who married Catherine, daughter of Isaac and Mary Layman, immigrants who came from Virginia in 1800. Henry Pence and wife located in what is now Hamer township, spent their lives in clearing and cultivating a pioneer farm and became the parents of fourteen children, all of whom are now dead except John, Henry and Mahala, now Mrs. McKee. George Pence, fourth of the children in age, was born in New Market township, February 28, 1816, and remained with his parents until he had passed his majority. He married Catherine, daughter of Philip and Polly Wilkin, located on a farm and in time became a large land-owner, and passed away at the age of eighty-four years after becoming the father of the following children: Margaret, deceased; Wesley, subject of this sketch; Franklin, of New Market township; Ellis, of Columbus; Andrew W., of New Market; Polly, Sarah and Alice, deceased. Wesley Pence, second of the children, was born in New Market township, Highland county, Ohio, April 13, 1842, on the farm adjoining his present home place. In the summer of 1862 he enlisted in Company A, Eighty-ninth regiment Ohio Volunter infantry, which was first sent to Kentucky and from there to West Virginia, where it went into winter quarters. Later it was ordered to Tennessee and participated actively in the campaigns which culminated in the battle of Chickamauga. Mr. Pence was discharged on account of disability and returned home, where he remained until the spring of 1864, and then re-enlisted in Company A, Hundred and Sixty-eighth regiment Ohio National Guard. This command was sent to Kentucky and after a hot fight at Cynthiana was captured but soon afterward paroled. Later the regiment did guard duty at Cincinnati and in September was sent to Camp Dennison, where it was discharged from the service. When Mr. Pence returned home the second time in the fall of 1864, he resumed his occupation on the farm and shortly afterward was married to Susannah J., daughter of Carey and Sarah (Trop) Duckwall, descendant of one of the oldest families in the county. For awhile after marriage Mr. Pence resided in Liberty township, then purchased a place of 136 acres in New Market Township, where he has since made his home. His original holdings have been increased to 530 acres, on which he has erected modern buildings of all kinds and in every way so improved it that it is now regared as the best equipped farm in the township. He raises stock extensively, making a specialty if Shorthorn cattle, of which he has one of the handsomest herds in the county. As a farmer he is progressive and enterprising, keeping well abreast of all modern improvements and well informed in all that concerns advanced agriculture. He is a member of Golden Ridge grange, No. 230, at New Market, and Hillsboro post, No. 205, Grand Army of the Republic. His religious affiliations are with the Mount Zion Reformed church and his political views are those of the Republican party. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have four children: Carey A., of Liberty township; William H., of Hillsboro; Sarah H., wife of Urban Orebaugh, and General George O., now at home.

Source unidentified, but likely: J. W. Kiser and A. E. Hough, The county of Highland: A History of Highland County, Ohio (Madison, Wisconsin: Northwestern Historical Association, 1902).

Jeremiah Pence

JEREMIAH PENCE was born in Rockingham county, VA., in 1807; is a son of William and Christina (Sellers) Pence of that state. He was married in Ohio in 1832 to Margaret A. Brawley, a native of North Carolina, he came to this county in 1837, and the following year he selected the site of his present home, which, from an unbroken wilderness, has been transformed to a well cultivated farm, comprising 185 acres, valued at $40 per acre. Mr. Pence is one of the oldest settlers of the county, and a staunch Democrat. Of his several children 3 are living.

William Pence

WILLIAM PENCE, farmer sec 1, P.O. Pittsfield, was born in Preble county, OH in 1839, was married in 1866 to Miss Sarah Little, and they have 2 children, Thomas H and Ida M. Mr. Pence came to this county in 1856 and settled in this township where he has since made his home and owns 70 acres of land valued at $60 per acre. In politics he is a Democrat.

From: History of Pike County, Illinois (Chas. C. Chapman & Co., 1880).

Jacob Cozat Pence

J. C. PENCE, farmer; P. O. Lebanon; was born in Turtle Creek Township Dec 3, 1833; he is the son of John M. and Maria Pence, both of German descent, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Warren County. Our subject received a limited education and has followed farming all his life. He was married, in 1859, to Annjenette Earnhart, a native of Clear Creek Township, by whom he has had eight children, viz., Edgar C., Eva M., Mary A., George B., Carrie M., Nettie Ray, Carrie L. and Jacob O. Mr. Pence owns a fine farm where he lives, of 92 ½ acres, in addition to other lands, amounting in all to 313 acres. He is a Democrat in politics, and for many years was one of the Board of School Directors of his district.

Source: The History of Warren County, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1882; reprint, Mt. Vernon, IN: Windmill Publications, 1992), Part V, Biographical Sketches, Turtlecreek Township, 771.

Robert Pence

John Pence, the father of our sketch, was born in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, January 12, 1803. He was raised as a farmer and mechanic, and educated in the common schools. March 4, 1829, he married Miss Hannah Pence. In 1838 he removed to Illinois, landing at Shokokon June 2, and moved into a log cabin on Sec. 11, T.*, R.6. They were the parents of six children: Robert, Philip, Susan Ann, Harriet, Louisaand Anna Belle. Mr. Pence died April 12, 1860; Mrs. Pence died March 22, 1861. Robert Pence grew to manhood among the pioneers of the county, and was married December 11, 1862, to Miss Anna Howard, daughter of Thomas and Betty Howard. She was born in England, and while yet a mere child her parents came to America and settled in New york. They emigrated to Henderson county in 1856, where she was met and won by Robert Pence. They have ten children: James Robert, born January 25, 1864; Thomas Lee, born March 10, 1865; Estella May, born March 1, 1867; Philip Edward, born December 28, 1869; Charles Henry, born December 18, 1871; Harriet Ann, born November 13, 1873; Martha Jane, born August 16, 1875; Orville Foster, born August 4, 1877; Olive Blanche, born June 11, 1879; Harry Franklin, born January 25, 1882. Mr. Pence now resides on the old homestead.

The History of Mercer and Henderson Counties Together With Biographical Matter, Statistics, Etc.gathered from Matter Furnished by the Mercer and Henderson County Historical Societies, Interviews with Old Settlers, County, Township and Other Records, and Extracts from Files of Papers, Pamphlets, and Such Other Sources as Have Been Available. (Chicago: H. H. Hill and Company, Publishers, 1882) [Honey Creek Township, Page 351]

John A. Pence

JOHN A. PENCE is a son of John and Elizabeth (Heaton) Pence, founder and builder of Pence's Fort, of historic note in Henderson county. He was born near Oquawka August 12, 1830, and is believed to be the first white child born within what are now the bounds of Henderson county. His earliest years were spent without the advantages of surroundings of the children of the present day. His playmates were the the children of the Indians, who shared with him their rude playthings as well as their mother's breasts. His educational advantages were extremely meager. In March, 1850, he went to California, where he remained till June, 1859, when he returned to his home in Oquawka. In 1861, when red handed treason and rebellion threatened his country, he volunteered his services in defense of the national flag, as a member of Co. D, 7th Mo. Cavalry. After eighteen months warfare, he was wounded and taken prisoner by Quantrell's band of guerillas, and was soon after paroled, first being sworn never to again take up arms against the confederate states. During his short term of service he filled the positions of action adjutant, post quartermaster, and lieutenant. December 19, 1862, he was married to Miss Mary A. Chapin, a daughter of Mr. Ebenezer and Catharine (Daggett) Chapin, who came to Henderson in 1839. They were formerly from Indiana and emigrated to Knox county, Illinois, in an early day. Mr. Pence has given much attention to the gathering and preserving of geological specimens, and has now in his possession of of the finest cabinets in the country.

The History of Mercer and Henderson Counties Together With Biographical Matter, Statistics, Etc.gathered from Matter Furnished by the Mercer and Henderson County Historical Societies, Interviews with Old Settlers, County, Township and Other Records, and Extracts from Files of Papers, Pamphlets, and Such Other Sources as Have Been Available. (Chicago: H. H. Hill and Company, Publishers, 1882) [Oquawka Township]

John Hedrick

John Hedrick was born in Rockingham County, Va., March 31, 1822, a son of Charles and Margaret (PENCE) Hedrick, natives of Virginia. His parents were married in their native State, and in 1824 moved to Preble County, Ohio, remaining there till 1840, when they came to Henry County, Ind., and settled on a farm in Fall Creek, where the father died in 1856. The mother afterward went to Missouri to live with a daughter, and died there in 1868. Of their seven children but three are living. John Hedrick was a shrewd business man, and his investments have generally been advantageous. He owns a fine farm of 420 acres, a part of it the old homestead, and considerable property in Middletown. Mr. Hedrick was married in 1843 to Margaret, daughter of John and Margaret Hart, pioneers of Henry County. They have had eight children; but two are living-John W. and Sarah C. (wife of J. L. Saunders). Politically Mr. Hedrick was originally a Whig, but now affiliates with the Democratic party.

From: History of Henry County, Indiana (Chcago: Interstate Publishing Co., 1884) 594.

Wallace Monroe Pence

Wallace M. PENCE -- is the nominee for district attorney. He was born in Henderson county, Illinois in 1860, therefore is now 32 years old. His parents were descendants of early settlers in Pennsylvania, his mother's ancestors having come over with William PENN. He was educated in the public schools of Illinois and Iowa, attended Washington academy at Washington, Iowa, and the Western Normal college at Shenandoah, graduating in the teachers' and scientific course with the degree of Bachelor of Science in 1884. He came to California in 1885 and joined his father and family at Parkfield, where they had previously settled. After teaching school 2 years he entered the law school at the Kansas State university in 1887 and returned to California in 1888, where he continued his law studies till the death of his father in 1889. In 1890 he was deputy assessor under S.J. WESTLAKE for the district east of the Salinas river from Bradley and Indian valley south to the county line. Mr. PENCE came to Salinas in the spring of 1891 and has been practicing law here since that time. He is well qualified to discharge the duties of district attorney. From: Salinas Weekly Index, Salinas, Monterey, California, Thursday, 8 Sep 1892. Transcribed by Dee Sardoch.

Harry E. Pence

PENCE, HARRY E, Minneapolis. Res 1921 Colfax Av S, office 917-919 Hennipen Av. Automobiles. Born Oct 7, 1867 in Springboro, O, son of Charles N and Ruth A Pence. Educated in the public schools of Springboro O and Eastman College, Poughkeepsie N Y. Lived on farm until 16 years of age; after leaving school traveled abroad, executor large estate Minneapolis; engaged in automobile business under firm name of Pence Automobile Co. 1902 to date. Pres and treas Oliver Investment Co, sec Minneapolis Realty and Investment Co.

From: Little Sketches of Big Folk, An alphabetical List of Men of Minnesota With Biographical Sketches (Minnesota Biographical Sketches, 1907).

George Lewis Pence, M.D.

GEORGE L. PENCE, M. D. One of the most accomplished physicians and surgeons of Summers County is Doctor George L. Pence of Hinton. Doctor Pence was a captain in the Medical Corps during the World war, saw active service in the field hospitals and light artillery in France both during the war and after the armistice. Doctor Pence was born at Pence Springs in Summers County, February 24, 1881, son of Andrew P. and Sallie Ann (Lewis) Pence. His father, founder of the noted resort and mineral springs known as Pence Springs, was born near Greenville in Monroe County, West Virginia, in 1839, and died in 1915. The family were pioneers of Monroe County. Andrew P. Pence served four years as a Confederate soldier in the artillery branch of the army. After the war he became a merchant, conducted a store at Green Sulphur Springs and Sandstone, now known as New Richmond, and subsequently was the partner in the business at Alderson. About 1877 he bought from the Jesse Beard estate about 300 acres, including the Pence Springs. He subsequently sold two-thirds in order to enlist capital for the development of the springs, but later bought back the interest. He did much to give publicity to the fine qualities of the mineral water, and established a large hotel that was filled with guests seeking the benefit of the water and the other attractions of the locality. Pence Springs is one of the noted resorts of the state, and is located twelve miles east of Hinton. Andrew P. Pence served as a member of the Legislature in 1910-12, for a number of years was president of the Board of Education in Talcott District, and he was an ardent democrat. His wife, Sallie Ann Lewis, was born at Blakes Mill in Greenbrier County, and is living at Pence Springs at the age of seventy-eight. They have five children: Jacob D., of Pence Springs; Bessie S., wife of O. C. Carter of Alderson; Silas H., of Pence Springs; George L.; and Nellie K., at home. George L. Pence grew up on the old homestead at Pence Springs, was educated in the public schools there, and was a student in West Virginia University from 1901 to 1903. In the latter year he entered the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore, graduating M. D. in 1906 and receiving a similar degree from West Virginia University. From 1906 to 1910 Doctor Pence was associated with The Hinton Hospital. In June, 1911, he was a student specializing in laboratory work in the Post-Graduate School of Medicine in New York. Following this experience in preparation Doctor Pence was engaged in a general practice at Pence Springs until July, 1917. At that date he joined the army, attending the Medical Training School at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. He was commissioned a first lieutenant and later promoted to captain. Doctor Pence went overseas with the Fifth Division in June, 1918, and until September was located in the Vosges sector, was in the St. Mihiel campaign and was with the Light Artillery during some of the great operations in the closing months of the war. He was transferred to the Nineteenth Field Artillery on the Moselle River, and was at Thieacourt at the time of the signing of the armistice. He was performing the duties of major in charge of a hospital for some time. After the armistice he was at Luxemburg, Esch, and Mondorf, a summer resort, in all about ten months. Doctor Pence had command of the Twenty-ninth Field Hospital, located at Mondorf for two months previous to returning to the United States in July, 1919. Since leaving the army he has been established in practice at Hinton. He is a member of the County, State and American Medical Associations, is a Royal Arch and Knight Templar Mason and Shriner, a member of the Elks, the Chamber of Commerce, and is a democrat in politics.

History of West Virginia, Old and New (The American Historical Society, Inc., Chicago and New York, 1932), Volume II, 612-613

Peter Pence

The life record of this honored pioneer, and his connection with many of the leading events in the history of Idaho, form no unimportant chapter in the annals of the state. He has been identified with its early development through the period when existence in the northwest was attended by many difficulties and dangers, and with its latter-day progress and advancement which have placed Idaho on a par with many of the older states of the east.

His early years were spent far from this "Gem of the Mountains." He was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, in October, 1837, and is of German ancestry, the founders of the family in America having been early settlers of the Keystone state. The grandfather of our subject, George Washington Pence, served as a lieutenant in the Revolutionary war and lived to be one hundred years of age, while his wife reached the remarkable age of one hundred and seven years. Their son, who also bore the name of George W. Pence and is the father of our subject, was born in Pennsylvania, November 10, 1810, and is still living on the old family homestead where be first opened his eyes to the light of day. He married Deborah McKee, who was of Irish lineage. They were industrious farming people and were members of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Pence has survived his fourth wife. By his marriage to the mother of our subject he had ten children, eight of whom are living, including Sarah Pence, who resides in the east and is president of the National League. Other members of the family are prominent in various walks of life and the Pence history is most creditable and commendable.

Peter Pence was reared upon his father's farm, assisting in the labors of field and meadow through the summer months, while in the winter season he attended the public schools of the neighborhood. In 1857 he went to Kansas, where he was living all through the troublous times concerning the adoption or rejection of slavery in that state. He had many thrilling experiences and narrow escapes, which if written in detail would form an interesting volume. He almost met death at the hands of border ruffians on several occasions, and at one time was waylaid by the "jayhawkers," who stole his team from him, but with dauntless courage he followed them and finally succeeded in recovering possession of his horses. With his team he hauled to Atchison the "Jim Lane cannon," with which they defended the town.

In 1861 Mr. Pence made three trips to Denver, Colorado, freighting with oxen and hauling the goods that stocked some of the first stores built in that city. In 1862 he again started with an ox team on the long and perilous journey across the arid plains, leaving the Missouri river on the glh of June. They were harassed by Indians, lost some of their stock and saw the remains of many emigrants who had been killed by the savages. They arrived at the fording place of the Malheur river, September 26, 1862, but were there delayed for a day by the death of one of the party. At that point they met the men who had just discovered gold in the Boise basin, but Mr. Pence was prevailed upon to go with the company to Batter City, Oregon, which was then a town of two unfinished houses.

After two weeks passed there, he went to Auburn and thence came to the Boise basin, where he arrived on the ist of November. He formed a partnership with Samuel Kenney and they whipsawed lumber, for which in the spring of 1863 they were paid three hundred dollars per thousand feet, the winter's work thus bringing them thirty dollars per day. Expenses, however, were very high, flour sometimes selling for a dollar a pound, and other things in proportion. In 1863 Mr. Pence began mining, but did not meet with success in that venture, and so followed freighting from Umatilla and Walla Walla to the Boise basin until 1866, when he operated a horse-power threshing machine in Boise valley, receiving fifteen cents a bushel for threshing grain. He saw a man called Beaver Dick stake out the first ranch located in the Boise valley, the land being about five miles above Boise City.

In 1867 he too became a ranch owner, in the famous Payette valley, ten miles above the present town of Payette, turning his attention to the raising of stock, in which he has since been successfully engaged. He has had as many as two thousand head of cattle at one time, and his sales of stock, in 1887, amounted to forty-two thousand and five hundred dollars.

For many years he has made his headquarters in Payette, and at various times has successfully conducted a meat market in connection with the management of his large ranch, both in Boise City and other places.

His business interests have been conducted with marked ability, and he is widely recognized as one of the leading stock dealers of the state. His realty holdings are very extensive, including about three thousand acres of rich farming lands, together with an entire block in the city of Payette, on which his residence is situated. He also owns a half interest in the Garie addition to Payette, is largely interested in the irrigation ditch known as the Lower Payette ditch, which supplies water in the lower Payette and Snake river valleys to the Weiser river, a distance of twenty-two miles, and is at present president of three ditch incorporations.

He is also vice-president of the Payette Valley Bank. The varied nature of his business interests indicates his resourceful business ability. He is quick to note a favorable opportunity, is energetic and enterprising, and in matters of business management his judgment is rarely at fault. His property has been worthily acquired and is a fitting reward to one who has experienced all the hardships of pioneer life in the northwest.

On the 6th of October, 1873, Mr. Pence married Miss Anna Bixby, who was born in Missouri, but was reared in Nebraska. Her father, Seth Bixby, was a prominent California pioneer. Mr. and Mrs. Pence have six children, four sons and two daughters: Emma Belle, wife of F. M. Satoris; Edward, Lloyd, Harry, Walter and Grace. The three eldest children are all college graduates, and it is the intention that the younger ones shall receive equally good educational privileges, that they may thus be well fitted for the practical and responsible duties of life. Mr. and Mrs. Pence are charter members of the Methodist church of Payette, and have ever taken a most active interest in its work. They contributed liberally toward the erection of the house of worship in Payette, and also the Methodist church in Weiser. The cause of education has likewise found in them trustworthy friends, and no worthy movement seeks their aid in vain. He is at present a member of the school board in Payette.

In his political views Mr. Pence is a stalwart Republican. He served as the first mayor of Payette, proving a competent and faithful official, and is now a member of the town council. He is a charter member of the Masonic lodge of the town and has taken the Royal Arch degrees of the order. Thus has he been prominently connected with the business, social, educational and moral interests of his adopted state, and that, too, from the earliest period of its development.

He came to Idaho at a time when perils and hardships were on every hand, when the pioneers built for their protection at different points along the river stockades to which they escaped from the savages. Many a night Mr. Pence has slept with his family in the bushes for fear the Indians would attack them in their home and murder them all. On other occasions he has hastily placed wife and children into the wagon and driven with all speed to the stockade. Atrocities committed by Indians, and often by the lawless element usually found in a new community, are too terrible to relate; but that period in the history of the state has long since passed; law, order and peace hold dominion over this beautiful region, rich with the bountiful gifts of nature, and Mr. Pence, with many others of the brave pioneers, is now enjoying the fruits of his former toil. [From: An illustrated History of the State of Idaho (Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company,1899),162]

Peter Pence

PETER PENCE has passed the eighty-second milestone on life's journey and yet the years rest lightly upon him. He is a remarkable man for one of his age, his mind keenly alert and active, his face glowing with health, and he remains an invaluable factor in the life of Payette, to the upbuilding and development of which he has made so large contribution. Mr. Pence was born in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, October 12, 1837, and his meager education was confined to attendance at the country schools for three months during the winter seasons. At the age of twenty-one years he started out in life on his own responsibility and in the spring of 1858 proceeded by boat to St. Paul, Minnesota, but not being favorably impressed with that city, continued his journey to Atchison, Kansas where he began earning a living by chopping cord wood. In 1860, he took up the work of freighting with ox teams from Atchison, Kansas to Denver, Colorado and on his first trip in March of that year, hauled the merchandise for the fourth store in Denver. He made three trips that summer, the round trip being fourteen hundred miles. On his first return trip, at a place known as Boxelder, about one hundred and seventy-five miles east of Denver, the party was held up by the Indians, who were determined to revenge themselves on white people because of a cut inflicted on one of their band by the storekeeper at Boxelder. After a long conference, however, they decided to be pacified by a gift of various kinds of stores and no blood was shed. At this time of year buffaloes were migrating and the freighters found it necessary to shoot the animals to keep them from running over their wagons, so numerous were they. The men were forced to stop their train and chain their oxen to the wagons to keep them from stampeding. In the spring of 1861, an influential man by the name of Jim Lane took to Atchison a six-pounder cannon and one hundred rounds of ammunition to protect the town from the rebels. With his team Mr. Pence hauled the cannon to the Missouri Heights, from which location they fired thirteen rounds across the river at the enemy, who beat a hasty retreat. The rebel troops were under the command of General Price and their object was to seize the ferry. During that summer Mr. Pence engaged in farming, raising corn, which he sold at fifteen cents per bushel, and during the winter he operated a threshing machine. At that time the country was overrun with horse thieves and murderers, so that Mr. Pence decided to move farther west. In 1862, therefore, with an ox team, he joined a train of fifty wagons and three hundred and sixty people headed for Idaho. They arrived on the east side of the Malheur River, opposite the town of Vale, September 24, 1862, and there they buried one of their party who had died of jaundice. The following day they resumed their journey, but three of their party soon left them to make their way to the Boise Basin. Arriving in Baker City, Oregon, the party found there the foundations for two houses in the way of settlement and at that point awaited the report of the men who were sent to reconnoiter the Boise Basin. He arrived just in time to attend the first miner's meeting at Placerville in the Boise Basin on the 2nd of November, 1862. In crossing the Snake River, seven miles south of Payette, at what was called the Whitley Bottom, he was charged two dollars and a half by a ferryman for taking him across in a skiff, swimming his ponies. In order to pay this ferryman he was compelled to borrow a dollar and a quarter from a companion, so he arrived in Idaho nearly empty-handed save for his grubstake. The day following the meeting of the miners, Mr. Pence and his associate, Samuel Kenney, went to the present site of Idaho City and there Mr.Pence engaged in prospecting and his partner hauled logs for the building of the town, for which he received a wage of sixteen dollars per day. The two men built a log cabin for themselves large enough to accommodate four people. About this time the rush started. On Christmas day they hired a man who had a sythe to mow hay on Elk creek for their oxen. That winter they whipsawed sluice lumber, paying forty-five dollars for the whipsaw and sawing about one hundred feet per day, which they sold at twenty-five cents per foot, and before their supply of lumber was exhausted they were paid three hundred dollars a thousand for the remainder by Henry Stark and Joe Olden, two of the picturesque gamblers of the times, they were anxious to open a saloon. Prices were very high at that time. Mr. Pence and his partner were paying one dollar per pound for flour, two dollars and a half per pound for bacon, twenty-five dollars for gum boots, twelve dollars for a pick and eight dollars for a shovel. In April, 1863, they resumed mining and lost all their lumber profits. The partnership then dissolved and Mr. Pence engaged in packing with horses and mules from Umatilla, Oregon to Silver City, Idaho, receiving twenty-eight dollars per hundred pounds. Later he teamed from Umatilla, Oregon to Walla Walla, Washington, in the years 1864 and 1865, and in 1866 he took his teams to The Dalles, Oregon and went to Portland, where he purchased a threshing machine, for by this time there was considerable grain being raised in the Boise valley and threshers received from fourteen to twenty-five cents a bushel while grain was worth twenty-five cents a pound as soon as it was threshed. In the fall of 1866, Mr. Pence sold his threshing outfit and on the 9th of January, 1867 left Boise for Walla Walla, Washington to buy cattle. In the spring he brought to the Payette valley one of the first bands of cattle. With every phase of pioneer life in this section of the state he is familiar. The town of Boise was just being staked out when he arrived in 1863. He tells a story which indicates the conditions that existed in those days. He and his partner, returning to their mine from Idaho City, stepped into the butcher shop to get a steak. Just at that time a fight broke out in the street and Jones, the butcher, decided to interfere. Being a powerful man, he threw the fighters apart and in so doing stopped a bullet by his head, resulting in his instant death. He was left lying where he fell until the next day, when a rope was put around his neck and he was dragged away - such was the little value placed upon a man's life at that time. In the summer of 1867, Mr. Pence gave Bill Hill fourteen hundred dollars in gold bars to vacate his claim at the mouth of Big Willow, in Payette county in favor of Mr. Pence, who has since developed the land into one of the best stock ranches in this section. It is now the property of his two youngest sons and is known as the Pence Brothers Ranch. Thereon they cut annually eight hundred tons of hay, which is fed to stock. which they are raising extensively. All of Mr. Pence's children save one were born upon that ranch. When the Oregon Short Line Railroad was completed into Oregon, Mr. Pence removed to Payette, where he has since lived. For some years he handled real estate and at the same time raised cattle and sheep on his ranch. Later he turned his attention to banking, acquiring a large amount of stock in the Bank of Commerce while subsequently he became one of the chief owners of the First National Bank into which he merged the Bank of Commerce, and since then he has been the president of the First National Bank of Payette. He owns an interest with William A. Coughanour in the First National Bank building and they are both largely interested in the Idaho Canning Company of Payette, the only canning plant west of Utah, Mr. Pence being the president. He has also been connected with the irrigation interests and was president of the Lower Payette Ditch Company, which has one of the best irrigation plants and the lowest water rate in the state, this being twenty-five cents per acre. In 1872 was celebrated the marriage of Peter Pence and Anna Bixby, a native of Nebraska, who passed away July 18, 1906. They were the parents of eight children, two of whom are deceased. Mrs. Belle Satoris, the eldest, is the mother of two children; Harline, now attending the normal school at Moscow, and Fred, a high school pupil in Payette. Edward C., who is connected with the Graves Transfer Company of Boise, married Besse Venable, of Boise, whose brother is private secretary of Senator Borah at Washington. Edward C. and his wife have two children, Earl and Mildred. Albert Lloyd married Cady Taylor, of Missouri, and they have six children, Katherine, Gladys, Peter M., Pauline and Albert Lloyd all attending school in Payette, and Margaret. Harry D. married Delia Applegate, of Idaho. Walter G. married Ada Cram, of Payette, and they have one child, Lucille. Grace E. is the wife of R. D. Bradshaw and they have a daughter and two sons, Edith, Douglas and Kenneth, all attending school in Payette. Mr. Pence is very proud of his grandchildren and presented each one of them with a hundred-dollar Liberty bond at Christmas time of 1918. While Mr. Pence has conducted most extensive and important business interests that have constituted valuable elements in the upbuilding of his city and state, he also further advanced the public welfare through service in office. In 1890, he was elected to the state legislature and he was chairman of the school board of Payette when the first brick schoolhouse was built in the city and was largely instrumental in buying the block where the school stands. For several terms he served as mayor of Payette, being its first chief executive, and he labored earnestly in the execution of his official duties to advance the general welfare. He is a charter member of the Masonic faternity of Payette and throughout his life has been a worthy follower of the craft. His is a notable career of activity and efficiency and to him the lines of Victor Hugo may well be applied: "The snows of winter are on his head, But the flowers of spring are in his heart."'

[From: History of Idaho -The Gem of the Mountains (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1920)]

Edward C. Pence

EDWARD C. PENCE, secretary, treasurer and manager of the Graves Drayage & Storage Company of Boise, is one of Idaho's native sons. He was born in the Payette valley on the 20th of January, 1876, and is the eldest son and second child of Peter and Anna (Bixby) Pence, the latter a daughter of Seth Bixby formerly a well known ranchman and live stock dealer of this section of Idaho, having become a pioneer settler of the Boise basin. Anna Bixby was the first white child brought to the Boise basin and with every phase of pioneer life became familiar during the formative period in the history of the state. On ,(aching womanhood she gave her hand in marriage to Peter Pence, who is now living retired, making his home in Payette. However, he still retains the presidency of the First National Bank of that place. Edward C. Pence was reared on a ranch in the Payette valley and in the town of Payette and his educational advantages were those offered by the public schools of the state supplemented by study in the university of Idaho and in the Portland University of Portland, Oregon. He spent one year in each of those higher institutions of learning and put aside his textbooks in 1894, when eighteen years of age. He then turned his attention to the live stock business, in 'which he engaged with his father until 1898 and afterward alone until 1911, becoming one of the prominent and successful live stock dealers of his section of the state. He established his home in Boise in 1910 and in the following year purshared a controlling interest in the Graves Drayage S Storage Company, of which he has since beer. the secretary, treasurer and manager. The offices of the company are at No. 215 South Tenth street and the firm has built up a good business. It was established in 1892 by Nelson Graves and the name has since been retained. In addition to his interests in this business Mr. Pence is now developing a ranch in the Salmon River valley, devoted to the raising of cattle and sheep. On the 2d of April, 1902, Mr. Pence was married to Miss Bess Venable, of Payette, Idaho, who was born in Missouri and is a graduate of the Payette high school. To Mr. and Mrs. Pence have been born a son and a daughter, Walter Karl and Mildred Elizabeth, aged respectively thirteen and ten years. Mr. Pence belongs to the Boise Commercial Club and fraternally is connetted with the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. He has been a witness of the wonderful transformation wrought in Idaho through the past forty-three years. He can tell the story of its growth and progress and rejoices sincerely to what has been accomplished. At the same time he has contributed to the general development, his aid being at all times given to well defined plans and measures for public welfare. From: History of IDAHO - The Gem of the Mountains (Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1920).

Aaron Pence

AARON PENCE, Terre Haute, blacksmith, is the son of Peter and Margaret (Newell) Pence, who were natives of Ohio, and of German-Irish descent. They came west in 1834 and located in Parke county, Indiana, and became one of the prominent families of that county. Soon after they came to that county they purchased a farm on which they resided until their deaths. Mr. PENCE died October 15, 1877, and Mrs. Pence in 1867. Aaron Pence was born in Parke county, Indiana, December 25, 1836, and resided with his parents, attending school from thirty to forty days in the winter and working on the farm in the summer. This he continued until sixteen years of age, and then went to Rockville, in the same county, and served an apprenticeship, learning the blacksmith's trade, which he completed at nineteen years of age. The spot where he learned the trade is now marked by a church. December 31, 1857, Mr. Pence took a life partner, his choice being Miss Caroline Witham, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Witham, who were natives of Kentucky and Maryland. March 24, 1846, Mr. WITHAM died. Mrs. Witham now resides in this county (Vigo). Mr. Pence came to Vigo county in 1861, and located on the Lafayette road five miles north of Terre Haute, where he has been engaged in his former occupation, that of a blacksmith. Being a competent workman, and dealing honestly with his many customers, he has not only secured a large patronage but a wide circle of friends.

From: Hiram Williams Beckwith, History Of Vigo And Parke Counties, Together With Historic Notes on the Wabash Valley (Chicago: H. H. Hill and N. Iddings, 1880), Otter Creek Township, 506.

Abraham W. Pence

ABRAHAM W. PENCE. -- Those who visit Abraham W. Pence will be ready to join with his neighbors in pronouncing him a genial, pleasant, and kind hearted man of decided intelligence, who takes a deep interest in matters pertaining to his community. Mr. Pence was born in Henry County, Indiana, February 8, 1831, and lived under his father's roof until he was twenty-four years old, working upon the farm, and making himself generally useful. He married, March 23, 1854, Miss Elizabeth Moffett, who was born August 5, 1827, in Wayne county, Indiana She was the daughter of Lambert Moffett, a native of Ireland, who came to this country when a young man. In 1827, Mr. Moffett purchased land in Mount Pleasant Township, this county, where he lived until his death. Mr. Pence is the, son of Christian and Frances (Fisher) Pence, the father born in 1805, and the mother in 1810, both natives of Virginia. These parents moved to Henry county, Indiana, in 1829, and the father entered 160 acres of land, which he worked, and at the same time followed his trade as a cooper. At one time, Christian Pence owned 600 acres of land, and he lived upon his original tract until his death, which occurred in 1875. He gave his son, Abraham W., a 160-acre tract, upon which the latter now lives in Washington Township. The wife of Christian Pence survived her husband a few years. Abraham W. Pence removed to this township after his marriage, and located upon the farm that his father gave him. It was at that time a wilderness, but with energy and hard work, he converted it into a very good farm. He had the misfortune to lose his wife March 16, 1869, and since that time has remained unmarried. Mr. Pence is of German parentage, and his wife was of Irish descent. She, like her husband, was a member of the Christian church, and her remains lie buried in the Perry Grove Cemetery. Mr. Pence has always voted the republican ticket, and is an active worker in that party. By his marriage, he is the father of seven children, as follows: Christian, Samuel P., Frances Maria, Amanda Jane, Susan, Alfred James and an infant unnamed.

From: A Portrait & Biographical Record of Delaware County, Indiana (Chicago : A. W. Bowen, 1894).

William Henry Pence

CAPT. WILLIAM H. PENCE, one of the most prominent of the old settlers of Clay County, and a wealthy and influential farmer residing on section 16, Kearney Township, was born in Scott County, Ky., March 20, 1825. The Grandfather of our subject, Adam, was born in Virginia, whither his father had emigrated from Germany in Colonial times, and there married a young woman from his native country, after which they removed to Kentucky to find their fortune. About that time the great Daniel Boone, dear to all Kentuckians, was laying destruction among the savages and wild animals of the Blue Grass State, and in Scott County the famous pioneer and the great-grandfather of our subject became well acquainted. The latter died in Scott County at an advanced age. In the industrious pursuit of his calling of a farmer, Adam Pence was quite successful, and became the owner of a large tract of land. In 1825, he came to Clay County, Mo., where he entered from the Government nearly one thousand acres, and settled four milles west of Liberty. There he died at the age of seventy-nine years. The father of our subject married in Scott County, Ky., and came to Clay County when William was a babe of six months. The journey was made with a wagon and five horses, and had its pleasures and hardships. Camping out at night, fording streams, breaking through forests where no roads had been cut, and avoiding the Indians, were some of the experiences which our pioneer ancestors went through with in order to leave to the present generation the comforts which now surround us. Mr. Pence settled four miles west of Liberty, and in his new home was often visited by the Indians, with whom he became well acquainted. His first work was the building of a log cabin, which, although primitive in construction, served as a shelter for the family. That was the day of Individual and isolated effort, and there were no labor-saving processes or appliances. Milling had to be done with horse-mills, there were no markets near, and no roads through the wilderness except the Indian trails. Deer and wolves were numerous, and black bear meat sometimes hung in the larder, but for a long time there was great scarcity of the luxuries, so called then, but which we now name as necessities of civilized life. About 1835, Mr. Pence removed to Kearney Township, and there bought and entered four hundred acres of land, which he partially improved. He died when he had reached the eighty-sixth anniversary of his birth, lacking one day. An intelligent and enterprising man, he occupied a prominent position in his community, and his homor and integrity were unquestioned. For fifty years he was a devoted member of the Baptist Church. From his youth he was an ardent supporter of the principles of Democracy. During the days of the gold excitement, he went to California, and while there served as county Judge for two years. The mother of our subject was Anna Snell, a native of Scott County, Ky., and of her marriage were born seven sons and five daughters, namely: William H., Josiah, Jackson, Robert, Adam, Thomas, Alexander D. Margaret A., Sallie, Eliza, Lurania, and Catherine, who died in infancy. The mother attained to the eighty-fifth anniversary of her birth when she passed away. She was a consistent member of the Baptist Church. This branch of the family was of English extraction. As before stated, our subject was brought to Clay County at the age of six months. His early education was received at a subscription school held in a pioneer log schoolhouse, with puncheon floor, open fireplace and slab benches. He remained on the home farm, attending to the duties that usually devolve upon bous of his age, until his eighteenth year. After farming a short time for himself, he left these peaceful pursuits, and in May, 1846, enlisted for the Mexican War, in Moss' company, and Donathan's regiment. During his service of fourteen months, he participated in three heavy battles and many smaller engagements, traveled six thousand miles on horseback, and for eight months was without enough to eat. In June, 1847, he was mustered out at New Orleans and returned home. He preceded the gold miners to California some two years, going overland with six yoke of oxen in company with fourteen men. For four years he remained in the Golden State, and meanwhile mined, but mostly engaged in packing on mules to the mines. His train of twenty-seven mules was at one time covered under fifteen feet of snow, and this catastrophe entailed a loss of $7,000. By making snow shoes and walking fifteen miles, he was able to save himself, but he lost everything. As soon as he had earned enough money to pay his expenses, he returned to Missouri, making the trip by water. October 20, 1854, Capt. Pence married Dinitia Estes, who was born here; their nine children all grew to maturity and were: Jefferson, William, Josiah, Robert L., Harrison, Lucinda and America (deceased), Eliza E. and Adam. After his marriage he located on his present farm, where he built a log house and cut the first tree. Now he owns two hundred and seventy acres of improved land, on which he raises large crops of grain, and also engages extensively in stock-raising. The log house burned and he built his present large frame residence in 1870. He still superintends his farm. In 1862, our subject enlisted in Company C, Thompson's regiment, and served one year and a half, at the expiration of which time he was made Captain of his company. Mrs. Pence died October 19, 1871, aged thirty-one years. February 5, 1880, Capt. Pence married Miss America Smith, who was born in Kentucky, and came to this county in 1856. Our subject and his wife are members of the Christian Church, in which they take an active interest. In politics, Capt. Pence is a Democrat. He has never held any office, preferring private life. For thirty years he has been identified with the Masonic fraternity, and was a charter member of the lodge at Kearney. He is a Director and stockholder in the Kearney Bank, and a stockholder in the Holt Bank. In all measures originated to promote the welfare of the county, he has been foremost, and through the long period of his residence here he has maintained a reputation for honor and probity.

From: Portrait and Biographical Record of Clay, Ray, Carroll, Chariton, and Linn counties, Missouri . . . (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1893), 289-291.

Jacob Pence

JACOB PENCE, farmer; P. O. Urbana. Jacob Pence, Sr., was married to Miss Maria Coffman, in Shenandoah Co., Va., and came to the farm where our subject now lives, in 1805. This was afterward entered by him, and considerably improved. He built the first cabin near Mad River, and had many Indian neighbors. Jacob, Jr., had for playmates the young Indians, with whom he frequently went hunting. Life was of the free and easy sort, money was scarce, and so was food. The Indians made a great many baskets of ash wood, which was considered legal tender for anything to eat. Corn was frequently sold for 6 1/4 cents per bushel, on nine months' time. Money was almost impossible to get, and the pioneers had to help each other raise their cabins, cut and roll their logs, and assist in many other things. The Indians were friendly, but if when visiting the settlers they saw anything they wanted, they would give a grunt or two, quietly appropriate it, and walk away. Perhaps in a few days the Indian would come walking in with a fine piece of venison, which would be deposited with the same kind of a grant. The children of Jacob and Maria were nine in number, only two of whom are now living; our subject and his sister, Ann Albin, who lives in Tremont, Clark Co. The most wonderful thing connected with the Pence family was, that the parents of Jacob, Sr., Henry and Mary Pence, had seventeen children, all of whom lived to adult age, and all but two came to this county. Jacob, Sr., died in June, 1828, and his wife in February, 1815. The rand was left to the four children, which was afterward purchased by Jacob, Jr. He was married to Miss Sarah Dugan Sept. 15, 1833. They were parents of two sons and nine daughters. The sons, John and Clay, enlisted during the war of the rebellion, and their lives were both offered at their country's shrine. They never again saw their loved home, and the sad hearts of the parents can never feel at ease when thinking of their untimely end. Six of the daughters are married. and live in Ohio. Mr. Pence is a very prosperous farmer, and has a splendid home-like place, with a model housekeeper for a wife. He is cue of the quiet. unassuming men, who think deeply and act correctly. The children living are named Diary A., Elizabeth J., Eliza A., Sarah J., Nancy M., Maggie, Emma, Ida and Lucinda. [626]

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), pages 677-678.

Joseph Pence

JOSEPH PENCE, farmer; P.O. Urbana. The Pence family are largely represented, as the remote ancestry came to this county at an early date, and their descendants have been connected with its interests from its earliest history; the primeval forests have been converted into well-tilled fields, and the log cabins have given way to the modern farmhouses, during the last half century; this has all been accomplished during the time of the second generation, and still some of the pioneers live to see the wondrous works their hands have wrought. The father of Joseph Pence, Jr., was one of the first pioneers who came to the wild woods of Ohio; he settled here in 1802; he entered a section of land, the homestead being that now owned by Joseph; his first cabin was erected in the yard south of the substantial brick residence now gracing the farm; he returned to his native State, Virginia, for his wife, Miss Magdalena Coffman, to whom he was married in 1803; their wedding trip was the journey from her father's house to the forest home, that was still the abode of wild animals and the Indian; his nearest neighbor was a man by the name of Sherry; their nearest trading-point was Upper Sandusky, where they went for their scant supplies of coffee, sugar, etc.; they toiled early and late, clearing up the land and living on meager fare until the breaking out of the Indian war of 1812, when Joseph was drafted, and served under Gen. Harrison a short time; he hired a substitute, war not being congenial to his nature. Their life was full of hardships, and their children (nine in number) all learned to work, and were of great assistance in clearing up the land; five of these children are now living-Maria Fleming, Eliza Newell, Matilda Bell, Jane Bull and our subject. The Pence family were an enterprising people, and to this day they enjoy a reputation equal to any in the country; he gave each of his children a good farm, and left behind an honora ble record as a gentleman and upright businessman; his death occurred in July, 1855, and his wife's in January, 1874. Joseph, Jr., wedded Miss Jane Sifers in 1858 ; she was a native of Ohio; her parents also represent early settlers, but they are long since dead. Joseph and his wife have been parents of five children, of whom Effie and Harry are living; the old home is still graced by their presence, and a happy family are within its walls. Mr. Pence is a jolly host, and his wife is a fit companion for such a man; their name will live in the history of this county, as long as time shall last, as being not only pioneers, but reputable and worthy citizens as well.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 678.

David Pence

DAVID PENCE, retired farmer; P. O. Westville. This gentleman is one of the oldest men and represents the first families of this county. His father, Abram Pence, came to this county from Shenandoah Co., Va., in 1811, and settled on the farm now owned by our subject; he built a log cabin in the woods that had never been defaced by an ax, save when the Indian in his hunt for wild honey would fell a tree in which bees were discovered. He was married in Virginia; before his emigration, to Miss Elizabeth Mauck. The children are Mary, Abram, Elizabeth and David, who is the gentleman furnishing the facts for this sketch ; Mary. the eldest is also living and will he 89 years of age in November ; she is the mother of Allen Loudenback, whose sketch appears in this work. During the boyhood of David, there were Indians still living in the neighborhood, and frequently played with Indian boys, shooting the bow and arrow, etc.; there were frequent Indian scares previous to this, and one of his uncles, Joseph Mauck, left the settlement on account of it; the Indians, however, always treated the settlers kindly ; families were on the most friendly terms, and all the neighbors were obliged to help each other in their log-rollings and in the erection of their log cabins. Henry and Mary Pence-the grandparents of David settled in this township about 1805. The members of the Pence family who settled in Mad River Township were Benjamin, Isaac, Henry, Abram, the father of our subject, John, Samuel and Reuben. In Urbana Township, Jacob and Joseph settled. In Fairfield County, David Pence was the only male representative. The daughters were all settled in Mad River Township-Susannah, Annie, Elizabeth, Mary and John Stewart's wife, Magdaline and Barbara. The parents of all these children were among the first families that settled here. Henry was born in 1740, and Mary Blimly, his wife, in 1746. They emigrated from Germany to America in their youth; two of their children died in infancy and were not named, consequently they were the parents of nineteen children. David, our subject, was married to Priscilla Frazee in 1831, and has five children living; one child who died in infancy. Moses F. married Kate McFarland; Wilson T. wedded Angeline Stienbarger; Abram M. married Mary J. Wheeler; Maggie is the wife of W. S. Garrett, and Amanda wedded U. G. Burke. Mr. Pence and his wife live entirely at their ease on the home farm, surrounded by their children and blessed with plenty of this world's goods. They are both members of the Baptist Church, and, as they are descending the hillside of life band in hand, they feel happy in the thought that they are still spared to each other.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 723-24.

William Irvin Pence

WILLIAM IRVIN PENCE, farmer and manufacturer of drain tile; P. O. St. Paris; born in Jackson Township, Champaign Co., Sept. 8, 1836; is a son of Aaron and Rebecca Pence. She is a native of Pennsylvania; he of this State and county. He entered 200 acres of land in the above-named township, which he improved. He was the father of ten children, one died in infancy and one accidentally shot himself when about 13 years. of age. The remaining eight are still living. Aaron Pence departed this life March 6, 1869. His widow is still living and resides on the home farm. William I. was raised a farmer's boy, and received a common-school education. With the exception of six years spent in Hardin Co., Ohio, has resided in his native county and township. He is still engaged in agriculture, and also has an interest in a steam thresher. In 1874, he and two brothers built a mill and commenced the manufacture of drain tile. After operating three years, one of the brothers withdrew from the firm, leaving William I. and Jason P. to conduct the business, which they do very successfully. They put out about thirteen kilns annually, each kiln containing 800 rods. On the 22d of April, 1860, he was united in marriage with Catharine W Wolgamuth; eleven children are the fruits of this union-seven sons and four daughters, all living and enjoying good health. Their names are as follows: Stephen A. D., Elmer S., Miles M., Rose E., Hattie E., Charles F., Emmet C., Fletcher M., Clara A., John and Emma R. Mrs. Pence is also a native of this township, born April 17, 1837. She is a member of the Myrtle Tree Baptist Church.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 742.

Lemuel Pence

LEMUEL PENCE, retired farmer; P. O. St. Paris; is a son of David and Barbara (Offenbacker) Pence, both natives of Virginia, where they married. They emigrated to Ohio at an early day, locating in Champaign Co., where he became the owner of several fine farms, which he superintended daring life. His wire died about 1840, and he in 1864. Their children were ten in number, of whom three are now living, Lemuel being the second youngest; he was born in Concord Township, Champaign Co., Ohio, in 1821, and was raised to farm life and obtained a common education. He remained at home and nobly assisted his father until Aug. 5, 1847, when he married Miss Ann Jeffries, after which they commenced housekeeping on the old farm and cultivating the land. Mr. Pence is a practical farmer, and success has accompanied him through life. In 1871, he erected his present commodious and attractive dwelling on Sec. 1, Johnson Township, where he owns a fine farm in connection with other land. His residence is decorated with many attractive ornaments, and is kept in complete order by his noble and worthy wife. They are the parents of three children, viz., Sarah L., born Aug. 8, 1848; Aug. 8, 1864, she married T. P. Kite, and March 1, 1877, death severed their union, and she was consigned to the silent tomb. J. S., born July 30, 1850, received his primary education in the common schools, improved it at college, and is now a resident of Concord Township. The third child, Alice S., was born Oct. 2, 1860, and Jan. 1, 1879, married J. W. Byler. May 25, following, she was called hence by that destructive disease, consumption. Mrs. Pence was born in Butler Co , Ohio, March 8, 1826. On her 54th anniversary, there assembled about fifty persons of a refined class to celebrate the day. The parties came from Urbana, St. Paris and Millerstown. All passed off as merry as a wedding bell. After the big dinner, which all such occasions afford, Mrs. Pence was more completely surprised with numerous presents, among which we mention a gold watch and chain from her devoted husband, and a fine chair from her beloved and only son.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 760.

Jacob Pence

JACOB PENCE, farmer; P. O. St. Paris (Johnson Twp); son of Jacob and Sarah (Ebert) Pence, both natives of Virginia. They emigrated in their youthful days to Johnson Township, Champaign Co., where they married. They soon after became the owners of 80 acres , of land (in Sec. 6, Johnson Township) which they took from its wilds to a good state of cultivation and improvement. During life, Jacob Pence, Sr., devoted most of his time to his trade of blacksmith, following the same until within a few years of his death, which occurred in August, 1857. His third wife now survives at the advanced age of 73. Jacob, Sr., was the father of ten children, of whom four are now living. Jacob, Jr., our subject, was born in Johnson Township in 1828, where he has ever since resided. He was raised to farm life and obtained a limited education. In 1849, he married Mahala Offenbacker, after which he engaged in farming for himself in the spring and summer months, and during the fall and winter months he was engaged in threshing. Mr. Pence started in life on a mere nothing, and by his own exertions has accumulated until he now owns a fine farm of 262 acres in a good location and well im proved. Mr. and Mrs. Pence are the parents of seven children, of whom six are now living.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 760.

William F. Pence

WILLIAM F. PENCE came to Hardin county and located in Clay township, in 1856. Mr. Pence is a native of Ohio, being born in Champaign county, February 15, 1830. His parents were Martin and Susan (Maggard) Pence, the former being a native of West Virginia, and the latter of Ohio. William resided with his parents in Logan county, where they removed shortly after his birth, and where the parents both died. William F. Pence and Eliza J. Fuson were united in marriage in 1853. They have had nine children, seven of whom are now living - James M., Etna E., William D., Ellen M., Minnie E., Oliver B. and Cecil. The deceased are Margaret A. and Jessie. Mr. Pence has 170 acres of land on section 20. He has been prominently identified with the township since his arrival. Mr. and Mrs. Pence are members of the Baptist Church at Steamboat Rock.

William F. Pence

WILLIAM F. PENCE, farmer; P. O. St. Paris [Johnson Twp]. His father, Fredrick Pence was born in Virginia, where he was drafted in the war of 1812. He married, in his native State, Amelia Jenkins, and, in 1819, when the Pence emigration came from Virginia they, too, were a part of its company. On reaching Champaign Co. they settled near Millerstown, in Johnson Township. Fredrick erected a grist-mill at the head of Mosquito Lake. This he ran for years. On Feb. 2, 1836, after a stay in the newly settled country of nearly one score years, he passed away. His wife followed about 1862. Nine children were born to them, of whom William F. is the youngest and only one left to put on record the untold history of his father's family. He was born in Johnson Township, Champaign Co., Feb. 11, 1830 ; he has always been a resident of the county; his father dying when he was but a child, and the duty of rearing the family devolved mainly upon the mother. In 1850, William F. married Emiline Pence, born in Clark Co., Ohio, 1833, and died April 15, 1877. Nine of their eleven children are now living. After the above marriage, W. F. settled on his father's farm. A few years thence rented until 1861, when he located on his present farm of 80 acres, in Sec. 28, Johnson Township. This he has mostly cleared up and has under a good state of cultivation and improvement.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 760-61.

Elliott Pence

ELLIOTT PENCE, teacher, Millerstown; son of Barney and Jane (Morris) Pence, was born Jan. 24, 1848, and is one of a family of eight children, five by first wife, Jane, above mentioned, to whom his father was married in 1836, and three by second marriage, to Margaret Johnson in 1852. We mention them in the following order, viz., Benjamin F., John Wesley, Elliott, James H. T. and Nancy Jane by first marriage; and by second wife three girls, of whom :Mary and Jenny are now living. Elliott was married Nov. 24, 1870, to Barbara A. Hanback, by whom he has two boys, Victor Augustus and Homer. The Pence family is a large one, and figures conspicuously in the annals of Champaign Co. We are indebted to the subject of this sketch for a brief record of the family. The paternal grandfather, Jacob Pence, was born in Buckingham Co., Va., and married Eve Prince, of the same county and State. Seven children were born to them, three boys-Peter, William and Barney (the latter being the father of our subject), and four girls-Anna, Polly, Betsy and Susie. With his family he removed in 1819 to Ohio, occupying a month in making the journey, and settled on Owen's Creek in Champaign Co. All the children reached maturity, married and struck out for themselves. In the following order: Anna became the wife of Jesse Jenkins ; Peter married Sarah Dosh; William married Susan Hoak; Betsy became the wife of Jacob Miller; Polly, the wife of Fredrick Dosh; and lastly, Barney married Jane Morris, as previously noted. Barney Pence settled in Concord Township, where he still resides, never moved but once, and has never voted outside of said township.

From: The History of Champaign county, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1881), 761.

William Brink Pence

WILLIAM BRINK PENCE—A former deputy county tax collector and bank teller, William Brink Pence worked in all departments of the bank during his rise to executive positions, and he is now president of the First National Bank of Liberty, Missouri. Mr. Pence is active in the club life of Liberty, is an officer in civic organizations, and is a former president of the Clay County Bankers Association.

He was born in Liberty, Missouri, on February 16, 1907. His parents were Gilbert and Effie (Brink) Pence, his father a native of Liberty, Missouri, born July 17, 1882 and died February 13, 1957; his mother was born in Wyandotte County, Kansas, on November 5, 1881. His paternal grandfather was William B. Pence. William Brink Pence grew to manhood in Liberty and began working- at an early age. He was an errand boy, worked in a grocery store on Saturdays during the school term and during summer vacations, and for some time was active with a paper route. In this work he was, to a certain extent, in business for himself. He "aid for his papers, delivered and collected for them, secured new names and addresses for the subscription list, and accepted the full responsibility for his route. Mr. Pence handled his route so competently that he attracted the attention of business men and county officers, and it was due to his efficiency in this line of work as a very young- man that he was offered a position assisting- the county tax collector. He attended the local public schools from elementary grades through high school and graduated from high school in Liberty, in 1935. Mr. Pence liked clerical work and office procedure, planned a career in business, if possible, and completed his education with attendance at a commercial school, the Central Business College in Kansas City. Missouri. He returned to Liberty well trained in bookkeeping- and the related commercial subjects so necessary in business procedure.

The Clay County Tax Collector's Office was his first full-time employer. Mr. Pence began as an assistant to the tax collector and learned the tax rolls and procedures thoroughly in the first few months he was engaged in the court house. He handled the many inquiries that come to such an office daily, worked on the tax rolls, and later helped with the estimates and evaluation of properties. This gave him an excellent knowledge of the county; of its properties, values, districts, of the division of its properties into home, farm, and commercial usage, and of the many types of commercial and industrial enterprises active in this area. This has been of value in making decisions as a banker. Mr. Pence left Liberty for a prolonged absence but once in his life, and that occasion was for duty in World War II. After his return from overseas duty, he entered the First National Bank which was established in Liberty in 1887.

This was on November 1, 1946. Mr. Pence worked in the teller's cage for some time, later worked in the auditing department and for the cashier, learning banking procedures, and becoming familiar with the working of these different departments which fuse to make one overall procedure, by taking training from the American Institute of Banking, and as a graduate of the University of Washington, Graduate School of Banking, and through training. He has worked his way up in the bank by filling the various executive positions, by learning the duties of each individual and of each department as he came up the executive ladder of promotion. Mr. Pence is now president of the First National Bank of Liberty, being elected in February, 1959. As such he takes his place with those leaders in the civic and commercial life of the city and county, those men who guide the commercial activity and guard the economic security of the area. The bank has grown since 1959, having added a motor bank and extended all its other services. Many of the problems of home-owners, small business men, farmers and workers are known to the president of a bank, and his knowledge of the county and its citizens is large and accurate. Mr. Pence holds a position of authority and high responsibility in the city and county, and he has handled it with skill and a genuine sincerity.

Other interests include serving as a member of the board of directors of the Clay County Building and Loan Association. Active in the Missouri Bankers Association, he has served on some of its important state committees. He is a former president of the Lions Club in Liberty, and is a member of Robert H. Baker Post of the American Legion in this city. He has also served as a director of the Young Democrats Club in the County, and as a member of the board of directors of the Liberty Chamber of Commerce. Mr. Pence is a past president of the Clay County Bankers Association. He attends the Christian Church in Liberty.

Military service began for Mr. Pence several months after the attack on Pearl Harbor brought this nation into the combat. He was inducted into the United States Army in 1942, and took basic training at Camp Crowder, Missouri. Specialized and group training followed this after he was assigned to the Signal Corps. His unit was shipped to Africa and Europe, taking part in campaigns in Africa, Sicily, France, and Germany. He received several commendations and citations, and was given an honorable discharge at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, Missouri, while holding the rank of technician fourth class.

In a ceremony held at Independence, Missouri, on February 14, 1942, Maxine Moser became the wife of William Brink Pence. She is the daughter of Clay and Ora (Houston) Moser. Two children were born of this union: 1. Patricia Ann was born in Liberty on August 4, 1947. 2. William Keith, also a native of Liberty, was born March 30, 1952.

Source: The History of Missouri, Family and Personal History, Vol III (New York and West Palm Beach: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1967), 216-217.

Levi E. Hummell

LEVI E. HUMMELL, of Sims township, Grant county, Indiana, is one of the most respected and well liked men in the county. Quiet and absorbed in the work of his farm, he yet has many friends, who have been attracted to him by his strong character, and the honesty and uprightness of his nature. Mr. Hummell has been a hard worker all of his life and his success is no more than he deserves. He is now the owner of one of the best farms in Sims township, and has his land in a fine state of cultivation.

Isaac Hummell, the father of Levi E. Hummell, was born in Pennsylvania, and married Barbara Ann Bowers, who was a native of Ohio. To them Levi E. Hummell was born on the 8th of February, 1858, in Allen county, Ohio, near Delphos. Just six months later, on the 8th of August, 1858, Mrs. Hummell died, and for two years her little mother-less son was cared for by relatives. Then his father married again and he went to live with his father and step-mother. He attended the common schools in Allen county, Ohio, and later Van Wert county, Ohio, and then in 1867 he accompanied his father to Indiana. Here they located in Richland township, in Grant county, and the boy went to school in Richland and Sims townships until he was twenty years of age. He then attended the county normal school for a year and the end of the year found him ready to go to work. He began life on a farm, working by the day, month or year. His sole possession at this time was a horse and buggy. He continued in this way, gradually laying aside money with which he eventually purchased land. Shortly after his marriage in 1886 he bought eighteen acres of land but he was in debt for some of it. He now owns eighty-three acres of well improved and valuable land, and is a general farmer and stock raiser. His farm is located on section 26, in Sims township, a mile east and a quarter of a mile south of Swayzee.

Mr. Hummell and his family are members of the Primitive Baptist church and he is one of the deacons of the church. In politics he is a member of the Democratic party, and he has served as constable of the township. He is a stock holder in the Swayzee Co-operative Telephone Company and was one of the charter members of that concern.

Mr. Hummell was married on the 1st of December, 1886, to Miss Anna U. Pence, a daughter of Lewis C. Pence and Mary J. (Mauler) Pence. Mrs. Hummell was born and reared in Sims township, where she also attended school. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hummell. Basil W., who was born on the 20th of May, 1890, having been graduated from the Swayzee high school, had one term in the Marion Normal College and is now a teacher in the public schools. He married Miss Laura B. De Vore and lives on a farm in Washington township, but is still teaching. Dea May, who was born on February 7, 1895, is a graduate of the Swayzee high school and is living at home.

From: Benjamin G. Shinn [editor], Blackford and Grant Counties Indiana, a Chronicle of Their People past and Present With Family Lineage and Personal Memoirs (Chicago and New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1914), Vol. II.

William L. Pence

One of the practicing doctors in the late 1800's and early 1900's was Dr. W. L. Pence. He was listed in the 1895-1896 directory.

W. L. Pence was born in Logan, Kentucky, on March 27, 1832. At age 16, he traveled through Ohio, Indiana and Tennessee, remaining for a short while in each state.Pence read and studied medicine in Greensburg, Decatur County, Indiana. In June 1855, he graduated from the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, and came to Polk County in 1857. Dr. Pence continued with his medical practice through the years, but in 1865 divided his time between medicine and farming. At one time he owned the farm west of Runnells, where the block house sits up on the hill. This is close to the Wicker Cemetery on Vandalia Road. He was a supervisor and assessor of the township, also a trustee.

Married to Miss Abigail E. Powers of Indiana, February 1863, Dr. Pence lost his wife in February 1867. They had one son, James M. Pence. Married a second time. His bride was Miss Julia A. Norris of Jasper County [Iowa]. John and William R. were their children.

From: Runnells Centennial History, 1881-1981, 99 [Runnells is in southeast Polk County, Iowa.]

Raymond Woodbury Pence

DePauw's most revered teacher of writing, Raymond Woodbury Pence, came to the university in 1916 as professor of English composition, only the second person to hold that title at the institution. An Ohio native with both bachelor's and master's degrees from Ohio State University, he had taught at state normal schools in Washington and Oregon and at Denison University. At DePauw he headed the department of English composition and rhetoric until 1931, when a merger with the department of English literature created the English department, which he led until his retirement in 1952. The tireless Pence continued to teach freshman English and a seminar in the department for the next 15 years.

From the beginning of his career at DePauw, Pence emphasized the acquisition of superior writing skills and encouraged his students' literary aspirations. In 1919 he founded the DePauw Magazine as a vehicle for student literary expression and served as its managing editor until its demise in 1937. A demanding teacher, he was a perfectionist who reviewed the work of undergraduates rigorously and asked for repeated revisions of their manuscripts. "This is too good not to be better" was a comment he often wrote on student papers. Anthropologist Margaret Mead has claimed in her autobiography that she never found elsewhere instruction in English composition equal to that of Pence, under whom she had studied during a year's residence at DePauw. Other of his students who became successful authors and editors have been lavish in their praise of his teaching as an indispensable aid to their writing careers.

The energetic Pence, who held office hours at 7 a.m., found time from his teaching and departmental administrative duties to publish a dozen or more textbooks. Among them were several anthologies of short stories, essays, and plays, as well as editions of Shakespeare's Hamlet and Midsummer Night's Dream. In addition he was the author of College Composition, (1929), Style Book in English (1944), and The Craft of Writing (1944), and the co-author of A Grammar of Present-Day English (1947) and Writing Craftsmanship (1956).

As the veteran English professor, who was both feared and loved by students, neared retirement age, the Boulder, successor to the DePauw Magazine, carried on its front cover a picture of him with a caption asking the question, "Will the Bulldog Go?" "Pop" Pence, or the "Bulldog," as he was variously known for his fierce paternal regard and tenacious spirit, reluctantly accepted emeritus status in 1952 with a promise by President Russell J. Humbert that he could continue teaching at the university for as long as he wished. Hundreds of former students, many of them "Pence majors," contributed to a fund to furnish a seminar room in the English department in his honor. Dedicated on Old Gold Day in 1959, the Raymond Woodbury Pence Seminar Room on the third floor of Asbury Hall, with its oak paneling, a large photomural of Stratford-on-Avon, and elegant furniture in Old English style, provided a gracious setting for English classes at DePauw. Pence finally left teaching altogether in 1967. He died 10 years later at the home of his daughter in Wilmington, Delaware. His wife, Robin Purdy Pence, preceded him in death in 1970.

From Chapter 3, Depauw University, A Pictorial History, on line at

Charles W. Pence

Private Charles W. Pence
Spanish American War
Company F, 3rd Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Jun 27, 1877 - Dec 29, 1929
Buried in Prairie Haven Cemetery, Hobbs, New Mexico

Charles W. Pence was born Jun 27th, 1877 at Hillsboro Ohio. He joined for duty and enrolled on Apr 25th, 1898. At the time he was mustered into the army at Columbus, Ohio, on May 10th, 1898 for a period of two years, he was 19 years old, six feet one inch tall, with a florid complexion, brown eyes and dark hair and listed his occupation as salesman. He was enrolled as a private and was appointed artificer (military mechanic). The distance he traveled from his residence to the rendezvous was 96 miles. He was single at the time and listed his father, J. W. Pence at Hillsboro as his parent or guardian. At the time of his death on Dec 29th, 1929, he and his wife Anna E. Mclean Pence resided in Hobbs New Mexico. Anna was born Sep 3rd, 1887 in Canada Before her retirement Anna was a nurse for Doctors Allen P. Terrell, Coy S. Stone and Henry Hodde. She also worked as a private duty nurse in hospitals and in homes. Anna died in Seminole Texas on Jan 2nd, 1981 at the age of 93. There were no children listed a survivors in her obituary. Survivors listed were: five nieces, Mrs Evelyn Thompson of Hobbs; Mrs Marjorie Thompson of Austin Texas; Mrs Mary Kelly of Jemez Springs NM; Mrs Gladys Klimicek and Mrs Lorna Briggs of Dallas TX. She was also survived by three nephews: Elmer Barker of Guymon Oklahoma; Russell McKinney of Alberta Canada and Everett McKinney of Manitoba Canada.

Sources: National Archives Military Record, Hobbs News Sun Obituary.

John M. Bentz

John M. Bentz, dentist, Carlisle, is a native of Cumberland County, born at Carlisle, September 24, 1854. He was graduated from the high school of that place at the age of seventeen, and soon thereafter began the study of dentistry at Carlisle. He subsequently entered the Pennsylvania Dental College, of Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1874, before he was twenty-one years old. After his graduation he located in Altoona, Penn., and there remained one year, when he removed to Carlisle, where he has been quite successful in his business, increasing, from time to time, until he now has a large practice. November 11, 1884, he was married to Miss Lulie NORBECK, of Lancaser, Penn., a native of Gettysburg, Adams County. Dr. BENTZ was elected a member of the council of Carlisle in 1883, and re-elected in 1886. He is a member of the I.O.O.F. and Carlisle Lodge, No. 91, I.O.H. The parents of our subject were William and Jane (Mell) Bentz, both natives of Carlisle; the former a dry goods merchant. To Mr. and Mrs. William Bentz were born the following children: Abner W., a printer by trade; Joseph G., a telegraph operator; Samuel, a hadrware merchant; William, a farmer; John M.; George C., a druggist, of Leadville, Col., and steward of St. Luke's Hospital; Elizabeth, wife of R. L. Broomall, late counterfeit detector of the United States mint; and Mary M., who resides with her mother. The father (William Bentz) died in 1875, aged fifty-five years. He was a member of the I.O.O.F., Carlisle Lodge No. 91. Weirich Bentz, the grandfather of our subject, was born at Ephratah, Lancaster Co. Penn., in 1788. He was a son of Jacob Bentz, a native of the same county, and he, too, a son of Jacob, who emigrated from Germany, and settled near Ephratah. Weirich Bentz learned the wasgon-makers trade in York County, and when a young man removed to Lebanon, Penn., where he married Elizabeth Zollinger, a native of Harrisburg, a daughter of Jacob Zollinger.

From: History of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania (Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1886; Reprint, Knightstown, Indiana: The Bookmark, 1981), Borough of Carlisle, 368.

Carrollton Newspaper: The Republican Volume XLVI 1914 (month and date unknown)

William Thomas and Napoleon Bonaparte Pence

William T. and Napoleon B. Pence, farmers, Sec. 23; P.O. Baldwin; sons of Allen W. and Christine Pence; they own, in company, 320 acres of land, valued at $40 per acre; William T. was born March 3, 1845, in this county, on the farm upon which he still lives. Married Mary Campbell, of this county, April 11, 1878; she was born in this state in March, 1856; have one son- Roy. Napoleon B. was born July 6, 1849 on same farm, and married Elizabeth Watson Feb. 1, 1871; she was born July 17, 1852, in Mercer Co. Penn; have two children- Hattie and Frank; their mother died Aug. 6, 1871; their parents were among the first settlers of the township; Republican.

From: The History of Jackson County, Iowa: containing a history of the county, its cities, town, &c., biographical sketches of citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion (Chicago: Western Historical Co., 1879), 654.

Addition Notes: Page 431: "We find that the first settlers in the township [Monmouth] were three brothers, [Allen] Wallace, Solomon, and Gabriel Pence. They arrived here May 15, 1836." Page 449: "A.W. [Allen Wallace] Pence was a member of the county board of Commissioners in 1840."

Dr. Edward H. Pentz

DR. EDWARD H. PENTZ was born January 24, 1826, and is the son of John and Salania Pentz, natives of York County. The subject of this sketch had the advantage of an education, and began a course of studies preparatory to his profession under the instructions of Dr. Theodore Haller. He subsequently went to New York and graduated at the Medical University of New York, about the year 1848. He then returned to York and began the practice of his profession, and through his skill and devotion to the duties relative to his profession soon built up a good practice in the borough of York and the surrounding country. He devoted his time and energy to his profession until a few months before his death. He died November 30, 1873. Dr. Pentz married, April 14, 1853, Miss Josephine, daughter of Charles and Anna M. (Spangler) Weiser, of York. To this union was born one son, Bransby C., who is a photographer, and at present writing is doing an extensive business in York, having one of the finest appointed studios in southern Pennsylvania, and is noted for his superior work.

From: John Gibson [historical editor], The History of York County, Pennsylvania (Chicago: F. A. Battey Publishing Co., 1886), Part II, Biographical Sketches, York Borough, 39.

Carl Schneidewent

CARL SCHNEIDEWENT is township supervisor of Wyoming Township, is serving his first term in that position, and by his public spirit as well as by the energy with which he has conducted his private affairs as a farmer he is thoroughly deserving of the confidence of his fellow citizens.

Mr. Schneidewent was born in Bloomfield, Wisconsin, September 16, 1882. His parents were John and Louise (Boehm) Schneidewent, both natives ofGermany where they were married. His father was a mason by trade, and while living in the old country he served the regular term in the German army. He emigrated to America in 1881, locating at Bloomfield, Wisconsin. He spent about six months there working at his trade and then coming to Manawa bought forty acres in Little Wolf Township. A few acres had been cleared, but there were no buildings, and the first home of the Schneidewent family was a log house constructed by John Schneidewent's personal labor. After a few months, however, he removed from that place to Union Township and bought a tract of 120 acres of wild land. In that community he has kept his home ever since, and the land which years ago was practically unproductive is now thoroughly improved and makes a splendid farm home. He is now owner of 280 acres and is still actively engaged in farming. He and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church. They had ten children: Agnes, Gust, Carl, Minnie, Lena, Clara, Paul, Louis, John and Richard.

Carl Schneidewent has thus spent practically all his life within the limits of Waupaca County. His early advantages were supplied by the rural schools of Union Township. He developed his muscle by work on the home farm and for several years he worked out at daily or monthly wages.

On November 21, 1907, Mr. Schneidewent married Artie PENCE, daughter of George and Nancy (Sims) PENCE. Her father is now living in Oklahoma on a farm. Her mother was twice married, and her first husband was N. Watts, and by that union she had six children: Frank, Marvin, Augustus, Edward, Martin and Robert. By her marriage to George Pence there were nine children: Artie, Gertrude, Myrtle, Susie, Nellie, Derothula, Floyd, Emel and Minnie.

At the time of his marriage Mr. Schneidewent bought forty acres of wild timber land in section 28 in Wyoming Township. He had the ambition to make a farm, had the resolution and courage necessary for the undertaking, and with the help of his thrifty wife he has more than made good in the past ten years. Much of the timber land has been cleared up and put in fields and under cultivation, and at the present writing he is constructing a fine modern home. Many other improvements have been made as a result of his ownership and work. Mr. and Mrs. Schneidewent enjoy the companionship of a happy family of five children: Earl Ruth, Fern, Bert and Juna.

From Standard History of Waupaca County, Wisconsin, by John M. Ware, 1917.

Joseph Myers

JOSEPH MYERS, one of the prosperous and enterprising agriculturists of Wells County, engaged in farming in Chester Township, was born in Clarke County, Ohio, the date of his birth being July 13, 1823. His parents, Abraham and Susannah (Pence) Myers, were natives of Maryland and Pennsylvania respectively, the father being of English origin and the mother of Dutch ancestry. They were married in Ohio, and made that State their home for many years, the mother dying in Ohio, February 5, 1859, when our subject was a young man. Soon after the mother's death the father came to Indiana and located in Wells County until his death, January 1, 1864. Joseph Myers grew to manhood in his native State, living in Clarke, Logan and other counties. He worked as a farm laborer in Ohio until the fall of 1853, when he came to Wells County, Indiana, and located on 160 acres of his present farm in Chester Township. He had visited the county several years previous when he purchased this land, making at that time but a small payment on his purchase, when he returned to Ohio, and every year he came to Wells County to make a payment until his land was entirely paid for. His land was covered with a heavy growth of timber, and was entirely unimproved, he having to clear a space for his buildings, and with the timber he cut down he erected his hewed-log house. In February, 1854, he was married to Miss Mary Jones, a native of Randolph County, Indiana, and a daughter of Michael and Nancy Jones, who were early settlers of Wells County. They subsequently removed to Huntington County in the fall of 1866, where the father died, January 29, 1877, and the mother December 31, 1878. Mr. Myers brought his wife to his pioneer home in the woods of Chester Township, and here they passed through many trials and hardships incident to life in a newly settled country. Mr. Myers afterward bought eighty acres of land, part of which had been cleared. He now has 320 acres of land, 205 acres being cleared, all of his property being acquired by his own exertions, the result of persevering industry and good management. He owned beside his present property eighty acres which he sold. Mr. and Mrs. Myers are now surrounded with all the necessary comforts of life, and have gained the respect and esteem of the whole community, and reared a family to honorable and respectable status in life. Their children are-James B., a resident of Kingman County, Kansas; George R., of Ness County, Kansas; Nancy Elizabeth, wife of R. Y. Lambert, of Kingman County, Kansas; William A., Maggie and Daniel. In politics Mr. Myers is a Republican. He is a member of the United Brethren church.

From: Biographical and Historical Record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1887), 777-778.

Elias P. Morrical

ELIAS P. MORRICAL, farmer, Nottingham Township, was born in Darke County, Ohio, September 8, 1842, son of Clark and Sarah (Pence) Morrical, the former a native of Virginia, and the latter of Ohio. The father removed with his parents from Virginia to Darke County, where he was married. When Elias was about two years old his parents removed to Indiana, living there eleven years, then went to Kankakee County, Illinois, where they passed the remainder of their days. The father died April 28, 1857, in Marshall County, Indiana, whither he had gone on business. The mother survived him until December 28, 1867. Elias was thirteen years of age when his parents removed to Kankakee County. He lived there until be came to Wells County. In 1865 he went to Michigan, where he was engaged in the pump business, and the following year came to Wells County, where he was married October 30, 1870, to Sarah O. Adams, who died September 14, 1876, leaving four children. All except Dora are deceased-Olive, and two infants unnamed. The year after his marriage Mr. Morrical returned to Kankakee, where he resided two years, then removed to this county. It was here that his wife died, and in 1877 he went to Randolph County, where he was married October 17, 1877, to Mary Jane Clevinger, who died May 28, 1879, leaving one child-Rosa May. In 1879 he returned to Wells County and located in his present home. Mr. Morrical is independent in polities, but is a strong temperance man. He owns about seventynine acres of laud, sixty-nine acres being cleared. He was married to his present wife January 17, 1882. She was formerly Alice M. Tinsley, a resident of Randolph County, and a daughter of Malachi and Margaret E. Tinsley; the father is deceased and the mother is a resident of Nottingham.

From: Biographical and historical record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1887), 828-829.

James B. Orr

J[anes]. B. Orr, farmer, sec 26; was born in Harrison county, O., Sept. 26, 1833, and is a son of William Orr, of Derry tp., this county. He was brought to Pike county in 1839 by his parents; served 3 years in the late war, in Co. D, 99th Ill. Inf., and participated in the battles of Grand Gulf, Magnolia Hill (or Port Gibson), Champion Hills, Black River, siege and capture of Vicksburg, ect. He was united in marriage Aug. 31, 1854, to Lydia A. PENCE, by whom he has had 5 children, namely: Mary A., Herbert S., Jerry J., deceased, Theresa B., Francis M.

From: The History of Pike County, Illinois (Chas. C. Chapman & Co.), 869.

Samuel Kyger

Samuel Kyger, a well known farmer and stock raiser of Union township, Clinton County, Ind., was born in Rockingham county, Va., April 21, 1824, and is a son of George and Sarah (PENCE) Kyger. They, too, were natives of Virginia, and were of German descent. The father was born in 1799, and was a farmer by occupation. Emigrating westward in 1836, he located in Delaware county, Ind., where he purchased 160 acres of land, but was not long permitted to enjoy his new home, his death occuring in 1837. His wife, who was born in 1801, died in 1871. In 1839 she was married to Charles PENCE, who died in 1870. By her first marriage she had three children-Margaret, wife of James Catterlin; Samuel; and Catherine, wife of Cyrus P. PENCE. By the second union was born one child Charles PENCE. The Kyger family was founded in America by Christian Kyger, the great-grandfather of our subject, who emigrated from Germany, his native land, and settled in Rockingham county, Va. His son, Frederick, was born in Virginia and learned the carpenters trade, which he followed throughout his entire life. He reared a family of ten children and died in 1827. The paternal grandfather, George PENCE, was also born in the Old Dominion, and there departed this life in 1827.

Samuel Kyger was only thirteen years of age at the time of his father's death. He remained with his mother until the age of sixteen, when he began learning the tanner's trade, at which he served a five years' apprenticeship with Charles M. Petty. He then worked as a journeyman for three years, after which he went to Kilmore and established a tannery, which he carried on for three years. In 1857 he purchased a farm of 211 acres and thereon established a tannery, which he operated for twelve years. He has since given his time and attention to farming and stock raising. He imported the first Norman horse ever brought to the county, and in connection with the breeding of fine horses has been extensively engaged in the raising of Chester White hogs, of which he has made a specialty for thirty-seven years.

On the twenty-sixth of November 1847, Mr. Kyger wedded Nancy J., daughter of John and Judith (Aughe) PENCE. Her death occured January 30, 1848, and on the eighth of April, 1851, he was again married, his second union being with Elizabeth A. PENCE, a cousin of his first wife and a daughter of William and Sarah (Fudge) PENCE.M Her parents were both natives of Virginia, and came of old German families. On leaving his native state the father went to Ohio, and thence came to Clinton county, where he was one of the early settlers. To Mr. and Mrs. Kyger have been born four children, three yet living - George W., born January 16, 1852, married Alice Henderson and they became the parents of four children; Anna B., Ida M., Charlie and one who died in infancy. Charles A., born January 10, 1854, died February 14, 1893; Mary I., born November 20, 1857, is the wife of John M. Moyer, and they have one son, Samuel E.; Laura C., born August 5, 1860, is the wife of Jacob Hill, and they have five children: Vessie S., deceased; Eunice C., Medora A., Bertha A. and Floyd K. In politics, Mr. Kyger is a democrat, and in 1876 was elected county commissioner, serving two terms. He was filling that office at the time the present court house was built. Since the age of seventeen years he has been a faithful and consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and his wife is also a member. They are highly respected throughout the community and their friends are many. Mr. Kyger is man of excellent business ability and his perseverance and industry have brought success.

A Portrait And Biographical Record of Boone and Clinton Counties, Ind., Containing Biographical Sketches of Many Prominent and Representative Citizens, Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States, and Biographies of the Governors of Indiana (Chicago: A W. Bowen & Co., 1895), 757-758.

William LaForge

William LaForge was born on July 25, 1811 in Franklin County, Indiana. He was the seventh child of John Lefforge and Mary Smith. Mary was named as an heir in the will of Barefoot Smith in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Barefoot stated his relationship to each of his heirs except Mary, so we don't know just how she was related. John changed the spelling of his last name from LaForge to Lefforge after he moved his family to Indiana from New Jersey. William used the original spelling of LaForge, for the most part, his entire adult life.

William married Eliza Brewer Wythe, daughter of Joshua Wythe Jr. and Hannah Pond, in Brookville, Franklin County, Indiana on September 30, 1830. They had two children: Alexander who married Emily Jennings and Emily who married Edward Jones. Eliza died on September 14, 1834. As of this date her tombstone has not been found.

William and Eliza sold property in Franklin County in 1833. It is thought that they moved to Vigo County, Indiana between 1833 and 1835 as that is where William was issued a land patent on October 1, 1835. It must be noted that many times those receiving land patents never lived on the land. After the death of Eliza, in either Vigo County or Franklin County, William married Jane Tinbrook on February 3, 1839 in Franklin County. Of Jane's family nothing is known. They had three children: Jacob, Jane and Mary. Jane and Mary were twins. Jane married William Thorp and Mary married Alexander Chaney.

By the time the 1840 census was taken William had moved the family to Macon County, Illinois. He stayed only a short time for by 1841 he had moved on to Piatt County (Illinois). Jane and Mary were born after the move to Piatt County. Jane Tinbrook LaForge died, in Piatt County, between 1844 and 1846. As of this time her grave has not been found. When Jane died William was a widower for the second time and was left with five children.

On October 13, 1846, in Piatt County, he married Eliza Morrow, daughter of James Morrow and Phebe Beedle. Eliza was fifteen or sixteen years younger than William. They had three daughters: Ann, Sarah M. and Serilda Adaline. By the time the 1850 census was taken Eliza had given him two daughters: Ann and Sarah. In October of 1852 William, along with other Piatt County families, left Monticello, Illinois on a wagon train heading for Burnet County, Texas. Two members of the wagon train were the Matsler brothers, George and David, with their families. David Matsler's first wife was Sarah Jane Morrow the sister of Eliza Morrow LaForge.

William was in Burnet County, Texas by December 1852 as Eliza sent a message to her Aunt Eliza Beedle Collins, who was still in Piatt. In a letter written by Rebecca Matsler, wife of George Matsler, Eliza said that all of her children were ill and so was she. Eliza asked that her Aunt Eliza Collins write to her. It is my belief that Ann, Sarah and Jacob died in Burnet County. No trace of the three has been found after the 1850 census.

William bought his first parcel of land in Burnet County on February 23, 1853 from Benjamin and Sarah Stewart. This is the first official record of William in Texas. In April 1854 William and Eliza's daughter Serilda was born. She was the only one of William's children born in Texas. Serilda married Evan Philander Hall. William was a charter member of Valley Lodge No. 175 - A.F. & A. M. William was present when the lodge was granted their charter and set to labor in 1855. He hld the office of Senior Warden.

March of 1856 Eliza may have been ill. She wrote her will on March 4, 1856. Her will was presented for probate on February 23, 1857. In her will she stated that her father was James Morrow of Montgomery County, Indiana. Her tombstone has not been found in any of the Burnet County cemeteries. After the death of Eliza, William and James Rountree donated land for the first school in Oatmeal. They deeded the land on December 25, 1857. The deed was recorded at the courthouse on March 31, 1858.

William stayed in Burnet County until after his daughter, Jane, married in 1859. He sold all of his land on March 6, 1860 and left Texas and went back to Indiana, taking Mary and little Serilda with him. He settled in Grant County. William has not been found on the 1860 census but was probably nearby and just missed as Mary and Serilda were living with their sister, Emily, and her family on the 1860 Grant County census. The first official record of William's return to Indiana is from the Indiana Masonic records.

He joined the Xenia Masonic Lodge, in Miami County, on July 31, 1860. On November 20, 1860 he married his fourth wife, Mary Pence Long. Mary was the daughter of Martin Pence and Elizabeth Corder. Mary was the widow of Adolphus R. Long when she married William. William and Mary had two daughters: Melissa and Alice R.Melissa married Elijah Williams. Alice was married twice. Her first husband was Ebenezer Williams, the second was Joseph N. Dilkes. Mary died on June 22, 1899 and is buried next to her first husband in the Converse Cemetery near Richland Twp, Indiana.

William died on March 10, 1903 in Grant County, Indiana. He was a resident of the Grant County Infirmary for the last ten years of his life. As of this date a tombstone has not been found.

I have the honor of being one of the great great granddaughters of this of man who was a devoted father and loving husband.

By Charlotte Lucas

Darius Runkle

DARIUS RUNKLE was born in Champagne county, Ohio, February 10, 1813. He was the son of William and Mary (PENCE) Runkle. William was born in Virginia and went to Ohio in an early day, following his trade of tanner until about 1850, when he came to Illinois, rented a farm in Morgan county and lived there until the close of the war. He then came to near where his son now lives, and died, aged eighty-four. His wife, also born in Virginia, died at the same place, aged eighty-six. The Runkles came from Germany, and the grandparents of Darius lost their parents on the trip over to this country. [Added Note: The tradition, as told by Darius's mother, Mary PENCE, is that it was Mary Blimly, wife of Henry Pence and Mary's mother, who lost her parents during the trip to America.]

Darius is one of ten children, four of whom are yet living. He remained at home until twenty-one years of age, working at the tanning business and farming. He had very limited schooling and is entirely a self-made man. After he was twenty-one years old he worked for $10 a month for two years and then clerked for a brother-in-law in a general store in Sidney, Ohio, for two years more. He then started for Illinois, coming to Beardstown, and then walked over to Doddsville, wading two miles in water. This was in the spring of 1837, and he came to take charge of Samuel Dodd's general store. He continued in that for a year and one-half, and during that time entered eighty, acres which later he sold and then bought 160 acres of wild land where he now lives. He also bought another eighty acres in the timber. In the fall of 1838, he returned to Ohio and remained with his father working in the tan yard for two years, and then came back here and commenced improving his farm. He broke forty acres, built a story-and-a-half house, and on October 12, 1840, he married Ann Maria Walker, who was born in Adams County, Pennsylvania. She was the daughter of Andrew Walker of Adams County, Pennsylvania, who came here in 1840, and settled on Mr. Dodd's farm. Mrs. Runkle was one of nine children. The sons are: James J., William, Charles W., Joseph C. and Stephen A.; and the daughters: Mary A., Laura, Liny and Clara J. Mary A. had two sons and four daughters: Clara J. two daughters and two sons; both the mothers are deceased.

After marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Runkle moved into the log house he had built, and remained there until 1866, and then moved into his present fine home, which is one of the best in McDonough, having cost $10,000 and being first-class in every particular. Mr. Runkle has built four or five different times where his sons live, and has bought three farms with houses upon them. He commenced with $90, and had to borrow $10 to enter his first eighty acres. He now has 3,000 acres of land, 970 in Schuyler county and 1,940 in McDonough county, and he has given each son a fine farm. He makes a specialty of fine stock, and has been engaged in various kinds of business during his life. In 1841 he bought a stock of goods, and was a merchant for two or three years, and was Postmaster in 1843-'44; he also kept a stage. He was Supervisor of School Boards for years, and he with two others built the first schoolhouse in this district, and it also served as a church. He also loaned money to built a pioneer mill and tried to get a railroad through this section. He has helped many a deserving and worthy object. His wife has been a church member ever since their marriage, being one of the first to take an active interest in church and Sunday-school work in the place. She was very active in everything tending toward the building of churches and schools, and was a most worthy companion to as public-spirited a man as Mr. Runkle. Her death occurred in 1889. Mr. Runkle can county his friends by the number of his acquaintances and his enemies are not known. He treats every one well, and the deserving are never turned away without help and words of cheer. Politically he has always affiliated with the Whig and Republican parties. He voted first for Henry Clay, and at the birth of the Republican party voted for Fillmore. He is very well satisfied with Republican principles.

From: Biographical Review of Cass, Schuyler & Brown Counties, Illinois (Wooster, Ohio: Bell & Howell, 1892), 452.

Jacob Pentz

JACOB PENTZ was born in Franklin County, Penn., September 28, 1821, the son of John and Elizabeth Pentz, natives of the same county, where they were married and where John Pentz followed his trade, as brick and stone mason, till 1823, when he moved to Bedford County, and thence, in 1833, to Columbiana County, Ohio, working at his trade three years, and then buying a farm there, on which he still lives. His wife died there September 11, 1877, and was, as he is a member of the Lutheran Church. Jacob Pentz, our subject, was educated in the common schools, and at twenty years of age commenced learning his trade as a mason, and he has followed that business for about twenty years. He was married, March 3, 1860, to Elizabeth L. Crisinger, born in Columbiana County, March 29, 1830, the daughter of John and Salome (Seindersmith) Crisinger. In 1866, he came to this township and bought 160 acres of land, which are now among the best improved in the township. There were three children born to his marriage, the eldest of whom, John C., alone is living. George L. died September 3, 1872, in his ninth year, and Allen P. died September 24, in his sixth year. Mrs. Pentz is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and in politics Mr. Pentz is a Democrat.

From: Weston A. Goodspeed and Charles Blanchard, Counties of Whitley and Noble, Indiana. Historical and Biographical (F.A. Battey & Co., 1882), Union Township.

John Wesley Wheeler

He is descended from Scotch-Irish ancestors who located in Pennsylvania. Mr. Wheeler himself was born at Findlay, Hancock County, Ohio, April 11, 1839. His father, Jesse Wheeler, was born in Pennsylvania in 1788, about the time that the American colonies were confederated under the United States Constitution. He was reared and married in his native state, and moved from Little York, Pennsylvania, to Seneca County, Ohio, where he was a very early settler. He afterwards moved to Hancock County, Ohio. His early years, from eighteen to twenty-one, were spent according to the fashion of the times, as a "bound boy" in apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade. That trade gave him an occupation for all his subsequent years, and he followed it until too old to work any longer. He began voting as a democrat, but when the republican party was formed sixty years ago he became aligned with that organization. For many years he was active in the Methodist Episcopal Church. His death occurred in Findlay, Ohio, in 1874. He married Elizabeth Edgar, and three of their children were born in Pennsylvania before they removed to Ohio. She herself was born in Pennsylvania in 1806, and died in Hancock County, Ohio, in 1872. A brief record of the children is as follows: William H., who was a merchant from boyhood up in Findlay, Ohio, but late in life went to Georgia for his health and died in that state; James Jackson, who died in Findlay, Ohio, was a painter by trade, and later became a merchant associated with his brothers, W. H. and O. P. Oliver Perry, who died at Findlay, learned the carpenter trade when young under his father and later became a merchant with his brothers; Adam Clark also learned the carpenter's trade from his father, went out to California in 1850, and died in that state in 1852; Edward Smith, who died in Webster City, Iowa, was a merchant with his brothers back in Ohio and afterwards had a store of his own in Iowa; John Wesley was the sixth in age; Mary Elizabeth married A. M. PENCE, an attorney, who died in Paris, France, while her death occurred at Chicago, Illinois; Samuel M. spent his early years clerking in his brothers' store in Ohio, and in 1871 moved to Colorado, where he was engaged in mining until his death at Leadville in 1912; Jesse B. was a consumptive and spent some years as a sheep herder at Leadville, Colorado, where he died.

Gaining his early education in the public schools of Findlay, Ohio, John Wesley Wheeler had his first practical experience as an employe in the store conducted by his brothers. He worked in the store from the age of fourteen to the outbreak of the war. Mr. Wheeler is one of the honored veterans of the great Civil war. He enlisted at the first call for troops on April 27, 1861, and went out with the Twenty-first Ohio Infantry, a three months regiment. When this term expired he re-enlisted October 9, 1861, and became a member of the Fifty-seventh Ohio Infantry. At the second enlistment he was made a first lieutenant, and afterwards was promoted to captain of Company B of his regiment. He was in service until April 14, 1863, for nearly two years. During those two years he took part in the siege of Corinth, in the battle of Pittsburg Landing, or Shileh, was through the siege of Vicksburg, and also at the battle of Missionary Ridge.

Having discharged his duties faithfully and well as a soldier of the republic, he returned to Findlay and continued his employment in the store there until the spring of 1870. At that time he moved to Kansas, spending a few months at Fort Scott, and in October, 1870, took a claim of eighty acres in Chautauqua County, Kansas. That claim, now developed as a fine farm, Mr. Wheeler still owns. After nearly forty years of capable management of his farming interests, Mr. Wheeler retired into Havana in 1909, and now lives in a residence which he owns on Main Street. For his military services he also enjoys a pension from the Government. Politically he is a democrat.

In 1885 at Independence, Kansas, Mr. Wheeler married Miss Anna Rogers, who came from Indiana. Her father, James Rogers, now deceased, was also a veteran of the Civil war. Mrs. Wheeler died in 1892 on the old home farm. Her children were: Mary, wife of A. H. Hartman, an oil worker living at Eldorado, Kansas; Bessie and Etta are still at home with their father; James spent three years on a large [p.1914] wheat ranch in the State of Washington, and is now a farmer near Nampa, Idaho.

From: William Elsey Connelley, A standard history of Kansas and Kansans (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1918), Vol. 4, 1914.

Wilbur F. George

WILBUR F. GEORGE. With the exception of a short time spent in travel, Wilbur F. George has been a resident of Kansas since 1870, and during this time has been commensurately rewarded by the results which inevitably follow in the wake of industry, energy and careful management. Like many of his fellow agriculturists who have won success, he entered upon his career as a poor man, and whatever of success has come to him--and it is not inconsiderable - has been attained solely through the medium of his own strength of purpose and hard labor.

Mr. George, who is now a resident of Menoken Township, where he owns a finely cultivated farm in section 12, township 14, range 11, was born on a farm near Decatur, Illinois, October 8, 1860, one of eleven children born to John W. and Mary Ann (Wilson) George, both natives of Illinois. Little is known of the family of Mrs. George, as she died when her son Wilbur F. was a small child. His father, with two sons Miles W. and Waits M. George, fought as soldiers of the Union during the Civil war, being attached to Illinois volunteer regiments, and John W. George was captured in battle and confined in Andersonville Prison. When he was finally released from that awful stockade and allowed to return to his home, he was a veritable skeleton, weighing but sixty pounds, whereas, when he had entered the service, he was a man of sound if not robust build. In Illinois he had been a farmer, and, with the desire of securing farms for his sons, as well as the pure air and clean surroundings of country life, he decided, in 1870, to come to Kansas. The younger children he took with him on the train as far as Waterville, Kansas, where they were subsequently joined by the older boys, who had seven wagons in charge and had traveled overland. From Waterville the little party pushed on into Jewell County, settling on White Rock Creek, where the father and the five elder sons each secured a tract of 160 acres of bottom land. In the first year they lived in dug-outs, but in the following spring all erected log cabins and broke the land from the prairie. The first crop was fairly good, at least large enough to clear a trifle on, and the father and sons continued to have good luck until 1874, when the grasshoppers came and stripped the land clean of all crops. This, of course, was a severe set-back, but the Georges were made of stern stuff, and did not allow themselves to become discouraged as many others did. John W. George in time became a leading citizen of his community. He was appointed by the United States Government to handle the aid sent to the people of this locality, and won the unquestioned confidence of the people, who later elected him probate judge for four years and representative in the Kansas Legislature for two years. He was defeated for re-election, and then became manager for six mail lines in the West, by horse and stage, of which he had charge at the time of his death, in 1881. He was an honest, God-fearing man, who took a leading and active part in church work, contributing of his time and means to the promotion of worthy enterprises and helping in the building of educational institutions. He was likewise a prohibitionist, although not as a party man, for his political support was given to the men and principles of the republican organization. Fraternally, he was an Odd Fellow, passed through all the chairs of that order, and helped to build the lodge hall at Jewell. He also was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and never lost his interest in the old comrades who had fought by his side as the wearers of the Blue.

Wilbur F. George attended school in the country districts and remained on his father's farm in Jewell County until 1880, in which year he took a trip through Colorado and California. He decided that Kansas was better suited to his liking and accordingly returned to Jewell County, where, at Jewell, he was married March 12, 1883, to Miss Ida C. PENCE, a native of Iowa, and a daughter of Lyman and Mary L. PENCE. Her father was engaged in farming in Iowa until the Civil war came on, when he enlisted as a soldier in the Union army, and met a soldier's death on the field of battle. To Mr. and Mrs. George there were born six children, as follows: Milo, a farmer near Dover, Kansas; Olga, who is now a resident of Chicago; Lois, who is the wife of Herman Whiteman; Lindon, who lives with his parents; Fairy, now Mrs. John Frey, of Menoken Township; and Wilbur F., Jr., at home.

After his marriage, Mr. George purchased forty acres of land near Jewell, where he carried on general farming, and also rented 120 acres. Thus he continued for four years, when he purchased an elevator at Jewell and engaged in grain buying and stock shipping for five years, but, although he made a success of this venture, sold out and moved to Grand Junction, Colorado, where he followed the fruit business for a year. Kansas again called him, and he settled in Riley County, where he rented land while he sent his eldest daughter, Olga, to school at Manhattan and the younger children to the local schools. There Mr. George remained for some four years, when he disposed of his interests and came to Shawnee County, which community has continued to be his home to the present time. He purchased his present property, a tract of 160 acres of highly cultivated land lying in Menoken Township, in 1909, and now carries on general farming and feeds stock. Mr. George is a man of excellent business judgment and foresight, a practical agriculturist, resourceful and energetic. He is modern in his ideas, and the improvements on his farm, most of which have been made by him, are attractive and thoroughly up-to-date, adding at once to the material value and attractiveness of his farm.

Politically, Mr. George is a democrat, on which ticket he has been elected to several offices, including that of township trustee. He has been a prime mover in securing a betterment of conditions in his community. Fraternally, Mr. George belongs to Philip Stucke Lodge, Modern Woodmen of America, at Jewell City, in which he has held all the offices, and in the work of which he has taken an energetic part. He and Mrs. George are members of the Christian Church, and were liberal donators in the building of the church in this locality. Both have been friends of the cause of education. Mr. George attributes a large share of his success to the efforts and co-operation of his worthy wife, who has encouraged him in his every undertaking and who has aided him in the acquiring of his present comfortable home and good standing in the community.

From: William E. Connelley, A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1918).

Joseph Carman Pence

For thirty years Joseph Carman Pence has been a resident of Idaho, and has been extensively interested in one of the leading industries of the state stock-raising.

He was born in Des Moines county, Iowa, on the 28th of May, 1844, and is a representative of an old Pennsylvania- Dutch family that was founded in America in colonial days. Some of its members participated in the Revolutionary war, valiantly aiding in the struggle for independence. William Pence, the father of our subject, was born in the Keystone state, and in early manhood married Miss Mary Thurston, who was a native of the same county in which her husband's birth occurred. During the pioneer epoch in the history of Iowa, they emigrated to Burlington, that state, and there spent their remaining days, the father dying in his fifty-fourth year, while the mother passed away in the fifty-sixth year of her age. They were the parents of six sons and four daughters, of whom six are yet living.

Mr. Pence of this review is the ninth of the children in order of birth. He was reared and educated in his native state, and when eighteen years of age responded to his country's call for aid in crushing out the rebellion in the south. Joining the Union army in 1862, he became a member of Company A, Nineteenth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and participated in the battle of Prairie Grove, the siege and capture of Vicksburg and the capture of Brownsville, Texas. Later his command was sent to Pensacola, Florida, where it spent the winter of 1864-5, and in the spring went to Mobile and was engaged in the siege of Spanish Fort, which was at the close of the war. Mr. Pence received an honorable discharge, having for three years faithfully defended the stars and stripes. Then he returned to Iowa, where he remained until the following spring, when he started westward with a company who crossed the plains with mule and horse teams.

They traveled by way of the Bozeman route, this being the second year that route was ever followed. On arriving in the northwest, Mr. Pence engaged in freighting from Fort Benton to Helena, and in 1869 went to White Pine, Nevada. He engaged in the cattle business in that state and in Idaho, owning as high as six hundred head of cattle at a time. They sold their stock directly from the ranches and were able to command a good price, the enterprise thus proving a profitable one.

In 1881 Mr. Pence came to Boise and began dealing in sheep. For eight years he owned an extensive sheep ranch, having thereon as many as seven thousand head of sheep at one time. His capable management and business ability made this undertaking successful, and largely added to his capital. On the expiration of eight years he purchased a tract of land at Boise, which he planted with prunes, and his orchards have borne plentifully. In all that he has undertaken through a long business career he has met with success, owing to his careful direction, his perseverance and his enterprise, and today a handsome bank account indicates the result of his labors. He was one of the organizers of the Capital State Bank, of Boise, and from the beginning has been one of its stockholders and directors.

On the 22d of August, 1877, Mr. Pence was united in marriage to Miss Susan M. Keene, a native of Dallas, Texas, and to them were born five children, four of whom are living, namely: Ruth, Laura, Myrtle and Homer. The mother departed this life June 5, 1896, and her death was deeply mourned by her many friends. The two older daughters have since cared for the home, and Mr. Pence is justly proud of his family. Their residence is a commodious brick dwelling, which was erected by our subject in 1882.

In politics he has always been Republican, taking due interest in supporting the principles of that party and in promoting the public welfare generally. Socially he is connected with the Knights of Pythias fraternity, and is a valued member of Phil. Sheridan Post, No. 4, G. A. R. In all the relations of life and to all the duties of citizenship he is as true and faithful as when he followed the nation's starry banner upon southern battlefields.

[From: An Illustrated History of the State of Idaho (Chicago and New Yor:The Lewis Publishing Company,1899), 216.]

Curtis Monroe Pence

One of the few remaining early settlers of Warren county is C. M. Pence, of Jordan township, who was born in Bartholomew county, Indiana, September 22, 1828, a son of George and Mary (Swisher) Pence. The father, a native of the Shenandoah valley, in Virginia, was born in 1804 and when a young man he went to Kentucky, there finishing his education and pursuing a medical course though he never put this knowledge into professional use. For several years he went, to New Orleans each year with flat-boats loaded with supplies and provisions.Then, locating in Bartholomew county, this state, he married Miss Swisher, and in November, 1834, they became residents of Warren county. The wife and mother was called to her reward in 1851, and the father, after living a few years longer, departed this life, at his old home in this township [Jordan]. By occupation a farmer and stock- raiser, he was very successful, and as a citizen, no one in the community was more highly esteemed. From time to time he occupied local official positions, and for twenty years he was a justice of the peace. In his early manhood he was a Whig in his political views, a strong abolitionist, and later an ardent Republican. Though he was not identified with any church, he gave his preference to the Methodist denomination; of which his wife was a member, and was very liberal in its support. In all the various relations of life, business, social, etc., he was just and upright, ready to promote the interests of others rather than his own. After the death of his first wife he wedded. Gaynor Romirne, and subsequently he married Catherine Lloyd. By his first union eight children were born, and those who survive are Curtes M.; Barbara, wife of Abner Goodwine; and William Wallace; and the child of the third marriage is George.

When Curtes M. Pence was about six years of age he came to Warren county with his parents, and here he has since dwelt, busily occupied, in the cares of farming. He owns a finely improved and well cultivated homestead of one hundred and sixty acres, on which stands a comfortable house and substantial buildings. By well directed energy and good business methods he has carved out prosperity for himself and has reared his children to be useful citizens, giving them good advantages. He votes for the nominees and the principles of the Republican party, and never neglects his duties as a citizen of this great state and county.

The wife of our subject, to whom he was married in 1853, was formerly Miss Susanna Etnire, a daughter of David Etnire, an early settler of Warren county. Mrs. Pence was summoned to the better land June 1, 1896, leaving five children to mourn the loss of a most loving and faithful mother. Three other_children died when young and those who yet survive are named respectively Allen M., Emily J., Frank E., Clara Belle and Harry S.

From: Biographical History of White, Jasper, Newton, Warren and Pulaski Counties, Indiana, Vol. I (Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1899), 362-3.]

Abner Goodwine

ABNER GOODWINE, was born in Bartholomew COunty, Ind., July 10, 1826, and is the son of James and Sarah Goodwine, natives of Kentucky and Virginia respectively. James Goodwine was born in 1780, and was of English descent. His father, John Goodwine, settled in Kentucky in an early day,and there died. James married in Kentucky Elizabeth Snyder, by whore he had seven children -Elizabeth, Thomas, James, Indiana, Martha, Harrison and John W. He moved to Jackson County, Ind., where his first wife died. He then married Mrs. Sarah Logan, widow of William M. Logan, and daughter of John Shumaker. By this marriage, there was one child-Abner. James subsequently moved to Bartholomew County, and in 1828 came to this county, where he died March 12, 1851. He was a pioneer of Warren County, and an extensive land owner. His wife lived with her children until her death, June 17, 1872. Abner Goodwine was married in this ty, October 30, 1851, to Miss Barbara J. Pence; born in Bartholomew County, October 19, 1830; and a daughter of George and Mary Pence. They have had twelve children - George (deceased), Mary C., Newton C., Bell (deceased), Sarah E., Clara V., Frank S., Olive, Nora, Cora, Leola J. and Harry M. Mr. Goodwine is a land owner and stock dealer. His farm is well improved; and he has a brick house.

[From: Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton, Indiana: Historical and Bioograhical (Chicago: F. A. Battley and Co., 1883), 192-3.]

Jeremiah Williamson

This thrifty and successful farmer of Franklin township, Pulaski county, was born October 28, 1849, on his father's farm in Rock Creek township, Carroll county, Indiana. His ancestors were natives of England, and his great-grandfather, Williamson, was the founder of the family in America. Samuel Williamson, the grandfather, was born in Juniata county, Pennsylvania, and in 1800 married Nancy Hannah, who bore him the following named children: David, Mollie, Samuel, John S., Joseph, Sally, James, George, William, Moses, Henry, Nancy and Joshua. The death of Samuel Williamson occurred in 1849. He had become wealthy for that day, and owned thirteen hundred and sixty acres of land in Carroll county, besides other property in Cass county.

Our subject's father, John Stewart Williamson, was born in the Tuscarora valley, Juniata county, Pennsylvania, October 7, 1805, and with his parents removed to Montgomery county, Ohio, the following year, and to Carroll county, Indiana, in 1829. He entered a quarter-section of land there, paying a dollar and a quarter per acre, and his deeds and papers giving him legal right to the property were signed by President Jackson. He was a Republican in his later years, and was an active member of the Presbyterian church. He departed this life September -, 1880, and was buried in the Odd Fellows cemetery within sight of his own farm, in Carroll county. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary Ann Millard, was born August 1, 1828, in Warren county, Ohio, and is still residing upon the old homestead, where she has dwelt since 1846. Her father, Thomas Millard, a native of Springboro, Ohio, died in 1877, aged seventy-four years. He chose for his wife Mary Pence [the daughter of Henry Pence and Catherine Monger of Rockingham County, Virginia], of German descent, and to them were born Catherine, Frances, Mary Ann, Joseph, Samuel, Mordecai, Henry, Warren, Aaron, Rebecca, Eliza Ann and Elizabeth. The latter died June 20, 1899. Henry died December 3, 1863, in Helena, Arkansas, while a member of Company F, Forty-sixth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry; and Aaron was a member of an Iowa regiment for some time during the civil war. He was a prisoner for some time in rebel prisons. The father of Thomas Millard was a native of France, and there, as here, the family has been of the agricultural class.

John Stewart and Mary Ann (Millard) Williamson were united in wedlock June 8, 1846, and their eldest child, Lewis, born October 31, 1847, died April 24, 1875, unmarried. Jeremiah was the next in order of birth. Thomas, born in January, 1852, died at the age of six years. Mordecai, born February 4, 1854, died in January, 1858. Aaron, born April 20, 1855, died March 4, 1862. Albert, born July 8, 1857, never married and is still living upon the old homestead. Eliza Jane, born August i, 1859, is the wife of Joseph Aaron, a farmer in the vicinity of Galveston, Indiana, and they have two children. Noah, born August 20, 1864, married a Miss Hance.

Jeremiah Williamson remained on the home farm until he was twenty- four years of age, thoroughly mastering the details of agriculture. In 1873 he bought forty acres on section 15, Franklin township, Pulaski county, and forty acres on section 8, same township. In 1883 he erected a comfortable house upon his property on section 15, and has gradually made improvements which add greatly to the value of the homestead. He is a practical farmer and is an excellent business man. He is a Democrat in his political creed, and is now acting in the capacity of justice of the peace, a position he has filled for the past five years with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of all.

On the 28th of April, 1874, Mr. Williamson married Amanda Jane Bousoum, a daughter of Samuel and Samantha (Davison) Bousoum. She was born September 24, 1852, in Rock Creek township, Carroll county, Indiana. Josephine, our subject's eldest child, was born October i, 1875, and after teaching successfully in this county for two terms has taken charge of a nunnery in Tipton county. Pearl, born June 2, 1880, has taught in the Bransky and Conn schools in this township. Andrew Jackson, born September 30, 1882, is at home and is a diligent student in the neighborhood schools.

[From: Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton, Indiana: Historical and Biograhical (Chicago: F. A. Battley and Co., 1883), 658-9.]

Henry Harrison Evans

The history of Gordon township, Warren county, would be very incomplete should the record of the Evans family be omitted, as for more than seventy years they have been actively interested in its development and instrumental in its amazing growth in wealth and importance.

Jesse and Catherine Evans, the paternal grandparents of our subject, were natives of Virginia, whence they removed to Fountain county, Indiana, in 1826, there spending the rest of their days. David D., father of Henry H. Evans, was born in Virginia, in 1810, and, being a youth of sixteen when his parents came to this state, he was of great assistance to them in the establishment of their pioneer home. He married,, in that county, and in 1830 came to Warren county, where he began housekeeping in Washington township. In 1846 he located in Jordan township, where he lived until his death, May 17, 1883. After the death of his first wife, in 1856, he married Catherine Bottorff, who is Ftill living. By his first marriage he had seven children, and by the last union eight children. Five of those born to the first wife are yet living, namely: Mrs. Amanda Pence [wife of William Wallace Pence], John T., Henry H., Mrs. Jane Swishcr and Armstrong A.; and William F. and Mrs. Rebecca Guest are deceased. Of the second wife's children, Mrs. Ella McElhaney alone has passed away, and the others are: Mrs. Mary Flint, Mrs. Lucinda Himmelright, Miss Lydia A. Evans, Mrs. Emma Davis, Mrs. Anna Thompson, Mrs. Rossilla Cochran and Francis M. In his political views, Mr. Evans was a strong Republican, and prior to the war was a thorough disbeliever in slavery. Religiously, he was a Christian, identified with the church of that name.

The subject of this sketch was named Henry Harrison, in honor of William Henry Harrison, who was inaugurated as president of the United States .upon the natal day of Mr. Evans, March 4, 1841. The patriotic principles which were instilled into him from childhood found manifestation, when, upon the I2th of September, 1861, he enlisted in Company K, Thirty-third Indiana Volunteer Infantry, for a term of three years, faithfully serving his country until July 21, 1865,—nearly four years. During this long period he participated in many of the important campaigns of the great civil conflict, including Resaca and the famous march to the sea, under command of Sherman. At the battle of Spring Hill, Tennessee, March 5, 1863, he was captured, and for four weeks was held a captive in Libby prison, then being exchanged. At the close of his long and meritorious service, he had the pleasure of taking part in the grand review at Washington.

Upon returning home after the war, Mr. Evans turned his attention to farming, and now is the owner of one of the best improved homesteads in Jordan township, his residence here dating from the spring of 1870. In all of his labors and plans for advancement he has been ably assisted and seconded by his faithful wife. She is a daughter of Cunningham and Sarah Brown, her maiden name having been Elizabeth J. Brown, and her marriage to Mr. Evans took place February 26, 1868.

Following in his father's footsteps, he is an ardent Republican, though in no wise a politician. Fraternally, he is a member of W. B. Fleming Post, No. 316, G. A. R.

[From: Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton, Indiana: Historical and Biograhical (Chicago: F. A. Battley and Co., 1883), 956-7.]

Casper M. Zerkel

CASPER M. ZERKEL, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in Shenandoah Co., Va., May 27, 1838; he is a son of Michael and Susannah (Pence) Zerkel, both natives of the above-named State and county. C. M. was left motherless at the age of 6 months, and his only brother died in youth. His father afterward married for his se and wife, Elizabeth Pence. Casper M. was raised by his grandfather, Lewis Zerkel, with whom he lived till nearly 21 years of age, when he came to his present residenc and lived with his father, who died in 1870. He, being the only child, now owns the farm of 214 acres, except the widow's dower. In 1863, June 25, he was united in marriage with Mary Angeline Kesler. She was born in Clark County, July 20, 1845. To this union three children have been given—Sarah C., born Aug. 18, 1866; Lewis I., born March 13, 1869; and John F., born Jan. 12, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Zerk are members of the German Reformed Church.

[From: The History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers and Company, 1881), 744.]

Solomon Pentz

SOLOMON PENTZ. During the early settlement of Ohio the sons of the Old Dominion came hither in goodly numbers and contributed their full quota to the growth and development of the Buckeye State. The subject of this notice forms one of Virginia's most worthy representatives and operates a well- developed farm on section 8, German Township, where, besides prosecuting general agriculture, he makes a specialty of stock-raising.

Mr. Pentz was born August 17, 1817, in Shenandoah County, Va. and is the eldest son of Philip and Catherine (Bowers) Pentz who were likewise natives of that State. The parental family consisted of a large number of children and when but a lad, Solomon, like his brothers and sisters, was required to make himself useful about the home farm, while he obtained only a limited education in the common schools. He remained a member of the parental household until a man of twenty-five years and was then married, in December, 1842, to Miss Caroline Zirkle. Mrs. Pentz was born in the same county as her husband, in April, 1819, and is a daughter of Lewis and Catherine (Brener) Zirkle, who were likewise natives of Virginia and spent the closing years of their lives in Ohio. To Mr. Pentz and his estimable wife was born a family of six children; the eldest of whom a daughter, Anne, died when eighteen years old. Malinda is the wife of William Bayler and they live in Mad River Township, Clarke County. William makes his home in the city of Springfield; Lewis is a resident of Champaign County; Catherine is the wife of William Lurton of German Township; Effie remains at home with her parents.

The two eldest children of Mr. and Mrs. Pentz were born in Virginia, from which State they emigrated about 1847, settling first in Champaign County, of which they were residents for nine years. They came to Clarke County about 1856, and settled on the farm where they now reside. Mr. Pentz is the owner of one hundred and five acres of land which with the assistance of his faithful and devoted wife he has accumulated by his own industry and good management. He is a man enjoying the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens and has served as Trustee of German Township.

Mr. and Mrs. Pentz are both members in good standing of the Lutheran Church. Politically Mr. Pentz is an uncompromising Democrat, and socially belongs to the Grange at Tremont City. The paternal grandfather of Mr. Pentz was a native of Pennsylvania, whence he removed to Virginia and there spent his last days.

[From:Portrait and Biographical Album of Greene and Clark Counties, Ohio (Chicago: Chapman Brothers, 1890), 185.]

David Steinberger

DAVID STEINBERGER, farmer; P. 0. Urbana. Mr. Steinberger is one of our oldest men, and is now in his 81st year; his grandparents came from Germanyand settled in Shenandoah Co., Va. David's parents - John and Elizabeth Steinberger - were married in Virginia, and came to this county in 1804, and settled on Nettle Creek; near where Millerstown is now. This was at that time an Indian village, and was occupied by the Miami tribe. Indians were plenty at that day but were peaceable. The heavy timber was almost unbroken at that time, and wild game was plenty; raccoons destroyed much corn, and they had to watch their fields at night to save it; squirrels were almost as destructive during the day as the coons were at night. Everybody helped their neighbors raise their log houses, roll and burn their logs, and a general feeling of good-fellowship prevailed. John Steinberger was a prominent man in his day, and was an enterprising one, having no money when he came here. When the county for Indiana, in 1819 or 1820, he owned 240 acres of land. His children were named George, John, Henry, Frederick, David and Gideon. Elizabeth and Catherine were the daughters. Only our subject and Gideon, who lives in Iowa, are living. David was born in Virginia Sept. 9, 1800, and was married, in 1821, to Elizabeth Pence. Their name figures extensively in this history. David and his wife were parents of seven children, only three - Louisa M., Mary A. and George S. - are living. Mrs. S. died in 1833 and in 1835 David married Lucy Gaines, of Virginia, whe was born, Feb. 22, 1813. By her he had eight children, five of whom are living - Caroline, Elizabeth, Amanda, John and Gideon. David started in life with which was spent in trying to regain his health, which was very poor in his younger days. He went bravely to work, married a wife, and commenced life in earnest. This reminds us of a story which Mr. Steinberger relates: "A man (name forgotten) whom David stayed all night, on Little Flat Rock, Indiana, married his wife whe was only 15 years of age. They had been married fifteen years and had fifteen children whose mother was only 30 years of age. When they were marricd, they had not a dollar, and after rearing this large family they had bought and paid for 400 acres of and were they engaged in building a mill." After sixty years of toil, commencing without any capital, except a pair of willing hands, Mr. Steinberger is now the ow 952 acres of land, worth $75,000, not counting personal property, etc., and a residence in Urbana. All this was gained by honest toil and economy. Both himself and wife are of the Baptist faith, and are now living at their ease on the farm the mills that bear his name. Politically, he is Democratic, one of the substantial and is honored and respected by the best citizens of Champaign County.

Frome: The History of Champaign County, Ohio (Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 881)